**Table of Contents**

Using `complex<>`

becomes even more comple- er, sorry,
*complicated*, with the not-quite-gratuitously-incompatible
addition of complex types to the C language. David Tribble has
compiled a list of C++98 and C99 conflict points; his description of
C's new type versus those of C++ and how to get them playing together
nicely is
here.

`complex<>`

is intended to be instantiated with a
floating-point type. As long as you meet that and some other basic
requirements, then the resulting instantiation has all of the usual
math operators defined, as well as definitions of `op<<`

and `op>>`

that work with iostreams: `op<<`

prints `(u,v)`

and `op>>`

can read `u`

,
`(u)`

, and `(u,v)`

.

As an extension to C++11 and for increased compatibility with C,
`<complex.h>`

includes both `<complex>`

and the C99 `<complex.h>`

(if the C library provides
it).