Implement N3762 string_view: a non-owning reference to a string.

Ed Smith-Rowland
Sat Nov 16 18:28:00 GMT 2013

On 11/16/2013 11:06 AM, Jonathan Wakely wrote:
> On 16 November 2013 15:39, Ed Smith-Rowland wrote:
>> Here is a new patch that I believe answers all questions.
> Thanks.
>> Fixed spelling.
> The new doxygen header in the .tcc file still says experimantal :-)
> +/** @file experimantal/string_view.tcc
> Also both headers and all the tests refer to Clause 21 in the
> standard, but of course <string_view> isn't going to be there now:
> +// ISO C++ 14882: 21  Strings library
> Apart from those minor issues (I hope the tests will be relatively
> easy to fix with sed) this is OK to commit.  Some more responses
> below, but no more requests for changes ...
>> _S_compare I did the same trick as with at and substr to get constexpr.
>> It's sloppy because since we don't have C++14 constexpr yet I can't store a
>> variable for __diff.  The repeated difference calculation will either be
>> done at compile time or hopefully optimized out.
> An alternative approach is to dispatch to another constexpr function:
> static constexpr const int
> _S_compare(size_type __n1, size_type __n2) noexcept
> {
>    return _S_compare(__n1, __n2, __n2 - __n1);
> }
> static constexpr const int
> _S_compare(size_type __n1, size_type __n2, difference_type __d) noexcept
> {
>   return __d > std::numeric_limits<int>::max()
>       ? std::numeric_limits<int>::max()
>       : __d  < std::numeric_limits<int>::min()
>       ? std::numeric_limits<int>::min()
>       : static_cast<int>(__d);
> }
> But I agree the repeated calculation should be optimized away so it's
> simpler as a single function. It can use a local variable when the
> front-end supports it.
>> Open issues:
>> I added operator""sv on my own initiative.  This has been mentioned as a
>> possibility in all drafts that I've seen but it's still an addition.
> I think that's OK for an <experimental/xxx> header.
>> The papers have =default copy ctor and copy assign.  Why not the move ctor
>> and move assign?
> Probably because the member variables are simple built-in types, so by
> default a move is identical to a copy anyway. You could provide
> user-defined move ops which zero out the members of the moved-from
> value, but that would make a move slower than a copy!
Committed with spelling and testsuite commentary changes.

What do you think we should do about experimental headers and pch?

I think experimental will get quite big and it is well... experimental.
I was thinking experimentalc++.h.

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