Intrinsics for N2965: Type traits and base classes

Michael Spertus mike_spertus@symantec.com
Thu Oct 13 17:35:00 GMT 2011


Addressing Jason's comments:

Index: libstdc++-v3/include/tr2/type_traits
===================================================================
--- libstdc++-v3/include/tr2/type_traits        (revision 0)
+++ libstdc++-v3/include/tr2/type_traits        (revision 0)
@@ -0,0 +1,96 @@
+// TR2 type_traits -*- C++ -*-
+
+// Copyright (C) 2004, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2008, 2009, 2010, 2011
+// Free Software Foundation, Inc.
+//
+// This file is part of the GNU ISO C++ Library.  This library is free
+// software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it under the
+// terms of the GNU General Public License as published by the
+// Free Software Foundation; either version 3, or (at your option)
+// any later version.
+
+// This library is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
+// but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
+// MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the
+// GNU General Public License for more details.
+
+// Under Section 7 of GPL version 3, you are granted additional
+// permissions described in the GCC Runtime Library Exception, version
+// 3.1, as published by the Free Software Foundation.
+
+// You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License and
+// a copy of the GCC Runtime Library Exception along with this program;
+// see the files COPYING3 and COPYING.RUNTIME respectively.  If not, see
+// <http://www.gnu.org/licenses/>.
+
+/** @file tr2/type_traits
+ *  This is a TR2 C++ Library header.
+ */
+
+#ifndef _GLIBCXX_TR2_TYPE_TRAITS
+#define _GLIBCXX_TR2_TYPE_TRAITS 1
+
+#pragma GCC system_header
+#include <type_traits>
+#include <bits/c++config.h>
+
+namespace std _GLIBCXX_VISIBILITY(default)
+{
+namespace tr2
+{
+_GLIBCXX_BEGIN_NAMESPACE_VERSION
+
+  /**
+   * @defgroup metaprogramming Type Traits
+   * @ingroup utilities
+   *
+   * Compile time type transformation and information.
+   * @{
+   */
+
+  template<typename... _Elements> struct typelist;
+  template<>
+    struct typelist<>
+    {
+      typedef std::true_type empty;
+    };
+
+  template<typename _First, typename... _Rest>
+    struct typelist<_First, _Rest...>
+    {
+      struct first
+      {
+        typedef _First type;
+      };
+
+      struct rest
+      {
+        typedef typelist<_Rest...> type;
+      };
+
+      typedef std::false_type empty;
+    };
+
+  // Sequence abstraction metafunctions default to looking in the type
+  template<typename T> struct first : public T::first {};
+  template<typename T> struct rest : public T::rest {};
+  template<typename T> struct empty : public T::empty {};
+
+
+  template<typename T>
+    struct bases
+    {
+         typedef typelist<__bases(T)...> type;
+    };
+
+  template<typename T>
+    struct direct_bases
+    {
+      typedef typelist<__direct_bases(T)...> type;
+    };
+
+_GLIBCXX_END_NAMESPACE_VERSION
+}
+}
+
+#endif // _GLIBCXX_TR2_TYPE_TRAITS
Index: gcc/c-family/c-common.c
===================================================================
--- gcc/c-family/c-common.c     (revision 178892)
+++ gcc/c-family/c-common.c     (working copy)
@@ -423,6 +423,7 @@
   { "__asm__",         RID_ASM,        0 },
   { "__attribute",     RID_ATTRIBUTE,  0 },
   { "__attribute__",   RID_ATTRIBUTE,  0 },
+  { "__bases",          RID_BASES, D_CXXONLY },
   { "__builtin_choose_expr", RID_CHOOSE_EXPR, D_CONLY },
   { "__builtin_complex", RID_BUILTIN_COMPLEX, D_CONLY },
   { "__builtin_offsetof", RID_OFFSETOF, 0 },
@@ -433,6 +434,7 @@
   { "__const",         RID_CONST,      0 },
   { "__const__",       RID_CONST,      0 },
   { "__decltype",       RID_DECLTYPE,   D_CXXONLY },
+  { "__direct_bases",   RID_DIRECT_BASES, D_CXXONLY },
   { "__extension__",   RID_EXTENSION,  0 },
   { "__func__",                RID_C99_FUNCTION_NAME, 0 },
   { "__has_nothrow_assign", RID_HAS_NOTHROW_ASSIGN, D_CXXONLY },
Index: gcc/c-family/c-common.h
===================================================================
--- gcc/c-family/c-common.h     (revision 178892)
+++ gcc/c-family/c-common.h     (working copy)
@@ -129,12 +129,13 @@
   RID_CONSTCAST, RID_DYNCAST, RID_REINTCAST, RID_STATCAST,

   /* C++ extensions */
+  RID_BASES,                  RID_DIRECT_BASES,
   RID_HAS_NOTHROW_ASSIGN,      RID_HAS_NOTHROW_CONSTRUCTOR,
   RID_HAS_NOTHROW_COPY,        RID_HAS_TRIVIAL_ASSIGN,
   RID_HAS_TRIVIAL_CONSTRUCTOR, RID_HAS_TRIVIAL_COPY,
   RID_HAS_TRIVIAL_DESTRUCTOR,  RID_HAS_VIRTUAL_DESTRUCTOR,
   RID_IS_ABSTRACT,             RID_IS_BASE_OF,
-  RID_IS_CONVERTIBLE_TO,       RID_IS_CLASS,
+  RID_IS_CLASS,                RID_IS_CONVERTIBLE_TO,
   RID_IS_EMPTY,                RID_IS_ENUM,
   RID_IS_LITERAL_TYPE,         RID_IS_POD,
   RID_IS_POLYMORPHIC,          RID_IS_STD_LAYOUT,
Index: gcc/testsuite/g++.dg/ext/bases.C
===================================================================
--- gcc/testsuite/g++.dg/ext/bases.C    (revision 0)
+++ gcc/testsuite/g++.dg/ext/bases.C    (revision 0)
@@ -0,0 +1,29 @@
+// { dg-do run }
+#include<typeinfo>
+#include<cassert>
+// A simple typelist
+template<typename... _Elements> struct types {};
+
+// Simple bases implementation
+template<typename T> struct b {
+  typedef types<__bases(T)...> type;
+};
+
+// Simple direct_bases implementation
+template<typename T> struct db {
+  typedef types<__direct_bases(T)...> type;
+};
+struct A {};
+struct C : virtual A {};
+struct D : public C {};
+struct B : D, virtual A {};
+struct E : C, virtual D, B {};
+struct  F : A, B, E {};
+
+int main() {
+  assert(typeid(b<F>::type)
+         == typeid(types<A,C,D,A,C,D,B,C,C,D,B,E>));
+  assert(typeid(db<F>::type) == typeid(types<A,B,E>));
+  assert(typeid(db<int>::type) == typeid(types<>));
+  return 0;
+}
Index: gcc/cp/pt.c
===================================================================
--- gcc/cp/pt.c (revision 178892)
+++ gcc/cp/pt.c (working copy)
@@ -2976,6 +2976,9 @@
         }
       break;

+    case BASES:
+      parameter_pack_p = true;
+      break;
     default:
       /* Not a parameter pack.  */
       break;
@@ -9123,6 +9126,15 @@
       tree arg_pack = NULL_TREE;
       tree orig_arg = NULL_TREE;

+      if (TREE_CODE (parm_pack) == BASES)
+       {
+         if (BASES_DIRECT (parm_pack))
+           return calculate_direct_bases (tsubst_expr (BASES_TYPE (parm_pack),
+                                                        args, complain, in_decl, false));
+         else
+           return calculate_bases (tsubst_expr (BASES_TYPE (parm_pack),
+                                                 args, complain, in_decl, false));
+       }
       if (TREE_CODE (parm_pack) == PARM_DECL)
        {
          if (!cp_unevaluated_operand)
Index: gcc/cp/semantics.c
===================================================================
--- gcc/cp/semantics.c  (revision 178892)
+++ gcc/cp/semantics.c  (working copy)
@@ -3407,6 +3407,149 @@
   return underlying_type;
 }

+/* Implement the __direct_bases keyword: Return the direct base classes
+   of type */
+
+tree
+calculate_direct_bases (tree type)
+{
+  VEC(tree, gc) *vector = make_tree_vector();
+  tree bases_vec = NULL_TREE;
+  VEC(tree, none) *base_binfos;
+  tree binfo;
+  unsigned i;
+
+  complete_type (type);
+
+  if (!NON_UNION_CLASS_TYPE_P (type))
+    return make_tree_vec (0);
+
+  base_binfos = BINFO_BASE_BINFOS (TYPE_BINFO (type));
+
+  /* Virtual bases are initialized first */
+  for (i = 0; VEC_iterate (tree, base_binfos, i, binfo); i++)
+    {
+      if (BINFO_VIRTUAL_P (binfo))
+       {
+         VEC_safe_push (tree, gc, vector, binfo);
+       }
+    }
+
+  /* Now non-virtuals */
+  for (i = 0; VEC_iterate (tree, base_binfos, i, binfo); i++)
+    {
+      if (!BINFO_VIRTUAL_P (binfo))
+       {
+         VEC_safe_push (tree, gc, vector, binfo);
+       }
+    }
+
+
+  bases_vec = make_tree_vec (VEC_length (tree, vector));
+
+  for (i = 0; i < VEC_length (tree, vector); ++i)
+    {
+      TREE_VEC_ELT (bases_vec, i) = BINFO_TYPE (VEC_index (tree, vector, i));
+    }
+  return bases_vec;
+}
+
+/* Implement the __bases keyword: Return the base classes
+   of type */
+
+/* Find morally non-virtual base classes by walking binfo hierarchy */
+/* Virtual base classes are handled separately in finish_bases */
+
+static tree
+dfs_calculate_bases_pre (tree binfo, ATTRIBUTE_UNUSED void *data_)
+{
+  /* Don't walk bases of virtual bases */
+  return BINFO_VIRTUAL_P (binfo) ? dfs_skip_bases : NULL_TREE;
+}
+
+static tree
+dfs_calculate_bases_post (tree binfo, void *data_)
+{
+  VEC(tree, gc) **data = (VEC(tree, gc) **) data_;
+  if (!BINFO_VIRTUAL_P (binfo))
+    {
+      VEC_safe_push (tree, gc, *data, BINFO_TYPE (binfo));
+    }
+  return NULL_TREE;
+}
+
+/* Calculates the morally non-virtual base classes of a class */
+static VEC(tree, gc) *
+calculate_bases_helper (tree type)
+{
+  VEC(tree, gc) *vector = make_tree_vector();
+
+  /* Now add non-virtual base classes in order of construction */
+  dfs_walk_all (TYPE_BINFO (type),
+                dfs_calculate_bases_pre, dfs_calculate_bases_post, &vector);
+  return vector;
+}
+
+tree
+calculate_bases (tree type)
+{
+  VEC(tree, gc) *vector = make_tree_vector();
+  tree bases_vec = NULL_TREE;
+  unsigned i;
+  VEC(tree, gc) *vbases;
+  VEC(tree, gc) *nonvbases;
+  tree binfo;
+
+  complete_type (type);
+
+  if (!NON_UNION_CLASS_TYPE_P (type))
+    return make_tree_vec (0);
+
+  /* First go through virtual base classes */
+  for (vbases = CLASSTYPE_VBASECLASSES (type), i = 0;
+       VEC_iterate (tree, vbases, i, binfo); i++)
+    {
+      VEC(tree, gc) *vbase_bases = calculate_bases_helper (BINFO_TYPE (binfo));
+      VEC_safe_splice (tree, gc, vector, vbase_bases);
+      release_tree_vector (vbase_bases);
+    }
+
+  /* Now for the non-virtual bases */
+  nonvbases = calculate_bases_helper (type);
+  VEC_safe_splice (tree, gc, vector, nonvbases);
+  release_tree_vector (nonvbases);
+
+  /* Last element is entire class, so don't copy */
+  bases_vec = make_tree_vec (VEC_length (tree, vector) - 1);
+
+  for (i = 0; i < VEC_length (tree, vector) - 1; ++i)
+    {
+      TREE_VEC_ELT (bases_vec, i) = VEC_index (tree, vector, i);
+    }
+  release_tree_vector (vector);
+  return bases_vec;
+}
+
+tree
+finish_bases (tree type, bool direct)
+{
+  tree bases = NULL_TREE;
+
+  if (!processing_template_decl)
+    {
+      /* Parameter packs can only be used in templates */
+      error ("Parameter pack __bases only valid in template declaration");
+      return error_mark_node;
+    }
+
+  bases = cxx_make_type (BASES);
+  BASES_TYPE (bases) = type;
+  BASES_DIRECT (bases) = direct;
+  SET_TYPE_STRUCTURAL_EQUALITY (bases);
+
+  return bases;
+}
+
 /* Perform C++-specific checks for __builtin_offsetof before calling
    fold_offsetof.  */

Index: gcc/cp/parser.c
===================================================================
--- gcc/cp/parser.c     (revision 178892)
+++ gcc/cp/parser.c     (working copy)
@@ -7295,6 +7295,12 @@
     case RID_UNDERLYING_TYPE:
       kind = CPTK_UNDERLYING_TYPE;
       break;
+    case RID_BASES:
+      kind = CPTK_BASES;
+      break;
+    case RID_DIRECT_BASES:
+      kind = CPTK_DIRECT_BASES;
+      break;
     default:
       gcc_unreachable ();
     }
@@ -7339,9 +7345,17 @@

   /* Complete the trait expression, which may mean either processing
      the trait expr now or saving it for template instantiation.  */
-  return kind != CPTK_UNDERLYING_TYPE
-    ? finish_trait_expr (kind, type1, type2)
-    : finish_underlying_type (type1);
+  switch(kind)
+    {
+    case CPTK_UNDERLYING_TYPE:
+      return finish_underlying_type (type1);
+    case CPTK_BASES:
+      return finish_bases (type1, false);
+    case CPTK_DIRECT_BASES:
+      return finish_bases (type1, true);
+    default:
+      return finish_trait_expr (kind, type1, type2);
+    }
 }

 /* Lambdas that appear in variable initializer or default argument scope
@@ -12010,6 +12024,7 @@
   parser->integral_constant_expression_p = false;
   saved_non_ice_p = parser->non_integral_constant_expression_p;
   parser->non_integral_constant_expression_p = false;
+
   /* Parse the arguments.  */
   do
     {
@@ -12827,7 +12842,6 @@

     case RID_UNDERLYING_TYPE:
       type = cp_parser_trait_expr (parser, RID_UNDERLYING_TYPE);
-
       if (decl_specs)
        cp_parser_set_decl_spec_type (decl_specs, type,
                                      token->location,
@@ -12835,6 +12849,14 @@

       return type;

+    case RID_BASES:
+    case RID_DIRECT_BASES:
+      type = cp_parser_trait_expr (parser, token->keyword);
+      if (decl_specs)
+       cp_parser_set_decl_spec_type (decl_specs, type,
+                                     token->location,
+                                     /*type_definition_p=*/false);
+      return type;
     default:
       break;
     }
@@ -20534,7 +20556,7 @@
 }

 /* Parse a template-argument-list, as well as the trailing ">" (but
-   not the opening ">").  See cp_parser_template_argument_list for the
+   not the opening "<").  See cp_parser_template_argument_list for the
    return value.  */

 static tree
Index: gcc/cp/cp-tree.def
===================================================================
--- gcc/cp/cp-tree.def  (revision 178892)
+++ gcc/cp/cp-tree.def  (working copy)
@@ -461,6 +461,10 @@
    UNDERLYING_TYPE_TYPE is the type in question.  */
 DEFTREECODE (UNDERLYING_TYPE, "underlying_type", tcc_type, 0)

+/* A type designated by one of the bases type traits.
+   BASES_TYPE is the type in question.  */
+DEFTREECODE (BASES, "bases", tcc_type, 0)
+
 /* Used to represent the template information stored by template
    specializations.
    The accessors are:
Index: gcc/cp/cp-tree.h
===================================================================
--- gcc/cp/cp-tree.h    (revision 178892)
+++ gcc/cp/cp-tree.h    (working copy)
@@ -558,6 +558,8 @@

 typedef enum cp_trait_kind
 {
+  CPTK_BASES,
+  CPTK_DIRECT_BASES,
   CPTK_HAS_NOTHROW_ASSIGN,
   CPTK_HAS_NOTHROW_CONSTRUCTOR,
   CPTK_HAS_NOTHROW_COPY,
@@ -3416,6 +3418,13 @@
 #define UNDERLYING_TYPE_TYPE(NODE) \
   (TYPE_VALUES_RAW (UNDERLYING_TYPE_CHECK (NODE)))

+/* The type in question for BASES.  */
+#define BASES_TYPE(NODE) \
+  (TYPE_VALUES_RAW (BASES_CHECK (NODE)))
+
+#define BASES_DIRECT(NODE) \
+  TREE_LANG_FLAG_0 (BASES_CHECK (NODE))
+
 /* The expression in question for a DECLTYPE_TYPE.  */
 #define DECLTYPE_TYPE_EXPR(NODE) (TYPE_VALUES_RAW (DECLTYPE_TYPE_CHECK (NODE)))

@@ -5430,6 +5439,9 @@
                                                  location_t);
 extern tree finish_typeof                      (tree);
 extern tree finish_underlying_type             (tree);
+extern tree calculate_bases                    (tree);
+extern tree finish_bases                       (tree, bool);
+extern tree calculate_direct_bases             (tree);
 extern tree finish_offsetof                    (tree);
 extern void finish_decl_cleanup                        (tree, tree);
 extern void finish_eh_cleanup                  (tree);



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