Jack Howarth howarth@bromo.med.uc.edu
Thu Jul 26 13:44:00 GMT 2012

On Mon, Jul 23, 2012 at 12:23:59PM +0100, Bryce McKinlay wrote:
> libgcc_s and libgcj contain a hack which renames
> _Unwind_FindEnclosingFunction to
> _darwin10_Unwind_FindEnclosingFunction on darwin targets. It appears
> this was introduced to work around an issue in OS X 10.6 where the
> _Unwind_FindEnclosingFunction was implemented as a stub which called
> abort(). see: http://gcc.gnu.org/bugzilla/show_bug.cgi?id=41991
> This has since been fixed in OS X 10.7+, and the system's
> _Unwind_FindEnclosingFunction now works.
> In Mac OS X 10.7 and 10.8, libgcc_s is installed as a symlink to libSystem:
> $ ls -l /usr/lib/libgcc_s.1.dylib
> lrwxr-xr-x 1 root wheel 17 Jun 19 13:16 /usr/lib/libgcc_s.1.dylib ->
> libSystem.B.dylib
> Unfortunately this means that libgcj does not work on a standard Mac
> OS X installation, because dyld will see the symlink and resolve
> libgcc_s to libSystem before it checks anywhere else:
> $ gcj Hello.class --main=Hello
> $ ./a.out
> dyld: _dyld_bind_fully_image_containing_address() error
> dyld: Symbol not found: __darwin10_Unwind_FindEnclosingFunction
>   Referenced from: /usr/local/lib/libgcj.13.dylib
>   Expected in: /usr/lib/libSystem.B.dylib
>  in /usr/local/lib/libgcj.13.dylib
> Trace/BPT trap: 5

The following works fine here using a gcc trunk built on 10.8...

howarth% gcc-fsf-4.8 -v
Using built-in specs.
Target: x86_64-apple-darwin12.0.0
Configured with: ../gcc-4.8-20120725/configure --prefix=/sw --prefix=/sw/lib/gcc4.8 --mandir=/sw/share/man --infodir=/sw/lib/gcc4.8/info --enable-languages=c,c++,fortran,lto,objc,obj-c++,java --with-gmp=/sw --with-libiconv-prefix=/sw --with-isl=/sw --with-cloog=/sw --with-mpc=/sw --with-system-zlib --enable-checking=yes --x-includes=/usr/X11R6/include --x-libraries=/usr/X11R6/lib --program-suffix=-fsf-4.8
Thread model: posix
gcc version 4.8.0 20120725 (experimental) (GCC) 

howarth% cat testme.java
public class testme { 
  public static void main(String args[]){ 

howarth% gcj-fsf-4.8 --main=testme -O testme.java
howarth% ./a.out

> This can be worked around by adjusting the system library path, or
> forcing libgcc_s to be loaded with DYLD_INSERT_LIBRARIES, but libgcj
> should work out-of-the-box for without having to hack the dyld
> configuration - so clearly we should not be renaming
> _Unwind_FindEnclosingFunction on OS X 10.7+ configurations.
> But I'm not convinced that this solution was ever really right to
> begin with. Even on a 10.6 system, things ought to work so long as you
> ensure libgcc_s is loaded before libSystem. Shouldn't the
> _darwin10_Unwind_FindEnclosingFunction rename be removed entirely?

If I recall correctly, Apple added some magic to make sure that the symbols
previously in libgcc_s would always be resolved from libSystem. I can dig
out the email traffic on that with the darwin linker developer later. Since
10.6 would remain broken, if 10.7/10.8 no longer needs the hack we would
still have to use that hack when targeting darwin10. Iain Sandoe made the 
last adjustment to this hack...

2010-08-17  Iain Sandoe  <iains@gcc.gnu.org>

        * include/posix.h: Make substitution of
        _darwin10_Unwind_FindEnclosingFunction conditional on
        OSX >= 10.6 (Darwin10).

Perhaps we can expand it to OSX >= 10.6 and < 10.7? Note that the unwinder situation
is pretty ugly because from 10.6 onwards we are using a compatibility unwinder and
not really the unwinder from libgcc in FSF gcc. Only a single unwinder can be used
and it should always be the system unwinder. The compatibility unwinder doesn't use
FDEs and over aggressively set aborts to functions like _Unwind_FindEnclosingFunction.
Apple may well have removed the aborts for those calls (although they probably are still
effectively no-ops).

> Bryce

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