More C type errors by default for GCC 14

Sam James sam@gentoo.org
Fri May 12 21:20:12 GMT 2023


Florian Weimer <fw@deneb.enyo.de> writes:

> * Jason Merrill:
>
>> On Fri, May 12, 2023 at 11:03 AM Florian Weimer <fw@deneb.enyo.de> wrote:
>>>
>>> * Joseph Myers:
>>>
>>> > On Wed, 10 May 2023, Eli Zaretskii via Gcc wrote:
>>> >
>>> >> That is not the case we are discussing, AFAIU.  Or at least no one has
>>> >> yet explained why accepting those old K&R programs will adversely
>>> >> affect the ability of GCC to compile C2x programs.
>>> >
>>> > At block scope,
>>> >
>>> >   auto x = 1.5;
>>> >
>>> > declares x to have type double in C2x (C++-style auto), but type int in
>>> > C89 (and is invalid for versions in between).  In this case, there is an
>>> > incompatible semantic change between implicit int and C++-style auto.
>>> > Giving an error before we make -std=gnu2x the default seems like a
>>> > particularly good idea, to further alert anyone who has been ignoring the
>>> > warnings about implicit int that semantics will change incompatibly.
>>>
>>> Obviously makes sense to me.
>>
>> Agreed.  But we could safely continue to accept
>>
>>   static x = 42;
>>
>> or even
>>
>>   auto x = 42; // meaning of 'auto' changes, meaning of the declaration does not
>>
>> We might make -Wimplicit-int an error by default only if the
>> initializer has a type other than 'int'.
>
> Based on what I saw fixing Fedora, these cases are not very common.
> Sure, sometimes common program such as valgrind have an instance
> <https://bugs.kde.org/show_bug.cgi?id=462007>, but that's really an
> exception.
>
> Implicit int is common as the return type of main (especially in
> autoconf tests), and due to a missing declaration list entry of an
> old-style function definition.  The main case could be treated as an
> exception.  The old-style function definition case is a common source
> of bugs and therefore worth fixing.  The addition of unnamed function
> parameters as an extension actually created a new class of bugs here
> (a typo in the type name of a single unnamed parameter results in an
> old-style function definition by accident).
>
>>> > In cases where the standard requires a diagnostic, some are errors, some
>>> > are pedwarns-by-default or unconditional pedwarns, some are
>>> > pedwarns-if-pedantic - the choice depending on how suspicious the
>>> > construct in question is and whether it corresponds to a meaningful
>>> > extension (this is not making an automatic choice for every such situation
>>> > in the standard, it's a case-by-case judgement by maintainers).  By now,
>>> > the cases discussed in this thread are sufficiently suspicious -
>>> > sufficiently likely to result in unintended execution at runtime (not, of
>>> > course, reliably detected because programs with such dodgy code are very
>>> > unlikely to have thorough automated tests covering all their code) - that
>>> > is it in the interests of users for them to be errors by default (for C99
>>> > and later modes, in the cases that were valid in C89).
>>>
>>> Just to recap, those are controlled by
>>> -Wimplicit-function-declaration, -Wimplicit-int, -Wint-conversion, and
>>> -Wincompatible-pointer-types, roughly in increasing order of
>>> compatibility impact with old sources.
>>
>> What would the impact be of making -Wint-conversion an error by
>> default only if the types are different sizes?
>
> From a distribution perspective, it does not change anything because
> we build everything on 64-bit anyway.  Unlike e.g. Fedora, Debian
> doesn't require all builds to succeed before the new package can be
> installed, but given that the primary targets are 64 bit, I don't
> think a restricted -Wint-conversion error would be much of a
> simplification.  The target-dependent nature of the warning is
> probably more confusing.

I don't see us really gaining anything from restricting it. Like you
said, the cases in the wild are actually all of the same "class".
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