Gcc Digest, Vol 5, Issue 52

Gary Oblock gary@amperecomputing.com
Tue Jul 28 21:02:27 GMT 2020


I wasn't aware of release_defs so I'll add that for certain.

When I do a single transformation as part of the transformation pass
each transformation uses the correct types internally but on the edges
emits glue code that will be transformed via a dangling type fixup pass.

For example when adding something to a pointer:

_2 = _1 + k

Where _1 & _2 are the old point types I'll

new_3 = (type_convert)_1
new_4 = (type_convert)k
new_5 = new_4 / struct_size // truncating divide
new_6 = new_3 + new_5
_2       = (type_convert)_new_6

Note, the casting is done with CONVERT_EXPR
which is harmless when I create new ssa names
and set the appropriate operands in

new_3 = (type_convert)_1
_2 = (type_convert)new_6


new_3 = new_7
new_8 = new_6

Now I might actually find via a look up that
_1 and/or _2 were already mapped to
new_7 and/or new_8 but that's irrelevant.

To intermix the applications of the transformations and
the patching of these dangling types seems like I'd
need to do an insanely ugly recursive walk of each functions

I'm curious when you mention def-use I'm not aware of
GCC using def-use chains except at the RTL level.
Is there a def-use mechanism in GIMPLE because
in SSA form it's trivial to find the definition of
a temp variable but non trivial to find the use of
it. Which I think is a valid reason for fixing up the
dangling types of temps in a scan.

Note, I'll maintain a mapping like you suggest but not use
it at transformation application time. Furthermore,
I'll initialize the mapping with the default defs from
the DECLs so I won't have to mess with them on the fly.
Now at the time in the scan when I find uses and defs of
a dangling type I'd like to simply modify the associated operands
of the statement. What is the real advantage creating a new
statement with the correct types? I'll be using SSA_NAME_DEF_STMT
if the newly created ssa name is on the left hand side. Also, the
ssa_name it replaces will no longer be referenced by the end of the
scan pass.

Note, I do have a escape mechanism in a qualification
pre-pass to the transformations. It's not intended as
catch-all for things I don't understand rather it's an
aid to find possible new cases. However, there are
legitimate things at this point in time during development
of this optimization that I need to spot things this way. Later,
when points to analysis is integrated falling through to
the default case behavior will likely cause an internal error.



From: Richard Biener <richard.guenther@gmail.com>
Sent: Tuesday, July 28, 2020 12:07 AM
To: Gary Oblock <gary@amperecomputing.com>
Cc: gcc@gcc.gnu.org <gcc@gcc.gnu.org>
Subject: Re: Gcc Digest, Vol 5, Issue 52

[EXTERNAL EMAIL NOTICE: This email originated from an external sender. Please be mindful of safe email handling and proprietary information protection practices.]

On Tue, Jul 28, 2020 at 4:36 AM Gary Oblock via Gcc <gcc@gcc.gnu.org> wrote:
> Almost all of the makes sense to.
> I'm not sure what a conditionally initialized pointer is.

  void *p;
  if (condition)
    p = ...;
  if (other condition)
     ... use p;

will end up with a PHI node after the conditional init with
one PHI argument being the default definition SSA name
for 'p'.

> You mention VAR_DECL but I assume this is for
> completeness and not something I'll run across
> associated with a default def (but then again I don't
> understand notion of a conditionally initialized
> pointer.)
> I'm at the moment only dealing with a single malloced
> array of structures of the given type (though multiple types could have this property.) I intend to extend this to cover multiple array and static allocations but I need to get the easiest case working first. This means no side pointers are needed and if and when I need them pointer will get transformed into a base and index pair.
> I intend to do the creation of new ssa names as a separate pass from the gimple transformations. So I will technically be creating for the duration of the pass possibly two defs associated with a single gimple statement. Do I need to delete the old ssa names
> via some mechanism?

When you remove the old definition do

   gsi_remove (&gsi, true); // gsi points at stmt
   release_defs (stmt);

note that as far as I understand you need to modify the stmts using
the former pointer (since its now an index), and I would not recommend
to make creation of new SSA names a separate pass, instead create
them when you alter the original definition and maintain a map
between old and new SSA name.

I haven't dug deep enough into your figure how you identify things
to modify (well, I fear you're just scanning for "uses" of the changed
type ...), but in the scheme I think should be implemented you'd
follow the SSA def->use links for both tracking an objects life
as well as for modifying the accesses.

With just scanning for types I am quite sure you'll run into
cases where you discover SSA uses that you did not modify
because you thought that's not necessary (debug stmts!).  Of
course you'll simply make more things "type escape points" then.

> By the way this is really helpful information. The only
> other person on the project, Erick, is a continent away
> and has about as much experience with gimple as
> me but a whole heck lot less compiler experience.
> Thanks,
> Gary
> ________________________________
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