How to activate instruction scheduling in GCC?

Ian Lance Taylor
Mon Jul 30 04:37:00 GMT 2007

petruk_gile <> writes:

> I'm a pure beginner in GCC, and currently working on a project to implement
> instruction scheduling for a new DSP processor. This processor doesn't have
> pipeline interlock, so the compiler HAVE to schedule the instruction without
> relying on hardware help anymore .... 
> The problem is, I'm a very beginner in GCC. I think the scheduling in GCC is
> activated by INSN_SCHEDULING variable (in automatically generated file:
> insn-attr.h), but I don't even know how to  activate this variable.

INSN_SCHEDULING will automatically be turned on if you have any
define_insn_reservation clauses in your file.  See the
"Processor pipeline description" documentation in the gcc internals

That said, the gcc scheduler unfortunately does not work very well for
processors which do not have hardware interlocks.  The scheduler will
lay out the instructions more or less optimally.  But the scheduler
has no ability to insert nops when they are required to satisfy
interlock constraints.

I know of two workable approachs.  You can either insert the required
nops in the TARGET_MACHINE_DEPENDENT_REORG pass or in the
TARGET_ASM_FUNCTION_PROLOGUE hook.  I personally prefer the latter
approach, as it takes effect after all other instruction rearrangement
is complete, but there are existing backends which use the former.

For an example of inserting nops in TARGET_MACHINE_DEPENDENT_REORG,
see the MIPS backend, specifically mips_avoid_hazards.  For an example
of inserting nops in TARGET_ASM_FUNCTION_PROLOGUE, see the FRV
backend, specifically frv_pack_insns.


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