RFC: RTL sharing between decls and instructions

Richard Sandiford richard@codesourcery.com
Fri Jul 27 21:25:00 GMT 2007

unshare_all_rtl used to unshare DECL_RTLs as well as expressions in the
instruction stream.  That changed with:


I think that patch was in itself the right thing to do.  However, in
anticipation of the old unshare_all_rtl behaviour, unshare_all_rtl_again
used to reset the used flags on all those DECL_RTLs.  I think that's no
longer correct.  unshare_all_rtl_again is used after reload, which may
have introduced invalid sharing by converting pseudo registers into
non-register expressions.  These sharing problems exist between
DECL_RTLs and the instruction stream as well as between instructions

Thus I think the right thing now is to get unshare_all_rtl_again to
_set_ rather than reset the used flags on DECL_RTLs, so that if a
DECL_RTL mentions an ex-register, all references to that ex-register
in the instruction stream will be copied.  This is what the old
unshare_all_decls did as a side effect.

Does that sound right?  I've checked that this patch fixes the case
I'm seeing, but I'm not too familiar with this code, so I wanted to
check whether I was barking up the wrong tree.

Sorry in advance if this has been suggested before.


	* emit-rtl.c (reset_used_decls): Rename to...
	(set_used_decls): ...this.  Set the used flag rather than clearing it.
	(unshare_all_rtl_again): Update accordingly.  Set flags on argument
	DECL_RTLs rather than resetting them.

Index: gcc/emit-rtl.c
--- gcc/emit-rtl.c	(revision 126993)
+++ gcc/emit-rtl.c	(working copy)
@@ -167,7 +167,7 @@ #define first_label_num (cfun->emit->x_f
 static rtx make_call_insn_raw (rtx);
 static rtx change_address_1 (rtx, enum machine_mode, rtx, int);
-static void reset_used_decls (tree);
+static void set_used_decls (tree);
 static void mark_label_nuses (rtx);
 static hashval_t const_int_htab_hash (const void *);
 static int const_int_htab_eq (const void *, const void *);
@@ -2160,11 +2160,11 @@ unshare_all_rtl_again (rtx insn)
   /* Make sure that virtual stack slots are not shared.  */
-  reset_used_decls (DECL_INITIAL (cfun->decl));
+  set_used_decls (DECL_INITIAL (cfun->decl));
   /* Make sure that virtual parameters are not shared.  */
   for (decl = DECL_ARGUMENTS (cfun->decl); decl; decl = TREE_CHAIN (decl))
-    reset_used_flags (DECL_RTL (decl));
+    set_used_flags (DECL_RTL (decl));
   reset_used_flags (stack_slot_list);
@@ -2353,20 +2353,28 @@ unshare_all_rtl_in_chain (rtx insn)
 /* Go through all virtual stack slots of a function and mark them as
-   not shared.  */
+   shared.  We never replace the DECL_RTLs themselves with a copy,
+   but expressions mentioned into a DECL_RTL cannot be shared with
+   expressions in the instruction stream.
+   Note that reload may convert pseudo registers into memories in-place.
+   Pseudo registers are always shared, but MEMs never are.  Thus if we
+   reset the used flags on MEMs in the instruction stream, we must set
+   them again on MEMs that appear in DECL_RTLs.  */
 static void
-reset_used_decls (tree blk)
+set_used_decls (tree blk)
   tree t;
   /* Mark decls.  */
   for (t = BLOCK_VARS (blk); t; t = TREE_CHAIN (t))
     if (DECL_RTL_SET_P (t))
-      reset_used_flags (DECL_RTL (t));
+      set_used_flags (DECL_RTL (t));
   /* Now process sub-blocks.  */
   for (t = BLOCK_SUBBLOCKS (blk); t; t = TREE_CHAIN (t))
-    reset_used_decls (t);
+    set_used_decls (t);
 /* Mark ORIG as in use, and return a copy of it if it was already in use.

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