[PATCH v2] RISC-V: Implement TLS Descriptors.

Tatsuyuki Ishi ishitatsuyuki@gmail.com
Fri Sep 8 10:49:23 GMT 2023


This implements TLS Descriptors (TLSDESC) as specified in [1].

In TLSDESC instruction sequence, the first instruction relocates against
the target TLS variable, while subsequent instructions relocates against
the address of the first. Such usage of labels are not well-supported
within GCC. Due to this, the 4-instruction sequence is implemented as a
single RTX insn.

The default remains to be the traditional TLS model, but can be configured
with --with_tls={trad,desc}. The choice can be revisited once toolchain
and libc support ships.

[1]: https://github.com/riscv-non-isa/riscv-elf-psabi-doc/pull/373.

gcc/Changelog:
    * config/riscv/riscv.opt: Add -mtls-dialect to configure TLS flavor.
    * config.gcc: Add --with_tls configuration option to change the default
    TLS flavor.
    * config/riscv/riscv.h: Add TARGET_TLSDESC determined from
    -mtls-dialect and with_tls defaults.
    * config/riscv/riscv-opts.h: Define enum riscv_tls_type for the two TLS
    flavors.
    * config/riscv/riscv-protos.h: Define SYMBOL_TLSDESC symbol type.
    * config/riscv/riscv.md: Add instruction sequence for TLSDESC.
    * config/riscv/riscv.cc (riscv_symbol_insns): Add instruction sequence
    length data for TLSDESC.
    (riscv_legitimize_tls_address): Add lowering of TLSDESC.
---
No regression in gcc tests for rv64gc, tested alongside the binutils and
glibc implementation. Tested with --with_tls=desc.

v2: Add with_tls configuration option, and a few readability improvements.
    Added Changelog.
    Thanks Kito Cheng for the review.

This contribution is made on behalf of Blue Whale Systems, which has
copyright assignment on file with the FSF.

 gcc/config.gcc                  | 15 ++++++++++++++-
 gcc/config/riscv/riscv-opts.h   |  6 ++++++
 gcc/config/riscv/riscv-protos.h |  5 +++--
 gcc/config/riscv/riscv.cc       | 24 ++++++++++++++++++++----
 gcc/config/riscv/riscv.h        |  9 +++++++--
 gcc/config/riscv/riscv.md       | 21 ++++++++++++++++++++-
 gcc/config/riscv/riscv.opt      | 14 ++++++++++++++
 7 files changed, 84 insertions(+), 10 deletions(-)

diff --git a/gcc/config.gcc b/gcc/config.gcc
index 415e0e1ebc5..86df7b89016 100644
--- a/gcc/config.gcc
+++ b/gcc/config.gcc
@@ -2434,6 +2434,7 @@ riscv*-*-linux*)
 	# Force .init_array support.  The configure script cannot always
 	# automatically detect that GAS supports it, yet we require it.
 	gcc_cv_initfini_array=yes
+	with_tls=${with_tls:-trad}
 	;;
 riscv*-*-elf* | riscv*-*-rtems*)
 	tm_file="elfos.h newlib-stdint.h ${tm_file} riscv/elf.h"
@@ -2476,6 +2477,7 @@ riscv*-*-freebsd*)
 	# Force .init_array support.  The configure script cannot always
 	# automatically detect that GAS supports it, yet we require it.
 	gcc_cv_initfini_array=yes
+	with_tls=${with_tls:-trad}
 	;;
 
 loongarch*-*-linux*)
@@ -4566,7 +4568,7 @@ case "${target}" in
 		;;
 
 	riscv*-*-*)
-		supported_defaults="abi arch tune riscv_attribute isa_spec"
+		supported_defaults="abi arch tune riscv_attribute isa_spec tls"
 
 		case "${target}" in
 		riscv-* | riscv32*) xlen=32 ;;
@@ -4694,6 +4696,17 @@ case "${target}" in
 				;;
 			esac
 		fi
+		# Handle --with-tls.
+		case "$with_tls" in
+        "" \
+        | trad | desc)
+            # OK
+            ;;
+        *)
+            echo "Unknown TLS method used in --with-tls=$with_tls" 1>&2
+            exit 1
+            ;;
+        esac
 
 		# Handle --with-multilib-list.
 		if test "x${with_multilib_list}" != xdefault; then
diff --git a/gcc/config/riscv/riscv-opts.h b/gcc/config/riscv/riscv-opts.h
index 378a17699cd..db03f35430a 100644
--- a/gcc/config/riscv/riscv-opts.h
+++ b/gcc/config/riscv/riscv-opts.h
@@ -319,4 +319,10 @@ enum riscv_entity
 #define TARGET_VECTOR_VLS                                                      \
   (TARGET_VECTOR && riscv_autovec_preference == RVV_SCALABLE)
 
+/* TLS types.  */
+enum riscv_tls_type {
+  TLS_TRADITIONAL,
+  TLS_DESCRIPTORS
+};
+
 #endif /* ! GCC_RISCV_OPTS_H */
diff --git a/gcc/config/riscv/riscv-protos.h b/gcc/config/riscv/riscv-protos.h
index 472c00dc439..9b7471f7591 100644
--- a/gcc/config/riscv/riscv-protos.h
+++ b/gcc/config/riscv/riscv-protos.h
@@ -33,9 +33,10 @@ enum riscv_symbol_type {
   SYMBOL_TLS,
   SYMBOL_TLS_LE,
   SYMBOL_TLS_IE,
-  SYMBOL_TLS_GD
+  SYMBOL_TLS_GD,
+  SYMBOL_TLSDESC,
 };
-#define NUM_SYMBOL_TYPES (SYMBOL_TLS_GD + 1)
+#define NUM_SYMBOL_TYPES (SYMBOL_TLSDESC + 1)
 
 /* Classifies an address.
 
diff --git a/gcc/config/riscv/riscv.cc b/gcc/config/riscv/riscv.cc
index 49062bef9fc..c158e224aaa 100644
--- a/gcc/config/riscv/riscv.cc
+++ b/gcc/config/riscv/riscv.cc
@@ -799,6 +799,7 @@ static int riscv_symbol_insns (enum riscv_symbol_type type)
     case SYMBOL_ABSOLUTE: return 2; /* LUI + the reference.  */
     case SYMBOL_PCREL: return 2; /* AUIPC + the reference.  */
     case SYMBOL_TLS_LE: return 3; /* LUI + ADD TP + the reference.  */
+    case SYMBOL_TLSDESC: return 6; /* 4-instruction call + ADD TP + the reference.  */
     case SYMBOL_GOT_DISP: return 3; /* AUIPC + LD GOT + the reference.  */
     default: gcc_unreachable ();
     }
@@ -1734,7 +1735,7 @@ riscv_call_tls_get_addr (rtx sym, rtx result)
 static rtx
 riscv_legitimize_tls_address (rtx loc)
 {
-  rtx dest, tp, tmp;
+  rtx dest, tp, tmp, a0;
   enum tls_model model = SYMBOL_REF_TLS_MODEL (loc);
 
 #if 0
@@ -1750,9 +1751,24 @@ riscv_legitimize_tls_address (rtx loc)
       /* Rely on section anchors for the optimization that LDM TLS
 	 provides.  The anchor's address is loaded with GD TLS. */
     case TLS_MODEL_GLOBAL_DYNAMIC:
-      tmp = gen_rtx_REG (Pmode, GP_RETURN);
-      dest = gen_reg_rtx (Pmode);
-      emit_libcall_block (riscv_call_tls_get_addr (loc, tmp), dest, tmp, loc);
+      if (TARGET_TLSDESC)
+	{
+	  static unsigned seqno;
+	  tp = gen_rtx_REG (Pmode, THREAD_POINTER_REGNUM);
+	  a0 = gen_rtx_REG (Pmode, GP_ARG_FIRST);
+	  dest = gen_reg_rtx (Pmode);
+
+	  emit_insn (gen_tlsdesc (Pmode, loc, GEN_INT (seqno)));
+	  emit_insn (gen_add3_insn (dest, a0, tp));
+	  seqno++;
+	}
+      else
+	{
+	  tmp = gen_rtx_REG (Pmode, GP_RETURN);
+	  dest = gen_reg_rtx (Pmode);
+	  emit_libcall_block (riscv_call_tls_get_addr (loc, tmp), dest, tmp,
+			      loc);
+	}
       break;
 
     case TLS_MODEL_INITIAL_EXEC:
diff --git a/gcc/config/riscv/riscv.h b/gcc/config/riscv/riscv.h
index e18a0081297..faea78f5f4c 100644
--- a/gcc/config/riscv/riscv.h
+++ b/gcc/config/riscv/riscv.h
@@ -59,6 +59,7 @@ extern const char *riscv_multi_lib_check (int argc, const char **argv);
    --with-abi is ignored if -mabi is specified.
    --with-tune is ignored if -mtune or -mcpu is specified.
    --with-isa-spec is ignored if -misa-spec is specified.
+   --with-tls is ignored if -mtls-dialect is specified.
 
    But using default -march/-mtune value if -mcpu don't have valid option.  */
 #define OPTION_DEFAULT_SPECS \
@@ -68,8 +69,9 @@ extern const char *riscv_multi_lib_check (int argc, const char **argv);
   {"arch", "%{!march=*:"						\
 	   "  %{!mcpu=*:-march=%(VALUE)}"				\
 	   "  %{mcpu=*:%:riscv_expand_arch_from_cpu(%* %(VALUE))}}" },	\
-  {"abi", "%{!mabi=*:-mabi=%(VALUE)}" }, \
-  {"isa_spec", "%{!misa-spec=*:-misa-spec=%(VALUE)}" }, \
+  {"abi", "%{!mabi=*:-mabi=%(VALUE)}" },				\
+  {"isa_spec", "%{!misa-spec=*:-misa-spec=%(VALUE)}" },			\
+  {"tls", "%{!mtls-dialect=*:-mtls-dialect=%(VALUE)}"},         	\
 
 #ifdef IN_LIBGCC2
 #undef TARGET_64BIT
@@ -1122,4 +1124,7 @@ extern void riscv_remove_unneeded_save_restore_calls (void);
 #define OPTIMIZE_MODE_SWITCHING(ENTITY) (TARGET_VECTOR)
 #define NUM_MODES_FOR_MODE_SWITCHING {VXRM_MODE_NONE, riscv_vector::FRM_NONE}
 
+/* Check TLS Descriptors mechanism is selected.  */
+#define TARGET_TLSDESC (riscv_tls_dialect == TLS_DESCRIPTORS)
+
 #endif /* ! GCC_RISCV_H */
diff --git a/gcc/config/riscv/riscv.md b/gcc/config/riscv/riscv.md
index b456fa6abb3..aaef9cd429b 100644
--- a/gcc/config/riscv/riscv.md
+++ b/gcc/config/riscv/riscv.md
@@ -47,7 +47,7 @@
   UNSPEC_TLS_LE
   UNSPEC_TLS_IE
   UNSPEC_TLS_GD
-
+  UNSPEC_TLSDESC
   ;; High part of PC-relative address.
   UNSPEC_AUIPC
 
@@ -121,6 +121,7 @@
    (T1_REGNUM			6)
    (S0_REGNUM			8)
    (S1_REGNUM			9)
+   (A0_REGNUM			10)
    (S2_REGNUM			18)
    (S3_REGNUM			19)
    (S4_REGNUM			20)
@@ -1869,6 +1870,24 @@
   [(set_attr "got" "load")
    (set_attr "mode" "<MODE>")])
 
+(define_insn "@tlsdesc<mode>"
+  [(set (reg:P A0_REGNUM)
+	    (unspec:P
+			[(match_operand:P 0 "symbolic_operand" "")
+			 (match_operand:P 1 "const_int_operand")]
+			UNSPEC_TLSDESC))
+   (clobber (reg:SI T0_REGNUM))]
+  "TARGET_TLSDESC"
+  {
+    return ".LT%1: auipc\ta0, %%tlsdesc_hi(%0)\;"
+           "<load>\tt0,%%tlsdesc_load_lo(.LT%1)(a0)\;"
+           "addi\ta0,a0,%%tlsdesc_add_lo(.LT%1)\;"
+           "jalr\tt0,t0,%%tlsdesc_call(.LT%1)";
+  }
+  [(set_attr "type" "multi")
+   (set_attr "length" "16")
+   (set_attr "mode" "<MODE>")])
+
 (define_insn "auipc<mode>"
   [(set (match_operand:P           0 "register_operand" "=r")
 	(unspec:P
diff --git a/gcc/config/riscv/riscv.opt b/gcc/config/riscv/riscv.opt
index 6304efebfd5..9ba690f8497 100644
--- a/gcc/config/riscv/riscv.opt
+++ b/gcc/config/riscv/riscv.opt
@@ -311,3 +311,17 @@ Enum(riscv_autovec_lmul) String(m8) Value(RVV_M8)
 -param=riscv-autovec-lmul=
 Target RejectNegative Joined Enum(riscv_autovec_lmul) Var(riscv_autovec_lmul) Init(RVV_M1)
 -param=riscv-autovec-lmul=<string>	Set the RVV LMUL of auto-vectorization in the RISC-V port.
+
+Enum
+Name(tls_type) Type(enum riscv_tls_type)
+The possible TLS dialects:
+
+EnumValue
+Enum(tls_type) String(trad) Value(TLS_TRADITIONAL)
+
+EnumValue
+Enum(tls_type) String(desc) Value(TLS_DESCRIPTORS)
+
+mtls-dialect=
+Target RejectNegative Joined Enum(tls_type) Var(riscv_tls_dialect) Init(TLS_TRADITIONAL) Save
+Specify TLS dialect.
-- 
2.42.0



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