[PATCH] c++: Improve diagnostics about conflicting specifiers

Jakub Jelinek jakub@redhat.com
Mon Sep 19 07:24:22 GMT 2022


Hi!

On Sat, Sep 17, 2022 at 01:23:59AM +0200, Jason Merrill wrote:
> I wonder why we don't give an error when setting the
> conflicting_specifiers_p flag in cp_parser_set_storage_class?  We should be
> able to give a better diagnostic at that point.

I didn't have time to update the whole patch last night, but this part
seems to be independent and I've managed to test it.

The diagnostics then looks like:
a.C:1:9: error: ‘static’ specifier conflicts with ‘typedef’
    1 | typedef static int a;
      | ~~~~~~~ ^~~~~~
a.C:2:8: error: ‘typedef’ specifier conflicts with ‘static’
    2 | static typedef int b;
      | ~~~~~~ ^~~~~~~
a.C:3:8: error: duplicate ‘static’ specifier
    3 | static static int c;
      | ~~~~~~ ^~~~~~
a.C:4:8: error: ‘extern’ specifier conflicts with ‘static’
    4 | static extern int d;
      | ~~~~~~ ^~~~~~

Bootstrapped/regtested on x86_64-linux and i686-linux, ok for trunk?

2022-09-19  Jakub Jelinek  <jakub@redhat.com>

gcc/cp/
	* parser.cc (cp_parser_lambda_declarator_opt): Don't diagnose
	conflicting specifiers here.
	(cp_storage_class_name): New variable.
	(cp_parser_decl_specifier_seq): When setting conflicting_specifiers_p
	for the first time, diagnose which exact specifiers conflict.
	(cp_parser_set_storage_class): Likewise.  Move storage_class
	computation earlier.
	* decl.cc (grokdeclarator): Don't diagnose conflicting specifiers
	here, just return error_mark_node.
gcc/testsuite/
	* g++.dg/diagnostic/conflicting-specifiers-1.C: Adjust expected
	diagnostics.
	* g++.dg/parse/typedef8.C: Likewise.
	* g++.dg/parse/crash39.C: Likewise.
	* g++.dg/other/mult-stor1.C: Likewise.
	* g++.dg/cpp2a/constinit3.C: Likewise.

--- gcc/cp/parser.cc.jj	2022-09-16 22:34:28.427708581 +0200
+++ gcc/cp/parser.cc	2022-09-19 09:18:49.561145347 +0200
@@ -11718,9 +11718,6 @@ cp_parser_lambda_declarator_opt (cp_pars
     {
       LAMBDA_EXPR_MUTABLE_P (lambda_expr) = 1;
       quals = TYPE_UNQUALIFIED;
-      if (lambda_specs.conflicting_specifiers_p)
-	error_at (lambda_specs.locations[ds_storage_class],
-		  "duplicate %<mutable%>");
     }
 
   tx_qual = cp_parser_tx_qualifier_opt (parser);
@@ -15720,6 +15717,13 @@ cp_parser_decomposition_declaration (cp_
   return decl;
 }
 
+/* Names of storage classes.  */
+
+static const char *const
+cp_storage_class_name[] = {
+  "", "auto", "register", "static", "extern", "mutable"
+};
+
 /* Parse a decl-specifier-seq.
 
    decl-specifier-seq:
@@ -15941,8 +15945,18 @@ cp_parser_decl_specifier_seq (cp_parser*
 	     may as well commit at this point.  */
 	  cp_parser_commit_to_tentative_parse (parser);
 
-          if (decl_specs->storage_class != sc_none)
-            decl_specs->conflicting_specifiers_p = true;
+	  if (decl_specs->storage_class != sc_none)
+	    {
+	      if (decl_specs->conflicting_specifiers_p)
+		break;
+	      gcc_rich_location richloc (token->location);
+	      location_t oloc = decl_specs->locations[ds_storage_class];
+	      richloc.add_location_if_nearby (oloc);
+	      error_at (&richloc,
+			"%<typedef%> specifier conflicts with %qs",
+			cp_storage_class_name[decl_specs->storage_class]);
+	      decl_specs->conflicting_specifiers_p = true;
+	    }
 	  break;
 
 	  /* storage-class-specifier:
@@ -32826,26 +32840,6 @@ cp_parser_set_storage_class (cp_parser *
 {
   cp_storage_class storage_class;
 
-  if (parser->in_unbraced_linkage_specification_p)
-    {
-      error_at (token->location, "invalid use of %qD in linkage specification",
-		ridpointers[keyword]);
-      return;
-    }
-  else if (decl_specs->storage_class != sc_none)
-    {
-      decl_specs->conflicting_specifiers_p = true;
-      return;
-    }
-
-  if ((keyword == RID_EXTERN || keyword == RID_STATIC)
-      && decl_spec_seq_has_spec_p (decl_specs, ds_thread)
-      && decl_specs->gnu_thread_keyword_p)
-    {
-      pedwarn (decl_specs->locations[ds_thread], 0,
-		"%<__thread%> before %qD", ridpointers[keyword]);
-    }
-
   switch (keyword)
     {
     case RID_AUTO:
@@ -32866,6 +32860,38 @@ cp_parser_set_storage_class (cp_parser *
     default:
       gcc_unreachable ();
     }
+
+  if (parser->in_unbraced_linkage_specification_p)
+    {
+      error_at (token->location, "invalid use of %qD in linkage specification",
+		ridpointers[keyword]);
+      return;
+    }
+  else if (decl_specs->storage_class != sc_none)
+    {
+      if (decl_specs->conflicting_specifiers_p)
+	return;
+      gcc_rich_location richloc (token->location);
+      richloc.add_location_if_nearby (decl_specs->locations[ds_storage_class]);
+      if (decl_specs->storage_class == storage_class)
+	error_at (&richloc, "duplicate %qD specifier", ridpointers[keyword]);
+      else
+	error_at (&richloc,
+		  "%qD specifier conflicts with %qs",
+		  ridpointers[keyword],
+		  cp_storage_class_name[decl_specs->storage_class]);
+      decl_specs->conflicting_specifiers_p = true;
+      return;
+    }
+
+  if ((keyword == RID_EXTERN || keyword == RID_STATIC)
+      && decl_spec_seq_has_spec_p (decl_specs, ds_thread)
+      && decl_specs->gnu_thread_keyword_p)
+    {
+      pedwarn (decl_specs->locations[ds_thread], 0,
+		"%<__thread%> before %qD", ridpointers[keyword]);
+    }
+
   decl_specs->storage_class = storage_class;
   set_and_check_decl_spec_loc (decl_specs, ds_storage_class, token);
 
@@ -32873,8 +32899,16 @@ cp_parser_set_storage_class (cp_parser *
      specifier. If there is a typedef specifier present then set
      conflicting_specifiers_p which will trigger an error later
      on in grokdeclarator. */
-  if (decl_spec_seq_has_spec_p (decl_specs, ds_typedef))
-    decl_specs->conflicting_specifiers_p = true;
+  if (decl_spec_seq_has_spec_p (decl_specs, ds_typedef)
+      && !decl_specs->conflicting_specifiers_p)
+    {
+      gcc_rich_location richloc (token->location);
+      richloc.add_location_if_nearby (decl_specs->locations[ds_typedef]);
+      error_at (&richloc,
+		"%qD specifier conflicts with %<typedef%>",
+		ridpointers[keyword]);
+      decl_specs->conflicting_specifiers_p = true;
+    }
 }
 
 /* Update the DECL_SPECS to reflect the TYPE_SPEC.  If TYPE_DEFINITION_P
--- gcc/cp/decl.cc.jj	2022-09-16 22:34:28.420708676 +0200
+++ gcc/cp/decl.cc	2022-09-18 20:15:13.357162931 +0200
@@ -12089,12 +12089,7 @@ grokdeclarator (const cp_declarator *dec
     }
 
   if (declspecs->conflicting_specifiers_p)
-    {
-      error_at (min_location (declspecs->locations[ds_typedef],
-			      declspecs->locations[ds_storage_class]),
-		"conflicting specifiers in declaration of %qs", name);
-      return error_mark_node;
-    }
+    return error_mark_node;
 
   /* Extract the basic type from the decl-specifier-seq.  */
   type = declspecs->type;
--- gcc/testsuite/g++.dg/diagnostic/conflicting-specifiers-1.C.jj	2020-01-14 20:02:46.815609354 +0100
+++ gcc/testsuite/g++.dg/diagnostic/conflicting-specifiers-1.C	2022-09-18 20:55:53.928964842 +0200
@@ -1 +1 @@
-static typedef int i __attribute__((unused));  // { dg-error "1:conflicting specifiers" }
+static typedef int i __attribute__((unused));  // { dg-error "1:'typedef' specifier conflicts with 'static'" }
--- gcc/testsuite/g++.dg/parse/typedef8.C.jj	2020-01-14 20:02:46.921607767 +0100
+++ gcc/testsuite/g++.dg/parse/typedef8.C	2022-09-18 20:55:23.829375095 +0200
@@ -1,11 +1,11 @@
 //PR c++ 29024
 
-typedef static int a;   // { dg-error "conflicting" }
-typedef register int b; // { dg-error "conflicting" }
-typedef extern int c;   // { dg-error "conflicting" }
-static typedef int a;   // { dg-error "conflicting" }
+typedef static int a;   // { dg-error "'static' specifier conflicts with 'typedef'" }
+typedef register int b; // { dg-error "'register' specifier conflicts with 'typedef'" }
+typedef extern int c;   // { dg-error "'extern' specifier conflicts with 'typedef'" }
+static typedef int a;   // { dg-error "'typedef' specifier conflicts with 'static'" }
 
 void foo()
 {
-  typedef auto int bar; // { dg-error "conflicting|two or more data types" }
+  typedef auto int bar; // { dg-error "'auto' specifier conflicts with 'typedef'|two or more data types" }
 }
--- gcc/testsuite/g++.dg/parse/crash39.C.jj	2020-01-14 20:02:46.911607917 +0100
+++ gcc/testsuite/g++.dg/parse/crash39.C	2022-09-18 20:56:32.004445908 +0200
@@ -1,3 +1,3 @@
 // PR c++/31747
 
-static extern int i; // { dg-error "conflicting specifiers" }
+static extern int i; // { dg-error "'extern' specifier conflicts with 'static'" }
--- gcc/testsuite/g++.dg/other/mult-stor1.C.jj	2020-01-14 20:02:46.902608051 +0100
+++ gcc/testsuite/g++.dg/other/mult-stor1.C	2022-09-18 20:57:43.635469614 +0200
@@ -4,5 +4,5 @@
 
 struct A
 {
-  extern static int i;  // { dg-error "conflicting specifiers" }
+  extern static int i;  // { dg-error "'static' specifier conflicts with 'extern'" }
 };
--- gcc/testsuite/g++.dg/cpp2a/constinit3.C.jj	2020-05-13 21:38:28.356420335 +0200
+++ gcc/testsuite/g++.dg/cpp2a/constinit3.C	2022-09-18 20:57:12.424894986 +0200
@@ -5,7 +5,7 @@ constinit constinit int v1; // { dg-erro
 constexpr constinit int v2 = 1; // { dg-error "can use at most one of the .constinit. and .constexpr. specifiers" }
 constinit constexpr int v3 = 1; // { dg-error "an use at most one of the .constinit. and .constexpr. specifiers" }
 
-extern static constinit int v4; // { dg-error "conflicting specifiers" }
+extern static constinit int v4; // { dg-error "'static' specifier conflicts with 'extern'" }
 extern thread_local constinit int v5;
 extern constinit int v6;
 

	Jakub



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