[PATCH v2] libcpp: Implement -Wbidirectional for CVE-2021-42574 [PR103026]

Marek Polacek polacek@redhat.com
Tue Nov 2 19:52:05 GMT 2021


On Tue, Nov 02, 2021 at 01:20:03PM -0600, Martin Sebor wrote:
> On 11/2/21 11:18 AM, Marek Polacek via Gcc-patches wrote:
> > On Mon, Nov 01, 2021 at 10:10:40PM +0000, Joseph Myers wrote:
> > > On Mon, 1 Nov 2021, Marek Polacek via Gcc-patches wrote:
> > > 
> > > > +  /* We've read a bidi char, update the current vector as necessary.  */
> > > > +  void on_char (kind k, bool ucn_p)
> > > > +  {
> > > > +    switch (k)
> > > > +      {
> > > > +      case kind::LRE:
> > > > +      case kind::RLE:
> > > > +      case kind::LRO:
> > > > +      case kind::RLO:
> > > > +	vec.push (ucn_p ? 3u : 1u);
> > > > +	break;
> > > > +      case kind::LRI:
> > > > +      case kind::RLI:
> > > > +      case kind::FSI:
> > > > +	vec.push (ucn_p ? 2u : 0u);
> > > > +	break;
> > > > +      case kind::PDF:
> > > > +	if (current_ctx () == kind::PDF)
> > > > +	  pop ();
> > > > +	break;
> > > > +      case kind::PDI:
> > > > +	if (current_ctx () == kind::PDI)
> > > > +	  pop ();
> > > 
> > > My understanding is that PDI should pop all intermediate PDF contexts
> > > outward to a PDI context, which it also pops.  (But if it's embedded only
> > > in PDF contexts, with no PDI context containing it, it doesn't pop
> > > anything.)
> > > 
> > > I think failing to handle that only means libcpp sometimes models there
> > > as being more bidirectional contexts open than there should be, so it
> > > might give spurious warnings when in fact all such contexts had been
> > > closed by end of string or comment.
> > 
> > Ah, you're right.
> > https://www.unicode.org/reports/tr9/#Terminating_Explicit_Directional_Isolates
> > says that "[PDI] terminates the scope of the last LRI, RLI, or FSI whose
> > scope has not yet been terminated, as well as the scopes of any subsequent
> > LREs, RLEs, LROs, or RLOs whose scopes have not yet been terminated."
> > but PDF doesn't have the latter quirk.
> > 
> > Fixed in the below: I added a suitable truncate into on_char.  The new test
> > Wbidirectional-14.c exercises the handling of PDI.
> > 
> > Bootstrapped/regtested on x86_64-pc-linux-gnu, ok for trunk?
> > 
> > -- >8 --
> >  From a link below:
> > "An issue was discovered in the Bidirectional Algorithm in the Unicode
> > Specification through 14.0. It permits the visual reordering of
> > characters via control sequences, which can be used to craft source code
> > that renders different logic than the logical ordering of tokens
> > ingested by compilers and interpreters. Adversaries can leverage this to
> > encode source code for compilers accepting Unicode such that targeted
> > vulnerabilities are introduced invisibly to human reviewers."
> > 
> > More info:
> > https://nvd.nist.gov/vuln/detail/CVE-2021-42574
> > https://trojansource.codes/
> > 
> > This is not a compiler bug.  However, to mitigate the problem, this patch
> > implements -Wbidirectional=[none|unpaired|any] to warn about possibly
> > misleading Unicode bidirectional characters the preprocessor may encounter.
> 
> Birectional sounds very general.  Can we come up with a name
> that's a bit more descriptive of the problem the warning reports?
> From skimming the docs and the tests it looks like the warning
> points out uses of bidirectonal characters in the program source
> code as well as comments.  Would -Wbidirectional-text be better?
> Or -Wbidirectional-chars?  (If Clang is also adding a warning
> for this, syncing up with them one way or the other might be
> helpful.)

I dunno, I could go with -Wbidirectional-chars.  Does anyone else
think I should rename the current name to -Wbidirectional-chars?

Other ideas: -Wunicode-bidi / -Wmultibyte-chars / -Wmisleading-bidirectional.

The patch for clang-tidy I saw called this misleading-bidirectional.

> ...
> > diff --git a/gcc/doc/invoke.texi b/gcc/doc/invoke.texi
> > index c5730228821..9dfb95dc24c 100644
> > --- a/gcc/doc/invoke.texi
> > +++ b/gcc/doc/invoke.texi
> > @@ -327,7 +327,9 @@ Objective-C and Objective-C++ Dialects}.
> >   -Warith-conversion @gol
> >   -Warray-bounds  -Warray-bounds=@var{n}  -Warray-compare @gol
> >   -Wno-attributes  -Wattribute-alias=@var{n} -Wno-attribute-alias @gol
> > --Wno-attribute-warning  -Wbool-compare  -Wbool-operation @gol
> > +-Wno-attribute-warning  @gol
> > +-Wbidirectional=@r{[}none@r{|}unpaired@r{|}any@r{]} @gol
> > +-Wbool-compare  -Wbool-operation @gol
> >   -Wno-builtin-declaration-mismatch @gol
> >   -Wno-builtin-macro-redefined  -Wc90-c99-compat  -Wc99-c11-compat @gol
> >   -Wc11-c2x-compat @gol
> > @@ -7674,6 +7676,21 @@ Attributes considered include @code{alloc_align}, @code{alloc_size},
> >   This is the default.  You can disable these warnings with either
> >   @option{-Wno-attribute-alias} or @option{-Wattribute-alias=0}.
> > +@item -Wbidirectional=@r{[}none@r{|}unpaired@r{|}any@r{]}
> > +@opindex Wbidirectional=
> > +@opindex Wbidirectional
> > +@opindex Wno-bidirectional
> > +Warn about UTF-8 bidirectional characters.
> 
> I suggest to mention where.  If everywhere, enumerate the most
> common contexts to make it clear it means everywhere:
> 
>   Warn about UTF-8 bidirectional characters in source code,
>   including string literals, identifiers, and comments.

OK, I've updated the text to:

Warn about possibly misleading UTF-8 bidirectional characters in comments,
string literals, character constants, and identifiers.

Marek



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