[PATCH][version 3]add -ftrivial-auto-var-init and variable attribute "uninitialized" to gcc

Richard Biener rguenther@suse.de
Fri Jun 11 11:04:09 GMT 2021


On Tue, 8 Jun 2021, Kees Cook wrote:

> On Tue, Jun 08, 2021 at 09:41:38AM +0200, Richard Biener wrote:
> > On Mon, 7 Jun 2021, Qing Zhao wrote:
> > 
> > > Hi, 
> > > 
> > > > On Jun 7, 2021, at 2:53 AM, Richard Biener <rguenther@suse.de> wrote:
> > > > 
> > > >> 
> > > >> To address the above suggestion:
> > > >> 
> > > >> My study shows: the call to __builtin_clear_padding is expanded during gimplification phase.
> > > >> And there is no __bultin_clear_padding expanding during rtx expanding phase.
> > > >> However, for -ftrivial-auto-var-init, padding initialization should be done both in gimplification phase and rtx expanding phase.
> > > >> since the __builtin_clear_padding might not be good for rtx expanding, reusing __builtin_clear_padding might not work.
> > > >> 
> > > >> Let me know if you have any more comments on this.
> > > > 
> > > > Yes, I didn't suggest to literally emit calls to __builtin_clear_padding 
> > > > but instead to leverage the lowering code, more specifically share the
> > > > code that figures _what_ is to be initialized (where the padding is)
> > > > and eventually the actual code generation pieces.  That might need some
> > > > refactoring but the code where padding resides should be present only
> > > > a single time (since it's quite complex).
> > > 
> > > Okay, I see your point here.
> > > 
> > > > 
> > > > Which is also why I suggested to split out the padding initialization
> > > > bits to a separate patch (and option).
> > > 
> > > Personally, I am okay with splitting padding initialization from this current patch,
> > > Kees, what’s your opinion on this? i.e, the current -ftrivial-auto-var-init will NOT initialize padding, we will add another option to 
> > > Explicitly initialize padding.
> > 
> > It would also be possible to have -fauto-var-init, -fauto-var-init-padding
> > and have -ftrivial-auto-var-init for clang compatibility enabling both.
> 
> Sounds good to me!
> 
> > Or -fauto-var-init={zero,pattern,padding} and allow
> > -fauto-var-init=pattern,padding to be specified.  Note there's also
> > padding between auto variables on the stack - that "trailing"
> > padding isn't initialized either?  (yes, GCC sorts variables to minimize
> > that padding)  For example for
> > 
> > void foo()
> > {
> >   char a[3];
> >   bar (a);
> > }
> > 
> > there's 12 bytes padding after 'a', shouldn't we initialize that?  If not,
> > why's other padding important to be initialized?
> 
> This isn't a situation that I'm aware of causing real-world problems.
> The issues have all come from padding within an addressable object. I
> haven't tested Clang's behavior on this (and I have no kernel tests for
> this padding), but I do check for trailing padding, like:
> 
> struct test_trailing_hole {
>         char *one;
>         char *two;
>         char *three;
>         char four;
>         /* "sizeof(unsigned long) - 1" byte padding hole here. */
> };

Any justification why tail padding for

 struct foo { double x; char x[3]; } a;

is important but not for

 char x[3];

?  It does look like an odd inconsistency to me.

Richard.


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