[PATCH][AArch64] Use preferred aliases for CSNEG, CSINC, CSINV

Kyrill Tkachov kyrylo.tkachov@arm.com
Mon Sep 21 13:25:00 GMT 2015

Hi Andrew,

On 12/09/15 02:15, Andrew Pinski wrote:
> On Tue, Sep 1, 2015 at 6:08 PM, Kyrill Tkachov <kyrylo.tkachov@arm.com> wrote:
>> Hi all,
>> The ARMv8-A reference manual says:
>> "CNEG <Wd>, <Wn>, <cond>
>> is equivalent to
>> CSNEG <Wd>, <Wn>, <Wn>, invert(<cond>)
>> and is the preferred disassembly when Rn == Rm && cond != '111x'."
>> That is, when the two input registers are the same we can use the shorter
>> CNEG mnemonic
>> with the inverse condition instead of the longer CSNEG instruction.
>> Similarly for the
>> CSINV and CSINC instructions, they have shorter CINV and CINC forms.
>> This patch adjusts the output templates to emit the preferred shorter
>> sequences when possible.
>> The new mnemonics are just aliases, they map down to the same instruction in
>> the end, so there
>> are no performance or behaviour implications. But it does make the assembly
>> a bit more readable
>> IMO, since:
>> "cneg    w27, w9, le"
>> can be simply read as "if the condition is less or equal negate w9" instead
>> of the previous:
>> "csneg    w27, w9, w9, gt" where you have to remember which of the input
>> registers is negated.
>> Bootstrapped and tested on aarch64-linux-gnu.
>> Ok for trunk?
> I really think this kind of special casing is not correct and does not
> belong in the compiler.  The main reason it complicates the back-end
> more than the benefit of easier of reading the assembly code.

<sorry for the delay>.
The complication is an extra if-else statement with
explicit strings on each arm i.e. there's no snprintf trickery.
I tend to read a lot of the generated assembly when performing assembly
comparisons while working on performance patches and I find that having
the cneg from with two register operands and the negate condition is quicker
to parse than the full csneg form where I need to remember that extra bit
of info that the condition there must be inverted to get the negation condition.

If you feel very strongly against this I can withdraw this patch, but I'd rather have it in.
FWIW, clang also emits the CNEG when it can AFAICS, though I admit that's not necessarily a strong
argument for this change.


> Thanks,
> Andrew Pinski
>> Thanks,
>> Kyrill
>> 2015-09-01  Kyrylo Tkachov  <kyrylo.tkachov@arm.com>
>>      * config/aarch64/aarch64.md (csinc3<mode>_insn): Use CINC
>>      mnemonic when possible.
>>      (*csinv3<mode>_insn): Use CINV mnemonic when possible.
>>      (csneg3<mode>_insn): USE CNEG mnemonic when possible.
>> 2015-09-01  Kyrylo Tkachov  <kyrylo.tkachov@arm.com>
>>      * gcc.target/aarch64/abs_1.c: Update scan-assembler checks
>>      to allow cneg.
>>      * gcc.target/aarch64/cond_op_imm_1.c: Likewise.  Likewise for cinv.
>>      * gcc.target/aarch64/mod_2.c: Likewise.

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