[PATCH 0/5] Fix handling of word subregs of wide registers

Richard Sandiford richard.sandiford@arm.com
Fri Sep 19 07:24:00 GMT 2014

Jeff Law <law@redhat.com> writes:
> On 09/18/14 04:07, Richard Sandiford wrote:
>> This series is a cleaned-up version of:
>>      https://gcc.gnu.org/ml/gcc/2014-03/msg00163.html
>> The underlying problem is that the semantics of subregs depend on the
>> word size.  You can't have a subreg for byte 2 of a 4-byte word, say,
>> but you can have a subreg for word 2 of a 4-word value (as well as lowpart
>> subregs of that word, etc.).  This causes problems when an architecture has
>> wider-than-word registers, since the addressability of a word can then depend
>> on which register class is used.
>> The register allocators need to fix up cases where a subreg turns out to
>> be invalid for a particular class.  This is really an extension of what
>> we need to do for CANNOT_CHANGE_MODE_CLASS.
>> Tested on x86_64-linux-gnu, powerpc64-linux-gnu and aarch64_be-elf.
> I thought we fixed these problems long ago with the change to subreg_byte?!?

No, that was fixing something else.  (I'm just about old enough to remember
that too!)  The problem here is that (say):

    (subreg:SI (reg:DI X) 4)

is independently addressable on little-endian AArch32 if X assigned
to a GPR, but not if X is assigned to a vector register.  We need
to allow these kinds of subreg on pseudos in order to decompose multiword
arithmetic.  It's then up to the RA to realise that a reload would be
needed if X were assigned to a vector register, since the upper half
of a vector register cannot be independently accessed.

Note that you could write this example even with the old word-style offsets
and IIRC the effect would have been the same.


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