[PATCH] New IPA-CP with real function cloning

Martin Jambor mjambor@suse.cz
Wed Jun 15 15:41:00 GMT 2011


Hi,

this is an updated version of a patch I've posted here before:

http://gcc.gnu.org/ml/gcc-patches/2011-06/msg00557.html

It is a new IPA-CP that now works well with the alias infrastructure
Honza introduced over the weekend.  It applies to revision 174986.

Everything in the previous email still applies.  It bootstraps and
tests well and Honza even tried LTO-building Firefox with it and it
survived.  It brings about big speedup on c-ray, SPEC 2006 numbers are
within noise.

I intend to briefly introduce it at the Gathering in London this
weekend and have a small session about its possible future uses.

As in the previous case, below you'll find the new ipa-prop.h and
ipa-cp.c, the actual context diff is attached.  I believe it is more
convenient that way.

Thanks a lot for any comments,

Martin


2011-06-14  Martin Jambor  <mjambor@suse.cz>

	* ipa-prop.h: Include alloc-pool.h.
	(ipa_lattice_type): Removed.
	(ipcp_value_source): New type.
	(ipcp_value): Likewise.
	(ipcp_values_pool): Declare.
	(ipcp_sources_pool): Likewise.
	(ipa_param_descriptor): Removed.
	(ipcp_lattice): Removed fileds type and constant. Added fields decl,
	values, values_count, contains_variable, bottom, used and virt_call.
	(ipa_node_params): New fields lattices, known_vals,
	clone_for_all_contexts and noe dead, removed fields params and
	count_scale.
	(ipa_get_param): Updated.
	(ipa_param_cannot_devirtualize_p): Removed.
	(ipa_param_types_vec_empty): Likewise.
	(ipa_edge_args): New field next_edge_clone.
	(ipa_func_list): Removed.
	(ipa_init_func_list): Removed declaration.
	(ipa_push_func_to_list_1): Likewise.
	(ipa_pop_func_from_list): Likewise.
	(ipa_push_func_to_list): Removed.
	(ipa_lattice_from_jfunc): Remove declaration.
	(ipa_get_jf_pass_through_result): Declare.
	(ipa_get_jf_ancestor_result): Likewise.
	(ipa_value_from_jfunc): Likewise.
	(ipa_get_lattice): Update.
	(ipa_lat_is_single_const): New function.
	* ipa-prop.c (ipa_push_func_to_list_1): Removed.
	(ipa_init_func_list): Likewise.
	(ipa_pop_func_from_list): Likewise.
	(ipa_get_param_decl_index): Fix coding style.
	(ipa_populate_param_decls): Update to use new lattices.
	(ipa_initialize_node_params): Likewise.
	(visit_ref_for_mod_analysis): Likewise.
	(ipa_analyze_params_uses): Likewise.
	(ipa_free_node_params_substructures): Likewise.
	(ipa_edge_duplication_hook): Add the new edge to the list of edge
	clones.
	(ipa_node_duplication_hook): Update to use new lattices.
	(ipa_free_all_structures_after_ipa_cp): Free alloc pools.
	(ipa_free_all_structures_after_iinln): Likewise.
	(ipa_write_node_info): Update to use new lattices.
	(ipa_read_node_info): Likewise.
	(ipa_get_jf_pass_through_result): New function.
	(ipa_get_jf_ancestor_result): Likewise.
	(ipa_value_from_jfunc): Likewise.
	(ipa_cst_from_jfunc): Reimplemented using ipa_value_from_jfunc.
	* ipa-cp.c: Reimplemented.
	* params.def (PARAM_DEVIRT_TYPE_LIST_SIZE): Removed.
	(PARAM_IPA_CP_VALUE_LIST_SIZE): New parameter.
	* Makefile.in (IPA_PROP_H): Added alloc-pool.h to dependencies.

	* doc/invoke.texi (devirt-type-list-size): Removed description.
	(ipa-cp-value-list-size): Added description.

	* testsuite/gcc.dg/ipa/ipa-1.c: Updated testcase dump scan.
	* testsuite/gcc.dg/ipa/ipa-2.c: Likewise.
	* testsuite/gcc.dg/ipa/ipa-3.c: Likewise and made functions static.
	* testsuite/gcc.dg/ipa/ipa-4.c: Updated testcase dump scan.
	* testsuite/gcc.dg/ipa/ipa-5.c: Likewise.
	* testsuite/gcc.dg/ipa/ipa-7.c: Xfail test.
	* testsuite/gcc.dg/ipa/ipa-8.c: Updated testcase dump scan.
	* testsuite/gcc.dg/ipa/ipacost-1.c: Likewise.
	* testsuite/gcc.dg/ipa/ipacost-2.c: Likewise.
	* testsuite/gcc.dg/ipa/ipcp-1.c: New test.
	* testsuite/gcc.dg/ipa/ipcp-2.c: Likewise.
	* testsuite/gcc.dg/tree-ssa/ipa-cp-1.c: Updated testcase.

==================== ipa-prop.h ====================

/* Interprocedural analyses.
   Copyright (C) 2005, 2007, 2008, 2009, 2010
   Free Software Foundation, Inc.

This file is part of GCC.

GCC is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it under
the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by the Free
Software Foundation; either version 3, or (at your option) any later
version.

GCC is distributed in the hope that it will be useful, but WITHOUT ANY
WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of MERCHANTABILITY or
FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the GNU General Public License
for more details.

You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
along with GCC; see the file COPYING3.  If not see
<http://www.gnu.org/licenses/>.  */

#ifndef IPA_PROP_H
#define IPA_PROP_H

#include "tree.h"
#include "vec.h"
#include "cgraph.h"
#include "gimple.h"
#include "alloc-pool.h"

/* The following definitions and interfaces are used by
   interprocedural analyses or parameters.  */

/* ipa-prop.c stuff (ipa-cp, indirect inlining):  */

/* A jump function for a callsite represents the values passed as actual
   arguments of the callsite. There are three main types of values :

   Pass-through - the caller's formal parameter is passed as an actual
                  argument, possibly one simple operation performed on it.
   Constant     - a constant (is_gimple_ip_invariant)is passed as an actual
                  argument.
   Unknown      - neither of the above.

   IPA_JF_CONST_MEMBER_PTR stands for C++ member pointers, it is a special
   constant in this regard.  Other constants are represented with IPA_JF_CONST.

   IPA_JF_ANCESTOR is a special pass-through jump function, which means that
   the result is an address of a part of the object pointed to by the formal
   parameter to which the function refers.  It is mainly intended to represent
   getting addresses of of ancestor fields in C++
   (e.g. &this_1(D)->D.1766.D.1756).  Note that if the original pointer is
   NULL, ancestor jump function must behave like a simple pass-through.

   Other pass-through functions can either simply pass on an unchanged formal
   parameter or can apply one simple binary operation to it (such jump
   functions are called polynomial).

   IPA_JF_KNOWN_TYPE is a special type of an "unknown" function that applies
   only to pointer parameters.  It means that even though we cannot prove that
   the passed value is an interprocedural constant, we still know the exact
   type of the containing object which may be valuable for devirtualization.

   Jump functions are computed in ipa-prop.c by function
   update_call_notes_after_inlining.  Some information can be lost and jump
   functions degraded accordingly when inlining, see
   update_call_notes_after_inlining in the same file.  */

enum jump_func_type
{
  IPA_JF_UNKNOWN = 0,  /* newly allocated and zeroed jump functions default */
  IPA_JF_KNOWN_TYPE,        /* represented by field base_binfo */
  IPA_JF_CONST,             /* represented by field costant */
  IPA_JF_CONST_MEMBER_PTR,  /* represented by field member_cst */
  IPA_JF_PASS_THROUGH,	    /* represented by field pass_through */
  IPA_JF_ANCESTOR	    /* represented by field ancestor */
};

/* Structure holding data required to describe a pass-through jump function.  */

struct GTY(()) ipa_pass_through_data
{
  /* If an operation is to be performed on the original parameter, this is the
     second (constant) operand.  */
  tree operand;
  /* Number of the caller's formal parameter being passed.  */
  int formal_id;
  /* Operation that is performed on the argument before it is passed on.
     NOP_EXPR means no operation.  Otherwise oper must be a simple binary
     arithmetic operation where the caller's parameter is the first operand and
     operand field from this structure is the second one.  */
  enum tree_code operation;
};

/* Structure holding data required to describe an ancestor pass-through
   jump function.  */

struct GTY(()) ipa_ancestor_jf_data
{
  /* Offset of the field representing the ancestor.  */
  HOST_WIDE_INT offset;
  /* TYpe of the result.  */
  tree type;
  /* Number of the caller's formal parameter being passed.  */
  int formal_id;
};

/* Structure holding a C++ member pointer constant.  Holds a pointer to the
   method and delta offset.  */
struct GTY(()) ipa_member_ptr_cst
{
  tree pfn;
  tree delta;
};

/* A jump function for a callsite represents the values passed as actual
   arguments of the callsite. See enum jump_func_type for the various
   types of jump functions supported.  */
struct GTY (()) ipa_jump_func
{
  enum jump_func_type type;
  /* Represents a value of a jump function.  pass_through is used only in jump
     function context.  constant represents the actual constant in constant jump
     functions and member_cst holds constant c++ member functions.  */
  union jump_func_value
  {
    tree GTY ((tag ("IPA_JF_KNOWN_TYPE"))) base_binfo;
    tree GTY ((tag ("IPA_JF_CONST"))) constant;
    struct ipa_member_ptr_cst GTY ((tag ("IPA_JF_CONST_MEMBER_PTR"))) member_cst;
    struct ipa_pass_through_data GTY ((tag ("IPA_JF_PASS_THROUGH"))) pass_through;
    struct ipa_ancestor_jf_data GTY ((tag ("IPA_JF_ANCESTOR"))) ancestor;
  } GTY ((desc ("%1.type"))) value;
};

struct ipcp_value;

/* Describes a particular source for an IPA-CP value.  */

struct ipcp_value_source
{
  /* The incoming edge that brought the value.  */
  struct cgraph_edge *cs;
  /* If the jump function that resulted into his value was a pass-through or an
     ancestor, this is the ipcp_value of the caller from which the described
     value has been derived.  Otherwise it is NULL.  */
  struct ipcp_value *val;
  /* Next pointer in a linked list of sources of a value.  */
  struct ipcp_value_source *next;
  /* If the jump function that resulted into his value was a pass-through or an
     ancestor, this is the index of the parameter of the caller the jump
     function references.  */
  int index;
};

/* Describes one particular value stored in struct ipcp_lattice.  */

struct ipcp_value
{
  /* The actual value for the given parameter.  This is either an IPA invariant
     or a TREE_BINFO describing a type that can be used for
     devirtualization.  */
  tree value;
  /* The list of sources from which this value originates.  */
  struct ipcp_value_source *sources;
  /* Next pointers in a linked list of all values in a lattice.  */
  struct ipcp_value *next;
  /* Next pointers in a linked list of values in a strongly connected component
     of values. */
  struct ipcp_value *scc_next;
  /* Next pointers in a linked list of SCCs of values sorted topologically
     according their sources.  */
  struct ipcp_value  *topo_next;
  /* A specialized node created for this value, NULL if none has been (so far)
     created.  */
  struct cgraph_node *spec_node;
  /* Depth first search number and low link for topological sorting of
     values.  */
  int dfs, low_link;
  /* Time benefit and size cost that specializing the function for this value
     would bring about in this function alone.  */
  int local_time_benefit, local_size_cost;
  /* Time benefit and size cost that specializing the function for this value
     can bring about in it's callees (transitively).  */
  int prop_time_benefit, prop_size_cost;
  /* True if this valye is currently on the topo-sort stack.  */
  bool on_stack;
};

extern alloc_pool ipcp_values_pool;
extern alloc_pool ipcp_sources_pool;

/* Lattice describing potential values of a formal parameter of a function and
   some of their other properties.  */

struct ipcp_lattice
{
  /* PARAM_DECL of this parameter.  */
  tree decl;

  /* The list of known values and types in this lattice.  */
  struct ipcp_value *values;
  /* Number of known values and types in this lattice.  */
  int values_count;
  /* The lattice contains a variable component  (in addition to values).  */
  bool contains_variable;
  /* The value of the lattice is bottom (i.e. variable and unusable for any
     propagation).  */
  bool bottom;
  /* The parameter is used.  */
  bool used;
  /* There is a virtual call based on this parameter.  */
  bool virt_call;
};

/* ipa_node_params stores information related to formal parameters of functions
   and some other information for interprocedural passes that operate on
   parameters (such as ipa-cp).  */
struct ipa_node_params
{
  /* Pointer to an array of structures describing individual formal
     parameters.  */
  struct ipcp_lattice *lattices;
  /* Only for versioned nodes this field would not be NULL,
     it points to the node that IPA cp cloned from.  */
  struct cgraph_node *ipcp_orig_node;
  /* Number of formal parameters of this function.  When set to 0, this
     function's parameters would not be analyzed by IPA CP.  */

  /* If this node is an ipa-cp clone, these are the known values that describe
     what it has been specialized for.  */
  VEC (tree, heap) *known_vals;
  int param_count;
  /* Whether this function is called with variable number of actual
     arguments.  */
  unsigned called_with_var_arguments : 1;
  /* Set when it is possible to create specialized versions of this node.  */
  unsigned node_versionable : 1;
  /* Whether the param uses analysis has already been performed.  */
  unsigned uses_analysis_done : 1;
  /* Whether the function is enqueued in ipa-cp propagation stack.  */
  unsigned node_enqueued : 1;
  /* Whether we should create a specialized version based on values that are
     known to be constant in all contexts.  */
  unsigned clone_for_all_contexts : 1;
  /* Node has been completely replaced by clones and will be removed after
     ipa-cp is finished.  */
  unsigned node_dead : 1;
};

/* ipa_node_params access functions.  Please use these to access fields that
   are or will be shared among various passes.  */

/* Set the number of formal parameters. */

static inline void
ipa_set_param_count (struct ipa_node_params *info, int count)
{
  info->param_count = count;
}

/* Return the number of formal parameters. */

static inline int
ipa_get_param_count (struct ipa_node_params *info)
{
  return info->param_count;
}

/* Return the declaration of Ith formal parameter of the function corresponding
   to INFO.  Note there is no setter function as this array is built just once
   using ipa_initialize_node_params. */

static inline tree
ipa_get_param (struct ipa_node_params *info, int i)
{
  gcc_assert (i >= 0 && i <= info->param_count);
  return info->lattices[i].decl;
}

/* Return the used flag corresponding to the Ith formal parameter of
   the function associated with INFO.  */

static inline bool
ipa_is_param_used (struct ipa_node_params *info, int i)
{
  gcc_assert (i >= 0 && i <= info->param_count);
  return info->lattices[i].used;
}

/* Flag this node as having callers with variable number of arguments.  */

static inline void
ipa_set_called_with_variable_arg (struct ipa_node_params *info)
{
  info->called_with_var_arguments = 1;
}

/* Have we detected this node was called with variable number of arguments? */

static inline bool
ipa_is_called_with_var_arguments (struct ipa_node_params *info)
{
  return info->called_with_var_arguments;
}



/* ipa_edge_args stores information related to a callsite and particularly its
   arguments.  It can be accessed by the IPA_EDGE_REF macro.  */
typedef struct GTY(()) ipa_edge_args
{
  /* Next pointer in a linked list of clones of the same function.  */
  struct cgraph_edge *next_edge_clone;

  /* Number of actual arguments in this callsite.  When set to 0,
     this callsite's parameters would not be analyzed by the different
     stages of IPA CP.  */
  int argument_count;
  /* Array of the callsite's jump function of each parameter.  */
  struct ipa_jump_func GTY ((length ("%h.argument_count"))) *jump_functions;
} ipa_edge_args_t;

/* ipa_edge_args access functions.  Please use these to access fields that
   are or will be shared among various passes.  */

/* Set the number of actual arguments. */

static inline void
ipa_set_cs_argument_count (struct ipa_edge_args *args, int count)
{
  args->argument_count = count;
}

/* Return the number of actual arguments. */

static inline int
ipa_get_cs_argument_count (struct ipa_edge_args *args)
{
  return args->argument_count;
}

/* Returns a pointer to the jump function for the ith argument.  Please note
   there is no setter function as jump functions are all set up in
   ipa_compute_jump_functions. */

static inline struct ipa_jump_func *
ipa_get_ith_jump_func (struct ipa_edge_args *args, int i)
{
  gcc_assert (i >= 0 && i <= args->argument_count);
  return &args->jump_functions[i];
}

/* Vectors need to have typedefs of structures.  */
typedef struct ipa_node_params ipa_node_params_t;

/* Types of vectors holding the infos.  */
DEF_VEC_O (ipa_node_params_t);
DEF_VEC_ALLOC_O (ipa_node_params_t, heap);
DEF_VEC_O (ipa_edge_args_t);
DEF_VEC_ALLOC_O (ipa_edge_args_t, gc);

/* Vector where the parameter infos are actually stored. */
extern VEC (ipa_node_params_t, heap) *ipa_node_params_vector;
/* Vector where the parameter infos are actually stored. */
extern GTY(()) VEC (ipa_edge_args_t, gc) *ipa_edge_args_vector;

/* Return the associated parameter/argument info corresponding to the given
   node/edge.  */
#define IPA_NODE_REF(NODE) (VEC_index (ipa_node_params_t, \
				       ipa_node_params_vector, (NODE)->uid))
#define IPA_EDGE_REF(EDGE) (VEC_index (ipa_edge_args_t, \
				       ipa_edge_args_vector, (EDGE)->uid))
/* This macro checks validity of index returned by
   ipa_get_param_decl_index function.  */
#define IS_VALID_JUMP_FUNC_INDEX(I) ((I) != -1)

/* Creating and freeing ipa_node_params and ipa_edge_args.  */
void ipa_create_all_node_params (void);
void ipa_create_all_edge_args (void);
void ipa_free_edge_args_substructures (struct ipa_edge_args *);
void ipa_free_node_params_substructures (struct ipa_node_params *);
void ipa_free_all_node_params (void);
void ipa_free_all_edge_args (void);
void ipa_create_all_structures_for_iinln (void);
void ipa_free_all_structures_after_ipa_cp (void);
void ipa_free_all_structures_after_iinln (void);
void ipa_register_cgraph_hooks (void);

/* This function ensures the array of node param infos is big enough to
   accommodate a structure for all nodes and reallocates it if not.  */

static inline void
ipa_check_create_node_params (void)
{
  if (!ipa_node_params_vector)
    ipa_node_params_vector = VEC_alloc (ipa_node_params_t, heap,
					cgraph_max_uid);

  if (VEC_length (ipa_node_params_t, ipa_node_params_vector)
      <= (unsigned) cgraph_max_uid)
    VEC_safe_grow_cleared (ipa_node_params_t, heap,
			   ipa_node_params_vector, cgraph_max_uid + 1);
}

/* This function ensures the array of edge arguments infos is big enough to
   accommodate a structure for all edges and reallocates it if not.  */

static inline void
ipa_check_create_edge_args (void)
{
  if (!ipa_edge_args_vector)
    ipa_edge_args_vector = VEC_alloc (ipa_edge_args_t, gc,
				      cgraph_edge_max_uid);

  if (VEC_length (ipa_edge_args_t, ipa_edge_args_vector)
      <=  (unsigned) cgraph_edge_max_uid)
    VEC_safe_grow_cleared (ipa_edge_args_t, gc, ipa_edge_args_vector,
			   cgraph_edge_max_uid + 1);
}

/* Returns true if the array of edge infos is large enough to accommodate an
   info for EDGE.  The main purpose of this function is that debug dumping
   function can check info availability without causing reallocations.  */

static inline bool
ipa_edge_args_info_available_for_edge_p (struct cgraph_edge *edge)
{
  return ((unsigned) edge->uid < VEC_length (ipa_edge_args_t,
					     ipa_edge_args_vector));
}

/* Function formal parameters related computations.  */
void ipa_initialize_node_params (struct cgraph_node *node);
bool ipa_propagate_indirect_call_infos (struct cgraph_edge *cs,
					VEC (cgraph_edge_p, heap) **new_edges);

/* Indirect edge and binfo processing.  */
struct cgraph_edge *ipa_make_edge_direct_to_target (struct cgraph_edge *, tree,
						    tree);

/* Functions related to both.  */
void ipa_analyze_node (struct cgraph_node *);

/* Debugging interface.  */
void ipa_print_node_params (FILE *, struct cgraph_node *node);
void ipa_print_all_params (FILE *);
void ipa_print_node_jump_functions (FILE *f, struct cgraph_node *node);
void ipa_print_all_jump_functions (FILE * f);

/* Structure to describe transformations of formal parameters and actual
   arguments.  Each instance describes one new parameter and they are meant to
   be stored in a vector.  Additionally, most users will probably want to store
   adjustments about parameters that are being removed altogether so that SSA
   names belonging to them can be replaced by SSA names of an artificial
   variable.  */
struct ipa_parm_adjustment
{
  /* The original PARM_DECL itself, helpful for processing of the body of the
     function itself.  Intended for traversing function bodies.
     ipa_modify_formal_parameters, ipa_modify_call_arguments and
     ipa_combine_adjustments ignore this and use base_index.
     ipa_modify_formal_parameters actually sets this.  */
  tree base;

  /* Type of the new parameter.  However, if by_ref is true, the real type will
     be a pointer to this type.  */
  tree type;

  /* Alias refrerence type to be used in MEM_REFs when adjusting caller
     arguments.  */
  tree alias_ptr_type;

  /* The new declaration when creating/replacing a parameter.  Created by
     ipa_modify_formal_parameters, useful for functions modifying the body
     accordingly. */
  tree reduction;

  /* New declaration of a substitute variable that we may use to replace all
     non-default-def ssa names when a parm decl is going away.  */
  tree new_ssa_base;

  /* If non-NULL and the original parameter is to be removed (copy_param below
     is NULL), this is going to be its nonlocalized vars value.  */
  tree nonlocal_value;

  /* Offset into the original parameter (for the cases when the new parameter
     is a component of an original one).  */
  HOST_WIDE_INT offset;

  /* Zero based index of the original parameter this one is based on.  (ATM
     there is no way to insert a new parameter out of the blue because there is
     no need but if it arises the code can be easily exteded to do so.)  */
  int base_index;

  /* This new parameter is an unmodified parameter at index base_index. */
  unsigned copy_param : 1;

  /* This adjustment describes a parameter that is about to be removed
     completely.  Most users will probably need to book keep those so that they
     don't leave behinfd any non default def ssa names belonging to them.  */
  unsigned remove_param : 1;

  /* The parameter is to be passed by reference.  */
  unsigned by_ref : 1;
};

typedef struct ipa_parm_adjustment ipa_parm_adjustment_t;
DEF_VEC_O (ipa_parm_adjustment_t);
DEF_VEC_ALLOC_O (ipa_parm_adjustment_t, heap);

typedef VEC (ipa_parm_adjustment_t, heap) *ipa_parm_adjustment_vec;

VEC(tree, heap) *ipa_get_vector_of_formal_parms (tree fndecl);
void ipa_modify_formal_parameters (tree fndecl, ipa_parm_adjustment_vec,
				   const char *);
void ipa_modify_call_arguments (struct cgraph_edge *, gimple,
				ipa_parm_adjustment_vec);
ipa_parm_adjustment_vec ipa_combine_adjustments (ipa_parm_adjustment_vec,
						 ipa_parm_adjustment_vec);
void ipa_dump_param_adjustments (FILE *, ipa_parm_adjustment_vec, tree);

void ipa_prop_write_jump_functions (cgraph_node_set set);
void ipa_prop_read_jump_functions (void);
void ipa_update_after_lto_read (void);
int ipa_get_param_decl_index (struct ipa_node_params *, tree);
tree ipa_get_jf_pass_through_result (struct ipa_jump_func *, tree);
tree ipa_get_jf_ancestor_result (struct ipa_jump_func *, tree);
tree ipa_value_from_jfunc (struct ipa_node_params *info,
			   struct ipa_jump_func *jfunc);
tree ipa_cst_from_jfunc (struct ipa_node_params *info,
			 struct ipa_jump_func *jfunc);


/* From tree-sra.c:  */
tree build_ref_for_offset (location_t, tree, HOST_WIDE_INT, tree,
			   gimple_stmt_iterator *, bool);

/* Return the lattice corresponding to the Ith formal parameter of the function
   described by INFO.  */
static inline struct ipcp_lattice *
ipa_get_lattice (struct ipa_node_params *info, int i)
{
  gcc_assert (i >= 0 && i <= info->param_count);
  return &(info->lattices[i]);
}

/* Return whether LAT is a lattice with a single constant and without an
   undefined value.  */

static inline bool
ipa_lat_is_single_const (struct ipcp_lattice *lat)
{
  if (lat->bottom
      || lat->contains_variable
      || lat->values_count != 1)
    return false;
  else
    return true;
}

#endif /* IPA_PROP_H */

==================== ipa-cp.c ====================

/* Interprocedural constant propagation
   Copyright (C) 2005, 2006, 2007, 2008, 2009, 2010, 2011
   Free Software Foundation, Inc.
   Contributed by Razya Ladelsky <RAZYA@il.ibm.com>

This file is part of GCC.

GCC is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it under
the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by the Free
Software Foundation; either version 3, or (at your option) any later
version.

GCC is distributed in the hope that it will be useful, but WITHOUT ANY
WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of MERCHANTABILITY or
FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the GNU General Public License
for more details.

You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
along with GCC; see the file COPYING3.  If not see
<http://www.gnu.org/licenses/>.  */

/* Interprocedural constant propagation (IPA-CP).

   The goal of this transformation is to

   1) discover functions which are always invoked with some arguments with the
      same known constant values and modify the functions so that the
      subsequent optimizations can take advantage of the knowledge, and

   2) create specialized versions of functions transformed in this way if
      some parameters are known constants only in certain contexts but the
      estimated tradeoff between speedup and cost size is deemed good.

   The algorithm also propagates types and attempts to perform type based
   devirtualization.  Types are propagated much like constants.

   The algorithm basically consists of three stages.  In the first, functions
   are analyzed one at a time and jump functions are constructed for all known
   call-sites.  In the second phase, the pass propagates information from the
   jump functions across the call to reveal what values are available at what
   call sites, performs estimations of effects of known values on functions and
   their callees, and finally decides what specialized extra versions should be
   created.  In the third, the special versions materialize and appropriate
   calls are redirected.

   The algorithm used is to a certain extent based on "Interprocedural Constant
   Propagation", by David Callahan, Keith D Cooper, Ken Kennedy, Linda Torczon,
   Comp86, pg 152-161 and "A Methodology for Procedure Cloning" by Keith D
   Cooper, Mary W. Hall, and Ken Kennedy.


   First stage - intraprocedural analysis
   =======================================

   This phase computes jump_function and modification flags.

   A jump function for a call-site represents the values passed as an actual
   arguments of a given call-site. In principle, there are three types of
   values:

   Pass through - the caller's formal parameter is passed as an actual
                  argument, plus an operation on it can be performed.
   Constant - a constant is passed as an actual argument.
   Unknown - neither of the above.

   All jump function types are described in detail in ipa-prop.h, together with
   the data structures that represent them and methods of accessing them.

   ipcp_generate_summary() is the main function of the first stage.

   Second stage - interprocedural analysis
   ========================================

   This stage is itself divided into two phases.  In the first, we propagate
   known values over the call graph, in the second, we make cloning decisions.

   First, we traverse the functions topologically from callers to callees and,
   for each strongly connected component (SCC), we propagate constants
   according to previously computed jump functions.  We also record what known
   values depend on other known values and estimate local effects.  Finally, we
   propagate cumulative information about these effects from dependant values
   to those on which they depend.

   Second, we again traverse the call graph in the same topological order and
   make clones for functions which we know are called with the same values in
   all contexts and decide about extra specialized clones of functions just for
   some contexts - these decisions are based on both local estimates and
   cumulative estimates propagated from callees.

   ipcp_propagate_stage() and ipcp_decision_stage() together constitute the
   third stage.

   Third phase - materialization of clones, call statement updates.
   ============================================

   This stage is currently performed by call graph code (mainly in cgraphunit.c
   and tree-inline.c) according to instructions inserted to the call graph by
   the second stage.  */

#include "config.h"
#include "system.h"
#include "coretypes.h"
#include "tree.h"
#include "target.h"
#include "gimple.h"
#include "cgraph.h"
#include "ipa-prop.h"
#include "tree-flow.h"
#include "tree-pass.h"
#include "flags.h"
#include "timevar.h"
#include "diagnostic.h"
#include "tree-pretty-print.h"
#include "tree-dump.h"
#include "tree-inline.h"
#include "fibheap.h"
#include "params.h"
#include "ipa-inline.h"
#include "ipa-utils.h"

/* Maximal count found in program.  */

static gcov_type max_count;

/* Original overall size of the program.  */

static long overall_size, max_new_size;

/* Allocation pools for values and their sources.  */

alloc_pool ipcp_values_pool;
alloc_pool ipcp_sources_pool;

/* Head of the linked list of topologically sorted values. */

static struct ipcp_value *values_topo;

/* Return true iff the CS is an edge within a strongly connected component as
   computed by ipa_reduced_postorder.  */

static inline bool
edge_within_scc (struct cgraph_edge *cs)
{
  struct ipa_dfs_info *caller_dfs = (struct ipa_dfs_info *) cs->caller->aux;
  struct ipa_dfs_info *callee_dfs;
  struct cgraph_node *callee = cgraph_function_node (cs->callee, NULL);

  callee_dfs = (struct ipa_dfs_info *) callee->aux;
  return (caller_dfs
	  && callee_dfs
	  && caller_dfs->scc_no == callee_dfs->scc_no);
}

/* Print V which is extracted from a value in a lattice to F.  */

static void
print_ipcp_constant_value (FILE * f, tree v)
{
  if (TREE_CODE (v) == TREE_BINFO)
    {
      fprintf (f, "BINFO ");
      print_generic_expr (f, BINFO_TYPE (v), 0);
    }
  else if (TREE_CODE (v) == ADDR_EXPR
	   && TREE_CODE (TREE_OPERAND (v, 0)) == CONST_DECL)
    {
      fprintf (f, "& ");
      print_generic_expr (f, DECL_INITIAL (TREE_OPERAND (v, 0)), 0);
    }
  else
    print_generic_expr (f, v, 0);
}

/* Print all ipcp_lattices of all functions to F.  */

static void
print_all_lattices (FILE * f, bool dump_sources, bool dump_benefits)
{
  struct cgraph_node *node;
  int i, count;

  fprintf (f, "\nLattices:\n");
  FOR_EACH_FUNCTION_WITH_GIMPLE_BODY (node)
    {
      struct ipa_node_params *info;

      info = IPA_NODE_REF (node);
      fprintf (f, "  Node: %s/%i:\n", cgraph_node_name (node), node->uid);
      count = ipa_get_param_count (info);
      for (i = 0; i < count; i++)
	{
	  struct ipcp_lattice *lat = ipa_get_lattice (info, i);
	  struct ipcp_value *val;
	  bool prev = false;

	  fprintf (f, "    param [%d]: ", i);
	  if (lat->bottom)
	    {
	      fprintf (f, "BOTTOM\n");
	      continue;
	    }

	  if (!lat->values_count && !lat->contains_variable)
	    {
	      fprintf (f, "TOP\n");
	      continue;
	    }

	  if (lat->contains_variable)
	    {
	      fprintf (f, "VARIABLE");
	      prev = true;
	      if (dump_benefits)
		fprintf (f, "\n");
	    }

	  for (val = lat->values; val; val = val->next)
	    {
	      if (dump_benefits && prev)
		fprintf (f, "               ");
	      else if (!dump_benefits && prev)
		fprintf (f, ", ");
	      else
		prev = true;

	      print_ipcp_constant_value (f, val->value);

	      if (dump_sources)
		{
		  struct ipcp_value_source *s;

		  fprintf (f, " [from:");
		  for (s = val->sources; s; s = s->next)
		    fprintf (f, " %i(%i)", s->cs->caller->uid,s->cs->frequency);
		  fprintf (f, "]");
		}

	      if (dump_benefits)
		fprintf (f, " [loc_time: %i, loc_size: %i, "
			 "prop_time: %i, prop_size: %i]\n",
			 val->local_time_benefit, val->local_size_cost,
			 val->prop_time_benefit, val->prop_size_cost);
	    }
	  if (!dump_benefits)
	    fprintf (f, "\n");
	}
    }
}

/* Determine whether it is at all technically possible to create clones of NODE
   and store this information in the ipa_node_params structure associated
   with NODE.  */

static void
determine_versionability (struct cgraph_node *node)
{
  struct cgraph_edge *edge;
  bool res = true;

  /* There are a number of generic reasons functions cannot be versioned.  We
     also cannot remove parameters if there are type attributes such as fnspec
     present.  */
  if (node->alias || node->thunk.thunk_p
      || !inline_summary (node)->versionable
      || TYPE_ATTRIBUTES (TREE_TYPE (node->decl))
      || cgraph_function_body_availability (node) <= AVAIL_OVERWRITABLE)
    res =  false;
  else
    /* Removing arguments doesn't work if the function takes varargs
       or use __builtin_apply_args.
       FIXME: handle this together with can_change_signature flag.  */
    for (edge = node->callees; edge; edge = edge->next_callee)
      {
	tree t = edge->callee->decl;
	if (DECL_BUILT_IN_CLASS (t) == BUILT_IN_NORMAL
	    && (DECL_FUNCTION_CODE (t) == BUILT_IN_APPLY_ARGS
		|| DECL_FUNCTION_CODE (t) == BUILT_IN_VA_START))
	  {
	    res = false;
	    break;
	  };
      }

  if (!res && dump_file && node->alias && node->thunk.thunk_p)
    fprintf (dump_file, "Function %s/%i is not versionable.\n",
	     cgraph_node_name (node), node->uid);

  IPA_NODE_REF (node)->node_versionable = res;
}

/* Return true if it is at all technically possible to create clones of a
   NODE.  */

static bool
ipcp_versionable_function_p (struct cgraph_node *node)
{
  return IPA_NODE_REF (node)->node_versionable;
}

/* Structure holding accumulated information about callers of a node.  */

struct caller_statistics
{
  gcov_type count_sum;
  int n_calls, n_hot_calls, freq_sum;
};

/* Initialize fields of STAT to zeroes.  */

static inline void
init_caller_stats (struct caller_statistics *stats)
{
  stats->count_sum = 0;
  stats->n_calls = 0;
  stats->n_hot_calls = 0;
  stats->freq_sum = 0;
}

/* Worker callback of cgraph_for_node_and_aliases accumulating statistics of
   non-thunk incoming edges to NODE.  */

static bool
gather_caller_stats (struct cgraph_node *node, void *data)
{
  struct caller_statistics *stats = (struct caller_statistics *) data;
  struct cgraph_edge *cs;

  for (cs = node->callers; cs; cs = cs->next_caller)
    if (cs->caller->thunk.thunk_p)
      gather_caller_stats (cs->caller, stats);
    else
      {
	stats->count_sum += cs->count;
	stats->freq_sum += cs->frequency;
	stats->n_calls++;
	if (cgraph_maybe_hot_edge_p (cs))
	  stats->n_hot_calls ++;
      }
  return false;

}

/* Return true if this NODE is viable candidate for cloning.  */

static bool
ipcp_cloning_candidate_p (struct cgraph_node *node)
{
  struct caller_statistics stats;

  if (!cgraph_function_with_gimple_body_p (node))
    return false;

  if (!flag_ipa_cp_clone)
    {
      if (dump_file)
        fprintf (dump_file, "Not considering %s for cloning; "
		 "-fipa-cp-clone disabled.\n",
 	         cgraph_node_name (node));
      return false;
    }

  if (!optimize_function_for_speed_p (DECL_STRUCT_FUNCTION (node->decl)))
    {
      if (dump_file)
        fprintf (dump_file, "Not considering %s for cloning; "
		 "optimizing it for size.\n",
 	         cgraph_node_name (node));
      return false;
    }

  init_caller_stats (&stats);
  cgraph_for_node_and_aliases (node, gather_caller_stats, &stats, false);

  if (inline_summary (node)->self_size < stats.n_calls)
    {
      if (dump_file)
        fprintf (dump_file, "Considering %s for cloning; code might shrink.\n",
 	         cgraph_node_name (node));
      return true;
    }

  /* When profile is available and function is hot, propagate into it even if
     calls seems cold; constant propagation can improve function's speed
     significantly.  */
  if (max_count)
    {
      if (stats.count_sum > node->count * 90 / 100)
	{
	  if (dump_file)
	    fprintf (dump_file, "Considering %s for cloning; "
		     "usually called directly.\n",
		     cgraph_node_name (node));
	  return true;
        }
    }
  if (!stats.n_hot_calls)
    {
      if (dump_file)
	fprintf (dump_file, "Not considering %s for cloning; no hot calls.\n",
		 cgraph_node_name (node));
      return false;
    }
  if (dump_file)
    fprintf (dump_file, "Considering %s for cloning.\n",
	     cgraph_node_name (node));
  return true;
}

/* Arrays representing a topological ordering of call graph nodes and a stack
   of noes used during constant propagation.  */

struct topo_info
{
  struct cgraph_node **order;
  struct cgraph_node **stack;
  int nnodes, stack_top;
};

/* Allocate the arrays in TOPO and topologically sort the nodes into order.  */

static void
build_topo_info (struct topo_info *topo)
{
  topo->order = XCNEWVEC (struct cgraph_node *, cgraph_n_nodes);
  topo->stack = XCNEWVEC (struct cgraph_node *, cgraph_n_nodes);
  topo->stack_top = 0;
  topo->nnodes = ipa_reduced_postorder (topo->order, true, true, NULL);
}

/* Free information about strongly connected components and the arrays in
   TOPO.  */

static void
free_topo_info (struct topo_info *topo)
{
  ipa_free_postorder_info ();
  free (topo->order);
  free (topo->stack);
}

/* Add NODE to the stack in TOPO, unless it is already there.  */

static inline void
push_node_to_stack (struct topo_info *topo, struct cgraph_node *node)
{
  struct ipa_node_params *info = IPA_NODE_REF (node);
  if (info->node_enqueued)
    return;
  info->node_enqueued = 1;
  topo->stack[topo->stack_top++] = node;
}

/* Pop a node from the stack in TOPO and return it or return NULL if the stack
   is empty.  */

static struct cgraph_node *
pop_node_from_stack (struct topo_info *topo)
{
  if (topo->stack_top)
    {
      struct cgraph_node *node;
      topo->stack_top--;
      node = topo->stack[topo->stack_top];
      IPA_NODE_REF (node)->node_enqueued = 0;
      return node;
    }
  else
    return NULL;
}

/* Set lattice LAT to bottom and return true if it previously was not set as
   such.  */

static inline bool
set_lattice_to_bottom (struct ipcp_lattice *lat)
{
  bool ret = !lat->bottom;
  lat->bottom = true;
  return ret;
}

/* Mark lattice as containing an unknown value and return true if it previously
   was not marked as such.  */

static inline bool
set_lattice_contains_variable (struct ipcp_lattice *lat)
{
  bool ret = !lat->contains_variable;
  lat->contains_variable = true;
  return ret;
}

/* Initialize ipcp_lattices.  */

static void
initialize_node_lattices (struct cgraph_node *node)
{
  struct ipa_node_params *info = IPA_NODE_REF (node);
  struct cgraph_edge *ie;
  bool disable = false, variable = false;
  int i;

  /* FIXME: Can we clobber only the first argument of thunks?  */
  if (node->alias || node->thunk.thunk_p
      || ipa_is_called_with_var_arguments (info))
    disable = true;
  else if (!node->local.local)
    {
      /* When cloning is allowed, we can assume that externally visible
	 functions are not called.  We will compensate this by cloning
	 later.  */
      if (ipcp_versionable_function_p (node)
	  && ipcp_cloning_candidate_p (node))
	variable = true;
      else
	disable = true;
    }

  if (disable || variable)
    {
      for (i = 0; i < ipa_get_param_count (info) ; i++)
	{
	  struct ipcp_lattice *lat = ipa_get_lattice (info, i);
	  if (disable)
	    set_lattice_to_bottom (lat);
	  else
	    set_lattice_contains_variable (lat);
	}
      if (dump_file && (dump_flags & TDF_DETAILS)
	  && node->alias && node->thunk.thunk_p)
	fprintf (dump_file, "Marking all lattices of %s/%i as %s\n",
		 cgraph_node_name (node), node->uid,
		 disable ? "BOTTOM" : "VARIABLE");
    }

  for (ie = node->indirect_calls; ie; ie = ie->next_callee)
    if (ie->indirect_info->polymorphic)
      {
	gcc_checking_assert (ie->indirect_info->param_index >= 0);
	ipa_get_lattice (info, ie->indirect_info->param_index)->virt_call = 1;
      }
}

/* If checking is enabled, verify that no lattice is in the TOP state, i.e. not
   bottom, not containing a variable component and without any known value at
   the same time.  */

static void
verify_propagated_values (void)
{
#ifdef ENABLE_CHECKING
  struct cgraph_node *node;

  FOR_EACH_DEFINED_FUNCTION (node)
    {
      struct ipa_node_params *info = IPA_NODE_REF (node);
      int i, count = ipa_get_param_count (info);

      for (i = 0; i < count; i++)
	{
	  struct ipcp_lattice *lat = ipa_get_lattice (info, i);

	  if (!lat->bottom
	      && !lat->contains_variable
	      && lat->values_count == 0)
	    {
	      if (dump_file)
		{
		  fprintf (dump_file, "\nIPA lattices after constant "
			   "propagation:\n");
		  print_all_lattices (dump_file, true, false);
		}

	      gcc_unreachable ();
	    }
	}
    }
#endif
}

/* Return true iff X and Y should be considered equal values by IPA-CP.  */

static bool
values_equal_for_ipcp_p (tree x, tree y)
{
  gcc_checking_assert (x != NULL_TREE && y != NULL_TREE);

  if (x == y)
    return true;

  if (TREE_CODE (x) == TREE_BINFO || TREE_CODE (y) == TREE_BINFO)
    return false;

  if (TREE_CODE (x) ==  ADDR_EXPR
      && TREE_CODE (y) ==  ADDR_EXPR
      && TREE_CODE (TREE_OPERAND (x, 0)) == CONST_DECL
      && TREE_CODE (TREE_OPERAND (y, 0)) == CONST_DECL)
    return operand_equal_p (DECL_INITIAL (TREE_OPERAND (x, 0)),
			    DECL_INITIAL (TREE_OPERAND (y, 0)), 0);
  else
    return operand_equal_p (x, y, 0);
}

/* Add a new value source to VAL, marking that a value comes from edge CS and
   (if the underlying jump function is a pass-through or an ancestor one) from
   a caller value SRC_VAL of a caller parameter described by SRC_INDEX.  */

static void
add_value_source (struct ipcp_value *val, struct cgraph_edge *cs,
		  struct ipcp_value *src_val, int src_idx)
{
  struct ipcp_value_source *src;

  src = (struct ipcp_value_source *) pool_alloc (ipcp_sources_pool);
  src->cs = cs;
  src->val = src_val;
  src->index = src_idx;

  src->next = val->sources;
  val->sources = src;
}


/* Try to add NEWVAL to LAT, potentially creating a new struct ipcp_value for
   it.  CS, SRC_VAL and SRC_INDEX are meant for add_value_source and have the
   same meaning.  */

static bool
add_value_to_lattice (struct ipcp_lattice *lat, tree newval,
		      struct cgraph_edge *cs, struct ipcp_value *src_val,
		      int src_idx)
{
  struct ipcp_value *val;

  if (lat->bottom)
    return false;


  for (val = lat->values; val; val = val->next)
    if (values_equal_for_ipcp_p (val->value, newval))
      {
	if (edge_within_scc (cs))
	  {
	    struct ipcp_value_source *s;
	    for (s = val->sources; s ; s = s->next)
	      if (s->cs == cs)
		break;
	    if (s)
	      return false;
	  }

	add_value_source (val, cs, src_val, src_idx);
	return false;
      }

  if (lat->values_count == PARAM_VALUE (PARAM_IPA_CP_VALUE_LIST_SIZE))
    {
      /* We can only free sources, not the values themselves, because sources
	 of other values in this this SCC might point to them.   */
      for (val = lat->values; val; val = val->next)
	{
	  while (val->sources)
	    {
	      struct ipcp_value_source *src = val->sources;
	      val->sources = src->next;
	      pool_free (ipcp_sources_pool, src);
	    }
	}

      lat->values = NULL;
      return set_lattice_to_bottom (lat);
    }

  lat->values_count++;
  val = (struct ipcp_value *) pool_alloc (ipcp_values_pool);
  memset (val, 0, sizeof (*val));

  add_value_source (val, cs, src_val, src_idx);
  val->value = newval;
  val->next = lat->values;
  lat->values = val;
  return true;
}

/* Propagate values through a pass-through jump function JFUNC associated with
   edge CS, taking values from SRC_LAT and putting them into DEST_LAT.  SRC_IDX
   is the index of the source parameter.  */

static bool
propagate_vals_accross_pass_through (struct cgraph_edge *cs,
				     struct ipa_jump_func *jfunc,
				     struct ipcp_lattice *src_lat,
				     struct ipcp_lattice *dest_lat,
				     int src_idx)
{
  struct ipcp_value *src_val;
  bool ret = false;

  if (jfunc->value.pass_through.operation == NOP_EXPR)
    for (src_val = src_lat->values; src_val; src_val = src_val->next)
      ret |= add_value_to_lattice (dest_lat, src_val->value, cs,
				   src_val, src_idx);
  else if (edge_within_scc (cs))
    ret = set_lattice_contains_variable (dest_lat);
  else
    for (src_val = src_lat->values; src_val; src_val = src_val->next)
      {
	tree cstval = src_val->value;

	if (TREE_CODE (cstval) == TREE_BINFO)
	  {
	    ret |= set_lattice_contains_variable (dest_lat);
	    continue;
	  }
	cstval = ipa_get_jf_pass_through_result (jfunc, cstval);

	if (cstval)
	  ret |= add_value_to_lattice (dest_lat, cstval, cs, src_val, src_idx);
	else
	  ret |= set_lattice_contains_variable (dest_lat);
      }

  return ret;
}

/* Propagate values through an ancestor jump function JFUNC associated with
   edge CS, taking values from SRC_LAT and putting them into DEST_LAT.  SRC_IDX
   is the index of the source parameter.  */

static bool
propagate_vals_accross_ancestor (struct cgraph_edge *cs,
				 struct ipa_jump_func *jfunc,
				 struct ipcp_lattice *src_lat,
				 struct ipcp_lattice *dest_lat,
				 int src_idx)
{
  struct ipcp_value *src_val;
  bool ret = false;

  if (edge_within_scc (cs))
    return set_lattice_contains_variable (dest_lat);

  for (src_val = src_lat->values; src_val; src_val = src_val->next)
    {
      tree t = src_val->value;

      if (TREE_CODE (t) == TREE_BINFO)
	t = get_binfo_at_offset (t, jfunc->value.ancestor.offset,
				 jfunc->value.ancestor.type);
      else
	t = ipa_get_jf_ancestor_result (jfunc, t);

      if (t)
	ret |= add_value_to_lattice (dest_lat, t, cs, src_val, src_idx);
      else
	ret |= set_lattice_contains_variable (dest_lat);
    }

  return ret;
}

/* Propagate values across jump function JFUNC that is associated with edge CS
   and put the values into DEST_LAT.  */

static bool
propagate_accross_jump_function (struct cgraph_edge *cs,
				 struct ipa_jump_func *jfunc,
				 struct ipcp_lattice *dest_lat)
{
  if (dest_lat->bottom)
    return false;

  if (jfunc->type == IPA_JF_CONST
      || jfunc->type == IPA_JF_KNOWN_TYPE)
    {
      tree val;

      if (jfunc->type == IPA_JF_KNOWN_TYPE)
	val = jfunc->value.base_binfo;
      else
	val = jfunc->value.constant;
      return add_value_to_lattice (dest_lat, val, cs, NULL, 0);
    }
  else if (jfunc->type == IPA_JF_PASS_THROUGH
	   || jfunc->type == IPA_JF_ANCESTOR)
    {
      struct ipa_node_params *caller_info = IPA_NODE_REF (cs->caller);
      struct ipcp_lattice *src_lat;
      int src_idx;
      bool ret;

      if (jfunc->type == IPA_JF_PASS_THROUGH)
	src_idx = jfunc->value.pass_through.formal_id;
      else
	src_idx = jfunc->value.ancestor.formal_id;

      src_lat = ipa_get_lattice (caller_info, src_idx);
      if (src_lat->bottom)
	return set_lattice_contains_variable (dest_lat);

      /* If we would need to clone the caller and cannot, do not propagate.  */
      if (!ipcp_versionable_function_p (cs->caller)
	  && (src_lat->contains_variable
	      || (src_lat->values_count > 1)))
	return set_lattice_contains_variable (dest_lat);

      if (jfunc->type == IPA_JF_PASS_THROUGH)
	ret = propagate_vals_accross_pass_through (cs, jfunc, src_lat,
						   dest_lat, src_idx);
      else
	ret = propagate_vals_accross_ancestor (cs, jfunc, src_lat, dest_lat,
					       src_idx);

      if (src_lat->contains_variable)
	ret |= set_lattice_contains_variable (dest_lat);

      return ret;
    }

  /* TODO: We currently do not handle member method pointers in IPA-CP (we only
     use it for indirect inlining), we should propagate them too.  */
  return set_lattice_contains_variable (dest_lat);
}

/* Propagate constants from the caller to the callee of CS.  INFO describes the
   caller.  */

static bool
propagate_constants_accross_call (struct cgraph_edge *cs)
{
  struct ipa_node_params *callee_info;
  enum availability availability;
  struct cgraph_node *callee;
  struct ipa_edge_args *args;
  bool ret = false;
  int i, count;

  callee = cgraph_function_or_thunk_node (cs->callee, &availability);
  if (!callee || !cgraph_function_with_gimple_body_p (callee))
    return false;

  callee_info = IPA_NODE_REF (callee);
  if (ipa_is_called_with_var_arguments (callee_info))
    return false;

  args = IPA_EDGE_REF (cs);
  count = ipa_get_cs_argument_count (args);
  for (i = 0; i < count; i++)
    {
      struct ipa_jump_func *jump_func = ipa_get_ith_jump_func (args, i);
      struct ipcp_lattice *dest_lat = ipa_get_lattice (callee_info, i);

      if (availability == AVAIL_OVERWRITABLE)
	ret |= set_lattice_contains_variable (dest_lat);
      else
	ret |= propagate_accross_jump_function (cs, jump_func, dest_lat);
    }
  return ret;
}

/* If an indirect edge IE can be turned into a direct one based on KNOWN_VALS
   (which can contain both constants and binfos) or KNOWN_BINFOS (which can be
   NULL) return the destination.  If simple thunk delta must be applied too,
   store it to DELTA.  */

static tree
get_indirect_edge_target (struct cgraph_edge *ie, tree *delta,
			  VEC (tree, heap) *known_vals,
			  VEC (tree, heap) *known_binfos)
{
  int param_index = ie->indirect_info->param_index;
  HOST_WIDE_INT token, anc_offset;
  tree otr_type;
  tree t;

  if (param_index == -1)
    return NULL_TREE;

  if (!ie->indirect_info->polymorphic)
    {
      tree t = VEC_index (tree, known_vals, param_index);
      if (t &&
	  TREE_CODE (t) == ADDR_EXPR
	  && TREE_CODE (TREE_OPERAND (t, 0)) == FUNCTION_DECL)
	{
	  *delta = NULL_TREE;
	  return TREE_OPERAND (t, 0);
	}
      else
	return NULL_TREE;
    }

  token = ie->indirect_info->otr_token;
  anc_offset = ie->indirect_info->anc_offset;
  otr_type = ie->indirect_info->otr_type;

  t = VEC_index (tree, known_vals, param_index);
  if (!t && known_binfos)
    t = VEC_index (tree, known_binfos, param_index);
  if (!t)
    return NULL_TREE;

  if (TREE_CODE (t) != TREE_BINFO)
    {
      tree binfo;
      binfo = gimple_extract_devirt_binfo_from_cst (t);
      if (!binfo)
	return NULL_TREE;
      binfo = get_binfo_at_offset (binfo, anc_offset, otr_type);
      if (!binfo)
	return NULL_TREE;
      return gimple_get_virt_method_for_binfo (token, binfo, delta);
    }
  else
    {
      tree binfo;

      binfo = get_binfo_at_offset (t, anc_offset, otr_type);
      if (!binfo)
	return NULL_TREE;
      return gimple_get_virt_method_for_binfo (token, binfo, delta);
    }
}

/* Calculate devirtualization time bonus for NODE, assuming we know KNOWN_CSTS
   and KNOWN_BINFOS.  */

static int
devirtualization_time_bonus (struct cgraph_node *node,
			     VEC (tree, heap) *known_csts,
			     VEC (tree, heap) *known_binfos)
{
  struct cgraph_edge *ie;
  int res = 0;

  for (ie = node->indirect_calls; ie; ie = ie->next_callee)
    {
      struct cgraph_node *callee;
      struct inline_summary *isummary;
      tree delta, target;

      target = get_indirect_edge_target (ie, &delta, known_csts, known_binfos);
      if (!target)
	continue;

      /* Only bare minimum benefit for clearly un-inlineable targets.  */
      res += 1;
      callee = cgraph_get_node (target);
      if (!callee)
	continue;

      /* FIXME: The values below need re-considering and perhaps also
	 integrating into the cost metrics, at lest in some very basic way.  */
      isummary = inline_summary (callee);
      if (isummary->size <= MAX_INLINE_INSNS_AUTO / 4)
	res += 31;
      else if (isummary->size <= MAX_INLINE_INSNS_AUTO / 2)
	res += 15;
      else if (isummary->size <= MAX_INLINE_INSNS_AUTO
	       || DECL_DECLARED_INLINE_P (callee->decl))
	res += 7;
    }

  return res;
}

/* Return true if cloning NODE is a good idea, given the estimated TIME_BENEFIT
   and SIZE_COST and with the sum of frequencies of incoming edges to the
   potential new clone in FREQUENCIES.  */

static bool
good_cloning_opportunity_p (struct cgraph_node *node, int time_benefit,
			    int freq_sum, gcov_type count_sum, int size_cost)
{
  if (time_benefit == 0
      || !flag_ipa_cp_clone
      || !optimize_function_for_speed_p (DECL_STRUCT_FUNCTION (node->decl)))
    return false;

  gcc_checking_assert (size_cost >= 0);

  /* FIXME:  These decisions need tuning.  */
  if (max_count)
    {
      int evaluation, factor = (count_sum * 1000) / max_count;

      evaluation = (time_benefit * factor) / size_cost;

      if (dump_file && (dump_flags & TDF_DETAILS))
	fprintf (dump_file, "     good_cloning_opportunity_p (time: %i, "
		 "size: %i, count_sum: " HOST_WIDE_INT_PRINT_DEC
		 ") -> evaluation: %i, threshold: %i\n",
		 time_benefit, size_cost, (HOST_WIDE_INT) count_sum,
		 evaluation, 500);

      return evaluation > 500;
    }
  else
    {
      int evaluation = (time_benefit * freq_sum) / size_cost;

      if (dump_file && (dump_flags & TDF_DETAILS))
	fprintf (dump_file, "     good_cloning_opportunity_p (time: %i, "
		 "size: %i, freq_sum: %i) -> evaluation: %i, threshold: %i\n",
		 time_benefit, size_cost, freq_sum, evaluation,
		 CGRAPH_FREQ_BASE /2);

      return evaluation > (CGRAPH_FREQ_BASE /2);
    }
}


/* Allocate KNOWN_CSTS and KNOWN_BINFOS and populate them with values of
   parameters that are known independent of the context.  INFO describes the
   function.  If REMOVABLE_PARAMS is non-NULL, store the number o removable
   parameters in it.  */

static bool
gather_context_independent_values (struct ipa_node_params *info,
				   VEC (tree, heap) **known_csts,
				   VEC (tree, heap) **known_binfos,
				   int *removable_params)
{
  int i, count = ipa_get_param_count (info);
  int rparams = 0;
  bool ret = false;

  *known_csts = NULL;
  *known_binfos = NULL;
  VEC_safe_grow_cleared (tree, heap, *known_csts, count);
  VEC_safe_grow_cleared (tree, heap, *known_binfos, count);

  for (i = 0; i < count ; i++)
    {
      struct ipcp_lattice *lat = ipa_get_lattice (info, i);

      if (ipa_lat_is_single_const (lat))
	{
	  struct ipcp_value *val = lat->values;
	  if (TREE_CODE (val->value) != TREE_BINFO)
	    {
	      VEC_replace (tree, *known_csts, i, val->value);
	      rparams++;
	      ret = true;
	    }
	  else if (lat->virt_call)
	    {
	      VEC_replace (tree, *known_binfos, i, val->value);
	      ret = true;
	    }
	  else if (!ipa_is_param_used (info, i))
	    rparams++;
	}
      else if (!ipa_is_param_used (info, i))
	rparams++;
    }

  if (removable_params)
    *removable_params = rparams;
  return ret;
}

/* Iterate over known values of parameters of NODE and estimate the local
   effects in terms of time and size they have.  */

static void
estimate_local_effects (struct cgraph_node *node)
{
  struct ipa_node_params *info = IPA_NODE_REF (node);
  int i, count = ipa_get_param_count (info);
  VEC (tree, heap) *known_csts, *known_binfos;
  bool always_const;
  int base_time = inline_summary (node)->time;
  int removable_params;

  if (!count || !ipcp_versionable_function_p (node))
    return;

  if (dump_file && (dump_flags & TDF_DETAILS))
    fprintf (dump_file, "\nEstimating effects for %s/%i, base_time: %i.\n",
	     cgraph_node_name (node), node->uid, base_time);

  always_const = gather_context_independent_values (info, &known_csts,
						    &known_binfos,
						    &removable_params);
  if (always_const)
    {
      struct caller_statistics stats;
      int time, size;

      init_caller_stats (&stats);
      cgraph_for_node_and_aliases (node, gather_caller_stats, &stats, false);
      estimate_ipcp_clone_size_and_time (node, known_csts, &size, &time);
      time -= devirtualization_time_bonus (node, known_csts, known_binfos);
      size -= stats.n_calls * removable_params;

      if (dump_file)
	fprintf (dump_file, " * context independent values, size: %i, "
		 "time_benefit: %i\n", size, base_time - time);

      if (size <= 0
	  || cgraph_will_be_removed_from_program_if_no_direct_calls (node))
	{
	  info->clone_for_all_contexts = true;
	  base_time = time;

	  if (dump_file)
	    fprintf (dump_file, "     Decided to specialize for all "
		     "known contexts, code not going to grow.\n");
	}
      else if (good_cloning_opportunity_p (node, base_time - time,
					   stats.freq_sum, stats.count_sum,
					   size))
	{
	  if (size + overall_size <= max_new_size)
	    {
	      info->clone_for_all_contexts = true;
	      base_time = time;
	      overall_size += size;

	      if (dump_file)
		fprintf (dump_file, "     Decided to specialize for all "
			 "known contexts, growth deemed beneficial.\n");
	    }
	  else if (dump_file && (dump_flags & TDF_DETAILS))
	    fprintf (dump_file, "   Not cloning for all contexts because "
		     "max_new_size would be reached with %li.\n",
		     size + overall_size);
	}
    }

  for (i = 0; i < count ; i++)
    {
      struct ipcp_lattice *lat = ipa_get_lattice (info, i);
      struct ipcp_value *val;

      if (lat->bottom
	  || !lat->values
	  || VEC_index (tree, known_csts, i)
	  || VEC_index (tree, known_binfos, i))
	continue;

      for (val = lat->values; val; val = val->next)
	{
	  int time, size, time_benefit;

	  if (TREE_CODE (val->value) != TREE_BINFO)
	    {
	      VEC_replace (tree, known_csts, i, val->value);
	      VEC_replace (tree, known_binfos, i, NULL_TREE);
	    }
	  else if (lat->virt_call)
	    {
	      VEC_replace (tree, known_csts, i, NULL_TREE);
	      VEC_replace (tree, known_binfos, i, val->value);
	    }
	  else
	    continue;

	  estimate_ipcp_clone_size_and_time (node, known_csts, &size, &time);
	  time_benefit = base_time - time
	    + devirtualization_time_bonus (node, known_csts, known_binfos);

	  if (dump_file && (dump_flags & TDF_DETAILS))
	    {
	      fprintf (dump_file, " - estimates for value ");
	      print_ipcp_constant_value (dump_file, val->value);
	      fprintf (dump_file, " for parameter ");
	      print_generic_expr (dump_file, ipa_get_param (info, i), 0);
	      fprintf (dump_file, ": time_benefit: %i, size: %i\n",
		       time_benefit, size);
	    }

	  val->local_time_benefit = time_benefit;
	  val->local_size_cost = size;
	}
    }

  VEC_free (tree, heap, known_csts);
  VEC_free (tree, heap, known_binfos);
}


/* Add value CUR_VAL and all yet-unsorted values it is dependent on to the
   topological sort of values.  */

static void
add_val_to_toposort (struct ipcp_value *cur_val)
{
  static int dfs_counter = 0;
  static struct ipcp_value *stack;
  struct ipcp_value_source *src;

  if (cur_val->dfs)
    return;

  dfs_counter++;
  cur_val->dfs = dfs_counter;
  cur_val->low_link = dfs_counter;

  cur_val->topo_next = stack;
  stack = cur_val;
  cur_val->on_stack = true;

  for (src = cur_val->sources; src; src = src->next)
    if (src->val)
      {
	if (src->val->dfs == 0)
	  {
	    add_val_to_toposort (src->val);
	    if (src->val->low_link < cur_val->low_link)
	      cur_val->low_link = src->val->low_link;
	  }
	else if (src->val->on_stack
		 && src->val->dfs < cur_val->low_link)
	  cur_val->low_link = src->val->dfs;
      }

  if (cur_val->dfs == cur_val->low_link)
    {
      struct ipcp_value *v, *scc_list = NULL;

      do
	{
	  v = stack;
	  stack = v->topo_next;
	  v->on_stack = false;

	  v->scc_next = scc_list;
	  scc_list = v;
	}
      while (v != cur_val);

      cur_val->topo_next = values_topo;
      values_topo = cur_val;
    }
}

/* Add all values in lattices associated with NODE to the topological sort if
   they are not there yet.  */

static void
add_all_node_vals_to_toposort (struct cgraph_node *node)
{
  struct ipa_node_params *info = IPA_NODE_REF (node);
  int i, count = ipa_get_param_count (info);

  for (i = 0; i < count ; i++)
    {
      struct ipcp_lattice *lat = ipa_get_lattice (info, i);
      struct ipcp_value *val;

      if (lat->bottom || !lat->values)
	continue;
      for (val = lat->values; val; val = val->next)
	add_val_to_toposort (val);
    }
}

/* One pass of constants propagation along the call graph edges, from callers
   to callees (requires topological ordering in TOPO), iterate over strongly
   connected components.  */

static void
propagate_constants_topo (struct topo_info *topo)
{
  int i;

  for (i = topo->nnodes - 1; i >= 0; i--)
    {
      struct cgraph_node *v, *node = topo->order[i];
      struct ipa_dfs_info *node_dfs_info;

      if (!cgraph_function_with_gimple_body_p (node))
	continue;

      node_dfs_info = (struct ipa_dfs_info *) node->aux;
      /* First, iteratively propagate within the strongly connected component
	 until all lattices stabilize.  */
      v = node_dfs_info->next_cycle;
      while (v)
	{
	  push_node_to_stack (topo, v);
	  v = ((struct ipa_dfs_info *) v->aux)->next_cycle;
	}

      v = node;
      while (v)
	{
	  struct cgraph_edge *cs;

	  for (cs = v->callees; cs; cs = cs->next_callee)
	    if (edge_within_scc (cs)
		&& propagate_constants_accross_call (cs))
	      push_node_to_stack (topo, cs->callee);
	  v = pop_node_from_stack (topo);
	}

      /* Afterwards, propagate along edges leading out of the SCC, calculates
	 the local effects of the discovered constants and all valid values to
	 their topological sort.  */
      v = node;
      while (v)
	{
	  struct cgraph_edge *cs;

	  estimate_local_effects (v);
	  add_all_node_vals_to_toposort (v);
	  for (cs = v->callees; cs; cs = cs->next_callee)
	    if (!edge_within_scc (cs))
	      propagate_constants_accross_call (cs);

	  v = ((struct ipa_dfs_info *) v->aux)->next_cycle;
	}
    }
}

/* Propagate the estimated effects of individual values along the topological
   from the dependant values to those they depend on.  */

static void
propagate_effects (void)
{
  struct ipcp_value *base;

  for (base = values_topo; base; base = base->topo_next)
    {
      struct ipcp_value_source *src;
      struct ipcp_value *val;
      int time = 0, size = 0;

      for (val = base; val; val = val->scc_next)
	{
	  time += val->local_time_benefit + val->prop_time_benefit;
	  size += val->local_size_cost + val->prop_size_cost;
	}

      for (val = base; val; val = val->scc_next)
	for (src = val->sources; src; src = src->next)
	  if (src->val
	      && cgraph_maybe_hot_edge_p (src->cs))
	    {
	      src->val->prop_time_benefit += time;
	      src->val->prop_size_cost += size;
	    }
    }
}


/* Propagate constants, binfos and their effects from the summaries
   interprocedurally.  */

static void
ipcp_propagate_stage (struct topo_info *topo)
{
  struct cgraph_node *node;

  if (dump_file)
    fprintf (dump_file, "\n Propagating constants:\n\n");

  if (in_lto_p)
    ipa_update_after_lto_read ();

  FOR_EACH_DEFINED_FUNCTION (node)
  {
    determine_versionability (node);
    initialize_node_lattices (node);
    if (node->count > max_count)
      max_count = node->count;
    overall_size += inline_summary (node)->self_size;
  }

  max_new_size = overall_size;
  if (max_new_size < PARAM_VALUE (PARAM_LARGE_UNIT_INSNS))
    max_new_size = PARAM_VALUE (PARAM_LARGE_UNIT_INSNS);
  max_new_size += max_new_size * PARAM_VALUE (PARAM_IPCP_UNIT_GROWTH) / 100 + 1;

  if (dump_file)
    fprintf (dump_file, "\noverall_size: %li, max_new_size: %li\n",
	     overall_size, max_new_size);

  propagate_constants_topo (topo);
  verify_propagated_values ();
  propagate_effects ();

  if (dump_file)
    {
      fprintf (dump_file, "\nIPA lattices after all propagation:\n");
      print_all_lattices (dump_file, (dump_flags & TDF_DETAILS), true);
    }
}

/* Discover newly direct outgoing edges from NODE which is a new clone with
   known KNOWN_VALS and make them direct.  */

static void
ipcp_discover_new_direct_edges (struct cgraph_node *node,
				VEC (tree, heap) *known_vals)
{
  struct cgraph_edge *ie, *next_ie;

  for (ie = node->indirect_calls; ie; ie = next_ie)
    {
      tree delta, target;

      next_ie = ie->next_callee;
      target = get_indirect_edge_target (ie, &delta, known_vals, NULL);
      if (target)
	ipa_make_edge_direct_to_target (ie, target, delta);
    }
}

/* Return true if edge CS does bring about the value described by SRC.  */

static bool
cgraph_edge_brings_value_p (struct cgraph_edge *cs,
			    struct ipcp_value_source *src)
{
  struct ipa_node_params *caller_info = IPA_NODE_REF (cs->caller);

  if (IPA_NODE_REF (cs->callee)->ipcp_orig_node
      || caller_info->node_dead)
    return false;
  if (!src->val)
    return true;

  if (caller_info->ipcp_orig_node)
    {
      tree t = VEC_index (tree, caller_info->known_vals, src->index);
      return (t != NULL_TREE
	      && values_equal_for_ipcp_p (src->val->value, t));
    }
  else
    {
      struct ipcp_lattice *lat = ipa_get_lattice (caller_info, src->index);
      if (ipa_lat_is_single_const (lat)
	  && values_equal_for_ipcp_p (src->val->value, lat->values->value))
	return true;
      else
	return false;
    }
}

/* Get the next clone in the linked list of clones of an edge.  */

static inline struct cgraph_edge *
get_next_cgraph_edge_clone (struct cgraph_edge *cs)
{
  struct ipa_edge_args *args = IPA_EDGE_REF (cs);
  return args->next_edge_clone;
}

/* Given VAL, iterate over all its sources and if they still hold, add their
   edge frequency and their number into *FREQUENCY and *CALLER_COUNT
   respectively.  */

static bool
get_info_about_necessary_edges (struct ipcp_value *val, int *freq_sum,
				gcov_type *count_sum, int *caller_count)
{
  struct ipcp_value_source *src;
  int freq = 0, count = 0;
  gcov_type cnt = 0;
  bool hot = false;

  for (src = val->sources; src; src = src->next)
    {
      struct cgraph_edge *cs = src->cs;
      while (cs)
	{
	  if (cgraph_edge_brings_value_p (cs, src))
	    {
	      count++;
	      freq += cs->frequency;
	      cnt += cs->count;
	      hot |= cgraph_maybe_hot_edge_p (cs);
	    }
	  cs = get_next_cgraph_edge_clone (cs);
	}
    }

  *freq_sum = freq;
  *count_sum = cnt;
  *caller_count = count;
  return hot;
}

/* Return a vector of incoming edges that do bring value VAL.  It is assumed
   their number is known and equal to CALLER_COUNT.  */

static VEC (cgraph_edge_p,heap) *
gather_edges_for_value (struct ipcp_value *val, int caller_count)
{
  struct ipcp_value_source *src;
  VEC (cgraph_edge_p,heap) *ret;

  ret = VEC_alloc (cgraph_edge_p, heap, caller_count);
  for (src = val->sources; src; src = src->next)
    {
      struct cgraph_edge *cs = src->cs;
      while (cs)
	{
	  if (cgraph_edge_brings_value_p (cs, src))
	    VEC_quick_push (cgraph_edge_p, ret, cs);
	  cs = get_next_cgraph_edge_clone (cs);
	}
    }

  return ret;
}

/* Construct a replacement map for a know VALUE for a formal parameter PARAM.
   Return it or NULL if for some reason it cannot be created.  */

static struct ipa_replace_map *
get_replacement_map (tree value, tree parm)
{
  tree req_type = TREE_TYPE (parm);
  struct ipa_replace_map *replace_map;

  if (!useless_type_conversion_p (req_type, TREE_TYPE (value)))
    {
      if (fold_convertible_p (req_type, value))
	value = fold_build1 (NOP_EXPR, req_type, value);
      else if (TYPE_SIZE (req_type) == TYPE_SIZE (TREE_TYPE (value)))
	value = fold_build1 (VIEW_CONVERT_EXPR, req_type, value);
      else
	{
	  if (dump_file)
	    {
	      fprintf (dump_file, "    const ");
	      print_generic_expr (dump_file, value, 0);
	      fprintf (dump_file, "  can't be converted to param ");
	      print_generic_expr (dump_file, parm, 0);
	      fprintf (dump_file, "\n");
	    }
	  return NULL;
	}
    }

  replace_map = ggc_alloc_ipa_replace_map ();
  if (dump_file)
    {
      fprintf (dump_file, "    replacing param ");
      print_generic_expr (dump_file, parm, 0);
      fprintf (dump_file, " with const ");
      print_generic_expr (dump_file, value, 0);
      fprintf (dump_file, "\n");
    }
  replace_map->old_tree = parm;
  replace_map->new_tree = value;
  replace_map->replace_p = true;
  replace_map->ref_p = false;

  return replace_map;
}

/* Dump new profiling counts */

static void
dump_profile_updates (struct cgraph_node *orig_node,
		      struct cgraph_node *new_node)
{
  struct cgraph_edge *cs;

  fprintf (dump_file, "    setting count of the specialized node to "
	   HOST_WIDE_INT_PRINT_DEC "\n", (HOST_WIDE_INT) new_node->count);
  for (cs = new_node->callees; cs ; cs = cs->next_callee)
    fprintf (dump_file, "      edge to %s has count "
	     HOST_WIDE_INT_PRINT_DEC "\n",
	     cgraph_node_name (cs->callee), (HOST_WIDE_INT) cs->count);

  fprintf (dump_file, "    setting count of the original node to "
	   HOST_WIDE_INT_PRINT_DEC "\n", (HOST_WIDE_INT) orig_node->count);
  for (cs = orig_node->callees; cs ; cs = cs->next_callee)
    fprintf (dump_file, "      edge to %s is left with "
	     HOST_WIDE_INT_PRINT_DEC "\n",
	     cgraph_node_name (cs->callee), (HOST_WIDE_INT) cs->count);
}


/* After a specialized NEW_NODE version of ORIG_NODE has been created, update
   their profile information to reflect this.  */

static void
update_profiling_info (struct cgraph_node *orig_node,
		       struct cgraph_node *new_node)
{
  struct cgraph_edge *cs;
  struct caller_statistics stats;
  gcov_type new_sum, orig_sum;
  gcov_type remainder, orig_node_count = orig_node->count;

  if (orig_node_count == 0)
    return;

  init_caller_stats (&stats);
  cgraph_for_node_and_aliases (orig_node, gather_caller_stats, &stats, false);
  orig_sum = stats.count_sum;
  init_caller_stats (&stats);
  cgraph_for_node_and_aliases (new_node, gather_caller_stats, &stats, false);
  new_sum = stats.count_sum;

  if (orig_node_count < orig_sum + new_sum)
    {
      if (dump_file)
	fprintf (dump_file, "    Problem: node %s/%i has too low count "
		 HOST_WIDE_INT_PRINT_DEC " while the sum of incoming "
		 "counts is " HOST_WIDE_INT_PRINT_DEC "\n",
		 cgraph_node_name (orig_node), orig_node->uid,
		 (HOST_WIDE_INT) orig_node_count,
		 (HOST_WIDE_INT) (orig_sum + new_sum));

      orig_node_count = (orig_sum + new_sum) * 12 / 10;
      if (dump_file)
	fprintf (dump_file, "      proceeding by pretending it was "
		 HOST_WIDE_INT_PRINT_DEC "\n",
		 (HOST_WIDE_INT) orig_node_count);
    }

  new_node->count = new_sum;
  remainder = orig_node_count - new_sum;
  orig_node->count = remainder;

  for (cs = new_node->callees; cs ; cs = cs->next_callee)
    if (cs->frequency)
      cs->count = cs->count * new_sum / orig_node_count;
    else
      cs->count = 0;

  for (cs = orig_node->callees; cs ; cs = cs->next_callee)
    cs->count = cs->count * remainder / orig_node_count;

  if (dump_file)
    dump_profile_updates (orig_node, new_node);
}

/* Update the respective profile of specialized NEW_NODE and the original
   ORIG_NODE after additional edges with cumulative count sum REDIRECTED_SUM
   have been redirected to the specialized version.  */

static void
update_specialized_profile (struct cgraph_node *new_node,
			    struct cgraph_node *orig_node,
			    gcov_type redirected_sum)
{
  struct cgraph_edge *cs;
  gcov_type new_node_count, orig_node_count = orig_node->count;

  if (dump_file)
    fprintf (dump_file, "    the sum of counts of redirected  edges is "
	     HOST_WIDE_INT_PRINT_DEC "\n", (HOST_WIDE_INT) redirected_sum);
  if (orig_node_count == 0)
    return;

  gcc_assert (orig_node_count >= redirected_sum);

  new_node_count = new_node->count;
  new_node->count += redirected_sum;
  orig_node->count -= redirected_sum;

  for (cs = new_node->callees; cs ; cs = cs->next_callee)
    if (cs->frequency)
      cs->count += cs->count * redirected_sum / new_node_count;
    else
      cs->count = 0;

  for (cs = orig_node->callees; cs ; cs = cs->next_callee)
    {
      gcov_type dec = cs->count * redirected_sum / orig_node_count;
      if (dec < cs->count)
	cs->count -= dec;
      else
	cs->count = 0;
    }

  if (dump_file)
    dump_profile_updates (orig_node, new_node);
}

/* Create a specialized version of NODE with known constants and types of
   parameters in KNOWN_VALS and redirect all edges in CALLERS to it.  */

static struct cgraph_node *
create_specialized_node (struct cgraph_node *node,
			 VEC (tree, heap) *known_vals,
			 VEC (cgraph_edge_p,heap) *callers)
{
  struct ipa_node_params *new_info, *info = IPA_NODE_REF (node);
  VEC (ipa_replace_map_p,gc)* replace_trees = NULL;
  struct cgraph_node *new_node;
  int i, count = ipa_get_param_count (info);
  bitmap args_to_skip;

  gcc_assert (!info->ipcp_orig_node);

  if (node->local.can_change_signature)
    {
      args_to_skip = BITMAP_GGC_ALLOC ();
      for (i = 0; i < count; i++)
	{
	  tree t = VEC_index (tree, known_vals, i);

	  if ((t && TREE_CODE (t) != TREE_BINFO)
	      || !ipa_is_param_used (info, i))
	    bitmap_set_bit (args_to_skip, i);
	}
    }
  else
    args_to_skip = NULL;

  for (i = 0; i < count ; i++)
    {
      tree t = VEC_index (tree, known_vals, i);
      if (t && TREE_CODE (t) != TREE_BINFO)
	{
	  struct ipa_replace_map *replace_map;

	  replace_map = get_replacement_map (t, ipa_get_param (info, i));
	  if (replace_map)
	    VEC_safe_push (ipa_replace_map_p, gc, replace_trees, replace_map);
	}
    }

  new_node = cgraph_create_virtual_clone (node, callers, replace_trees,
					  args_to_skip, "constprop");
  if (dump_file && (dump_flags & TDF_DETAILS))
    fprintf (dump_file, "     the new node is %s/%i.\n",
	     cgraph_node_name (new_node), new_node->uid);
  gcc_checking_assert (ipa_node_params_vector
		       && (VEC_length (ipa_node_params_t,
				       ipa_node_params_vector)
			   > (unsigned) cgraph_max_uid));
  update_profiling_info (node, new_node);
  new_info = IPA_NODE_REF (new_node);
  gcc_checking_assert (new_info->lattices);
  new_info->ipcp_orig_node = node;
  new_info->known_vals = known_vals;

  ipcp_discover_new_direct_edges (new_node, known_vals);

  VEC_free (cgraph_edge_p, heap, callers);
  return new_node;
}

/* Given a NODE, and a subset of its CALLERS, try to populate blanks slots in
   KNOWN_VALS with constants and types that are also known for all of the
   CALLERS.  */

static void
find_more_values_for_callers_subset (struct cgraph_node *node,
				     VEC (tree, heap) *known_vals,
				     VEC (cgraph_edge_p,heap) *callers)
{
  struct ipa_node_params *info = IPA_NODE_REF (node);
  int i, count = ipa_get_param_count (info);

  for (i = 0; i < count ; i++)
    {
      struct cgraph_edge *cs;
      tree newval = NULL_TREE;
      int j;

      if (ipa_get_lattice (info, i)->bottom
	  || VEC_index (tree, known_vals, i))
	continue;

      FOR_EACH_VEC_ELT (cgraph_edge_p, callers, j, cs)
	{
	  struct ipa_jump_func *jump_func;
	  tree t;

	  jump_func = ipa_get_ith_jump_func (IPA_EDGE_REF (cs), i);

	  t = ipa_value_from_jfunc (IPA_NODE_REF (cs->caller), jump_func);
	  if (!t
	      || (newval
		  && !values_equal_for_ipcp_p (t, newval)))
	    {
	      newval = NULL_TREE;
	      break;
	    }
	  else
	    newval = t;
	}

      if (newval)
	{
	  if (dump_file && (dump_flags & TDF_DETAILS))
	    {
	      fprintf (dump_file, "    adding an extra known value ");
	      print_ipcp_constant_value (dump_file, newval);
	      fprintf (dump_file, " for parameter ");
	      print_generic_expr (dump_file, ipa_get_param (info, i), 0);
	      fprintf (dump_file, "\n");
	    }

	  VEC_replace (tree, known_vals, i, newval);
	}
    }
}

/* Given an original NODE and a VAL for which we have already created a
   specialized clone, look whether there are incoming edges that still lead
   into the old node but now also bring the requested value and also conform to
   all other criteria such that they can be redirected the the special node.
   This function can therefore redirect the final edge in a SCC.  */

static void
perhaps_add_new_callers (struct cgraph_node *node, struct ipcp_value *val)
{
  struct ipa_node_params *dest_info = IPA_NODE_REF (val->spec_node);
  struct ipcp_value_source *src;
  int count = ipa_get_param_count (dest_info);
  gcov_type redirected_sum = 0;

  for (src = val->sources; src; src = src->next)
    {
      struct cgraph_edge *cs = src->cs;
      while (cs)
	{
	  enum availability availability;
	  bool insufficient = false;

	  if (cgraph_function_or_thunk_node (cs->callee, &availability) == node
	      && availability > AVAIL_OVERWRITABLE
	      && cgraph_edge_brings_value_p (cs, src))
	    {
	      struct ipa_node_params *caller_info;
	      struct ipa_edge_args *args;
	      int i;

	      caller_info = IPA_NODE_REF (cs->caller);
	      args = IPA_EDGE_REF (cs);
	      for (i = 0; i < count; i++)
		{
		  struct ipa_jump_func *jump_func;
		  tree val, t;

		  val = VEC_index (tree, dest_info->known_vals, i);
		  if (!val)
		    continue;

		  jump_func = ipa_get_ith_jump_func (args, i);
		  t = ipa_value_from_jfunc (caller_info, jump_func);
		  if (!t || !values_equal_for_ipcp_p (val, t))
		    {
		      insufficient = true;
		      break;
		    }
		}

	      if (!insufficient)
		{
		  if (dump_file)
		    fprintf (dump_file, " - adding an extra caller %s/%i"
			     " of %s/%i\n",
			     cgraph_node_name (cs->caller), cs->caller->uid,
			     cgraph_node_name (val->spec_node),
			     val->spec_node->uid);

		  cgraph_redirect_edge_callee (cs, val->spec_node);
		  redirected_sum += cs->count;
		}
	    }
	  cs = get_next_cgraph_edge_clone (cs);
	}
    }

  if (redirected_sum)
    update_specialized_profile (val->spec_node, node, redirected_sum);
}


/* Copy KNOWN_BINFOS to KNOWN_VALS.  */

static void
move_binfos_to_values (VEC (tree, heap) *known_vals,
		       VEC (tree, heap) *known_binfos)
{
  tree t;
  int i;

  for (i = 0; VEC_iterate (tree, known_binfos, i, t); i++)
    if (t)
      VEC_replace (tree, known_vals, i, t);
}


/* Decide whether and what specialized clones of NODE should be created.  */

static bool
decide_whether_version_node (struct cgraph_node *node)
{
  struct ipa_node_params *info = IPA_NODE_REF (node);
  int i, count = ipa_get_param_count (info);
  VEC (tree, heap) *known_csts, *known_binfos;
  bool ret = false;

  if (count == 0)
    return false;

  if (dump_file && (dump_flags & TDF_DETAILS))
    fprintf (dump_file, "\nEvaluating opportunities for %s/%i.\n",
	     cgraph_node_name (node), node->uid);

  gather_context_independent_values (info, &known_csts, &known_binfos,
				     NULL);

  for (i = 0; i < count ; i++)
    {
      struct ipcp_lattice *lat = ipa_get_lattice (info, i);
      struct ipcp_value *val;

      if (lat->bottom
	  || VEC_index (tree, known_csts, i)
	  || VEC_index (tree, known_binfos, i))
	continue;

      for (val = lat->values; val; val = val->next)
	{
	  int freq_sum, caller_count;
	  gcov_type count_sum;
	  VEC (cgraph_edge_p, heap) *callers;
	  VEC (tree, heap) *kv;

	  if (val->spec_node)
	    {
	      perhaps_add_new_callers (node, val);
	      continue;
	    }
	  else if (val->local_size_cost + overall_size > max_new_size)
	    {
	      if (dump_file && (dump_flags & TDF_DETAILS))
		fprintf (dump_file, "   Ignoring candidate value because "
			 "max_new_size would be reached with %li.\n",
			 val->local_size_cost + overall_size);
	      continue;
	    }
	  else if (!get_info_about_necessary_edges (val, &freq_sum, &count_sum,
						    &caller_count))
	    continue;

	  if (dump_file && (dump_flags & TDF_DETAILS))
	    {
	      fprintf (dump_file, " - considering value ");
	      print_ipcp_constant_value (dump_file, val->value);
	      fprintf (dump_file, " for parameter ");
	      print_generic_expr (dump_file, ipa_get_param (info, i), 0);
	      fprintf (dump_file, " (caller_count: %i)\n", caller_count);
	    }


	  if (!good_cloning_opportunity_p (node, val->local_time_benefit,
					   freq_sum, count_sum,
					   val->local_size_cost)
	      && !good_cloning_opportunity_p (node,
					      val->local_time_benefit
					      + val->prop_time_benefit,
					      freq_sum, count_sum,
					      val->local_size_cost
					      + val->prop_size_cost))
	    continue;

	  if (dump_file)
	    fprintf (dump_file, "  Creating a specialized node of %s/%i.\n",
		     cgraph_node_name (node), node->uid);

	  callers = gather_edges_for_value (val, caller_count);
	  kv = VEC_copy (tree, heap, known_csts);
	  move_binfos_to_values (kv, known_binfos);
	  VEC_replace (tree, kv, i, val->value);
	  find_more_values_for_callers_subset (node, kv, callers);
	  val->spec_node = create_specialized_node (node, kv, callers);
	  overall_size += val->local_size_cost;
	  info = IPA_NODE_REF (node);

	  /* TODO: If for some lattice there is only one other known value
	     left, make a special node for it too. */
	  ret = true;

	  VEC_replace (tree, kv, i, val->value);
	}
    }

  if (info->clone_for_all_contexts)
    {
      VEC (cgraph_edge_p, heap) *callers;

      if (dump_file)
	fprintf (dump_file, " * Creating a specialized node of %s/%i "
		 "for all contexts.\n", cgraph_node_name (node), node->uid);

      callers = collect_callers_of_node (node);
      move_binfos_to_values (known_csts, known_binfos);
      create_specialized_node (node, known_csts, callers);
      info = IPA_NODE_REF (node);
      info->clone_for_all_contexts = false;
      ret = true;
    }
  else
    VEC_free (tree, heap, known_csts);

  VEC_free (tree, heap, known_binfos);
  return ret;
}

/* Transitively mark all callees of NODE within the same SCC as not dead.  */

static void
spread_undeadness (struct cgraph_node *node)
{
  struct cgraph_edge *cs;

  for (cs = node->callees; cs; cs = cs->next_callee)
    if (edge_within_scc (cs))
      {
	struct cgraph_node *callee;
	struct ipa_node_params *info;

	callee = cgraph_function_or_thunk_node (cs->callee, NULL);
	info = IPA_NODE_REF (callee);

	if (info->node_dead)
	  {
	    info->node_dead = 0;
	    spread_undeadness (callee);
	  }
      }
}

/* Return true if NODE has a caller from outside of its SCC that is not
   dead.  Worker callback for cgraph_for_node_and_aliases.  */

static bool
has_unded_caller_from_outside_scc_p (struct cgraph_node *node,
				     void *data ATTRIBUTE_UNUSED)
{
  struct cgraph_edge *cs;

  for (cs = node->callers; cs; cs = cs->next_caller)
    if (cs->caller->thunk.thunk_p
	&& has_unded_caller_from_outside_scc_p (cs->caller, NULL))
      return true;
    else if (!edge_within_scc (cs)
	     && !IPA_NODE_REF (cs->caller)->node_dead)
      return true;
  return false;
}


/* Identify nodes within the same SCC as NODE which are no longer needed
   because of new clones and will be removed as unreachable.  */

static void
identify_dead_nodes (struct cgraph_node *node)
{
  struct cgraph_node *v;
  for (v = node; v ; v = ((struct ipa_dfs_info *) v->aux)->next_cycle)
    if (cgraph_will_be_removed_from_program_if_no_direct_calls (v)
	&& !cgraph_for_node_and_aliases (v,
					 has_unded_caller_from_outside_scc_p,
					 NULL, true))
      IPA_NODE_REF (v)->node_dead = 1;

  for (v = node; v ; v = ((struct ipa_dfs_info *) v->aux)->next_cycle)
    if (!IPA_NODE_REF (v)->node_dead)
      spread_undeadness (v);

  if (dump_file && (dump_flags & TDF_DETAILS))
    {
      for (v = node; v ; v = ((struct ipa_dfs_info *) v->aux)->next_cycle)
	if (IPA_NODE_REF (v)->node_dead)
	  fprintf (dump_file, "  Marking node as dead: %s/%i.\n",
		   cgraph_node_name (v), v->uid);
    }
}

/* The decision stage.  Iterate over the topological order of call graph nodes
   TOPO and make specialized clones if deemed beneficial.  */

static void
ipcp_decision_stage (struct topo_info *topo)
{
  int i;

  if (dump_file)
    fprintf (dump_file, "\nIPA decision stage:\n\n");

  for (i = topo->nnodes - 1; i >= 0; i--)
    {
      struct cgraph_node *node = topo->order[i];
      bool change = false, iterate = true;

      while (iterate)
	{
	  struct cgraph_node *v;
	  iterate = false;
	  for (v = node; v ; v = ((struct ipa_dfs_info *) v->aux)->next_cycle)
	    if (cgraph_function_with_gimple_body_p (v)
		&& ipcp_versionable_function_p (v))
	      iterate |= decide_whether_version_node (v);

	  change |= iterate;
	}
      if (change)
	identify_dead_nodes (node);
    }
}

/* The IPCP driver.  */

static unsigned int
ipcp_driver (void)
{
  struct topo_info topo;

  cgraph_remove_unreachable_nodes (true,dump_file);
  ipa_check_create_node_params ();
  ipa_check_create_edge_args ();
  ipcp_values_pool = create_alloc_pool ("IPA-CP values",
					sizeof (struct ipcp_value), 32);
  ipcp_sources_pool = create_alloc_pool ("IPA-CP value sources",
					 sizeof (struct ipcp_value_source), 64);

  if (dump_file)
    {
      fprintf (dump_file, "\nIPA structures before propagation:\n");
      if (dump_flags & TDF_DETAILS)
        ipa_print_all_params (dump_file);
      ipa_print_all_jump_functions (dump_file);
    }

  build_topo_info (&topo);
  /* 2. Do the interprocedural propagation.  */
  ipcp_propagate_stage (&topo);
  /* 3. Decide what constant propagation and cloning should be performed.  */
  ipcp_decision_stage (&topo);

  /* Free all IPCP structures.  */
  free_topo_info (&topo);

  ipa_free_all_structures_after_ipa_cp ();
  if (dump_file)
    fprintf (dump_file, "\nIPA constant propagation end\n");
  return 0;
}

/* Initialization and computation of IPCP data structures.  This is the initial
   intraprocedural analysis of functions, which gathers information to be
   propagated later on.  */

static void
ipcp_generate_summary (void)
{
  struct cgraph_node *node;

  if (dump_file)
    fprintf (dump_file, "\nIPA constant propagation start:\n");
  ipa_register_cgraph_hooks ();

  /* FIXME: We could propagate through thunks happily and we could be
     even able to clone them, if needed.  Do that later.  */
  FOR_EACH_FUNCTION_WITH_GIMPLE_BODY (node)
      {
	/* Unreachable nodes should have been eliminated before ipcp.  */
	gcc_assert (node->needed || node->reachable);

	inline_summary (node)->versionable = tree_versionable_function_p (node->decl);
	ipa_analyze_node (node);
      }
}

/* Write ipcp summary for nodes in SET.  */

static void
ipcp_write_summary (cgraph_node_set set,
		    varpool_node_set vset ATTRIBUTE_UNUSED)
{
  ipa_prop_write_jump_functions (set);
}

/* Read ipcp summary.  */

static void
ipcp_read_summary (void)
{
  ipa_prop_read_jump_functions ();
}

/* Gate for IPCP optimization.  */

static bool
cgraph_gate_cp (void)
{
  /* FIXME: We should remove the optimize check after we ensure we never run
     IPA passes when not optimizing.  */
  return flag_ipa_cp && optimize;
}

struct ipa_opt_pass_d pass_ipa_cp =
{
 {
  IPA_PASS,
  "cp",				/* name */
  cgraph_gate_cp,		/* gate */
  ipcp_driver,			/* execute */
  NULL,				/* sub */
  NULL,				/* next */
  0,				/* static_pass_number */
  TV_IPA_CONSTANT_PROP,		/* tv_id */
  0,				/* properties_required */
  0,				/* properties_provided */
  0,				/* properties_destroyed */
  0,				/* todo_flags_start */
  TODO_dump_cgraph | TODO_dump_func |
  TODO_remove_functions | TODO_ggc_collect /* todo_flags_finish */
 },
 ipcp_generate_summary,			/* generate_summary */
 ipcp_write_summary,			/* write_summary */
 ipcp_read_summary,			/* read_summary */
 NULL,					/* write_optimization_summary */
 NULL,					/* read_optimization_summary */
 NULL,			 		/* stmt_fixup */
 0,					/* TODOs */
 NULL,					/* function_transform */
 NULL,					/* variable_transform */
};
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