c_std/ and throw()

Jakub Jelinek jakub@redhat.com
Wed Apr 11 08:39:00 GMT 2001

On Wed, Apr 11, 2001 at 06:17:28PM +0400, Artem Khodush wrote:
> Jakub Jelinek <jakub@redhat.com> wrote:
> > The c_std/ headers throw away the carefully maintained throw()
> > lists glibc maintains in its installed headers for functions which cannot
> > throw.
> > IMHO this is bad and results in worse code generation.
> May be I'm missing something, but for all compilers I know adding 
> throw() lists to function declaration actually makes code _worse_, 
> because any call to such function should be wrapped in a code 
> that checks for violations of throw specifications at run time. 

Adding throw() (note the empty list) means the function cannot throw any
exceptions, which means g++ can count on this.
Try compiling
extern "C" void foo(void) throw();
extern "C" void bar(void);

struct C {
  void n();

void f()
  C x;

void b()
  C x;

On i386 with g++ 3.1 branch and -O2, _Z1fv is 41 bytes while while _Z1bv is
63 bytes.
And the vast majority of glibc functions cannot throw any exceptions, it is
C code compiled with -fno-exceptions. The exceptions in glibc are functions
like qsort or bsearch which take function pointer argument, which could be
written in C++ and throw exceptions. These functions are compiled with
-fexceptions and have no throw() at their prototypes in glibc headers.


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