Relocation problem with MIPS kernel modules

David Daney
Mon Aug 3 18:45:00 GMT 2009

David VomLehn wrote:
> On Mon, Aug 03, 2009 at 10:20:30AM +0100, Ralf Baechle wrote:
>> On Thu, Jul 30, 2009 at 11:49:23AM -0700, David VomLehn wrote:
>>> To: GCC Help Mailing List <>,
>>> 	Linux MIPS Mailing List <>
>>> Subject: Relocation problem with MIPS kernel modules
>>> Content-Type: text/plain; charset=us-ascii
>>> I have a MIPS loadable kernel module that, when I try to insmod it, causes the
>>> kernel to emit the message:
>>> 	module xyz: dangerous relocation
> ...
>>> According to the MIPS ABI, for what it's worth, "Each relocation type of
>>> R_MIPS_HI16 must have an associated R_MIPS_LO16 entry immediately following
>>> it in the list of relocations." So, what's actually getting generated by
>>> gcc and linker differs from the closest thing we have to an ABI of record for
>>> MIPS processors.
>> The GNU tools as an extension over the MIPS ABI allows an arbitrary number of
>> R_MIPS_HI16 relocations to be followed by a R_MIPS_LO16 symbol.  All
>> relocations of this sequence must use the same symbol, of course.  This is
>> a very old extension; I think it predates the Linux/MIPS port.
> Perhaps a foolish question, but is this documented anywhere?

What more documentation do you need?  It's obvious if you read 
bfd/elf{32,64,xx}-mips.c :-).

David Daney

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