Reload pass ignores constraints. Why?

Georg-Johann Lay
Wed Apr 15 16:55:00 GMT 2009

Ian Lance Taylor schrieb:
> Georg-Johann Lay <> writes:
>>> that--if LEGITIMATE_CONSTANT_P accepts 0xffffff--then you need to ensure
>>> that your movsi insn will handle 0xffffff directly, without using any
>>> pseudo-registers when can_create_pseudo_p returns false.
>> That works, of course. But I must admit that I prefer to express what
>> is going on in terms of algebra, i.e. in terms of RTL instead of
>> acting as if the core could handle the constant and just printng out
>> some asm sequencs. movsi expands constants that cannot be loaded in
>> one machine instruction to a movesi_insn and an arithmetic insn, and
>> movsi_insn therefore allows only constants that are easy to load.
> You shouldn't print out some asm sequence, you should make movsi a
> define_expand which emits a sequence of insns which do not require new
> pseudo-registers.  See, e.g., mips_move_integer which is called
> (indirectly) by the mov<mode> define_expand in

Up to now, I see the following stategies:

i)   Expand to a single insn that matched by *movsi_insn:
      Bad, because not optimal and the insn output will print several
      asm statements en bloc (the movsi expander does not print
      anything, of course)

ii)  Expand into MOV+LSHIFTRT and deny the resulting const in
      *movsi_insn predicate and condition:
      Bad, because it crashes reload (as we saw above)

iii) Expand into MOV+LSHIFTRT and allow the resulting const in
      CSE et. al. will reconstruct the original constant and
      replace MOV+LSHIFTRT with a single SET:
      Bad: expanding was in vain and we Goto i)

iv)  Expand into MOV+LSHIFTRT and remove the const from
      Bad, because constant will end up in constant pool.

v)   Expand into MOV+ADD sequence. Works(?), but
      Bad: Code bloat of 100% compared to optimum.
      Ok, I could catch it in a peep2...
      The difference is that in contrast to lshiftrt the add
      can handle the required addition without need of reloads.

vi)  Expand into MOV+LSHIFTRT and allow the constand only if
      Bad: runs into ICE
      I didn't follow this path any further. Looks too hacky.

The movMM expa
>> What I do not understand is that a MOV/ADD sequence (which covers
>> large constants) works on RTL level, whereas MOV/SHIFTRT (which is
>> more efficient in some cases) shreds global alloc. Other strategies
>> could be MOV/[AND|IOR|XOR|BSWAP...] which won't work either, though.
> I don't know exactly what is going on.  But it is most likely just a
> coincidence that it is failing when using SHIFTRT.  There is probably
> some way to make it fail in other ways as well.

Would state it like this: If the movMM expander expands the move into
several insns, each insn must be able to handle an alternative (which
reload might select) without needing a reload.


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