error: no match for `std::string& != long int' operator

Arno Wilhelm arno.wilhelm@profile.co.at
Wed Sep 1 11:07:00 GMT 2004


It seems that you are mixing up C-Strings with std::string.
Std::string is an object and you need an iterator to "walk" through it:


// compile with: g++ -W -Wall -g -o std_string stdstring.cpp

#include <iostream>
#include <string>

using namespace std;

int main(void)
{
        string s1("0123456789abcdefghijklmnopqrstuvwxyz");

        std::string::const_iterator iter = s1.begin();
        for( ; iter != s1.end(); ++iter )
                {
                cout << *iter << " " << int(*iter) << endl;
                }

return 0;
}

A C-String is a pointer to the beginning of an 0 terminated array of
chars. If you want to do the same with an C-String you would have to use
this code:

// compile with: g++ -W -Wall -g -o c_string cstring.cpp

#include <iostream>

using namespace std;

int main(void)
{
        char * s1 = "0123456789abcdefghijklmnopqrstuvwxyz";

        for( ; *s1 != 0x00; ++s1 )
                {
                cout << *s1 << " " << int(*s1) << endl;
                }

return 0;
}

Both of this programms give you the following output:

> ./c_string
0 48
1 49
2 50
3 51
4 52
5 53
6 54
7 55
8 56
9 57
a 97
b 98
c 99
d 100
e 101
f 102
g 103
h 104
i 105
j 106
k 107
l 108
m 109
n 110
o 111
p 112
q 113
r 114
s 115
t 116
u 117
v 118
w 119
x 120
y 121
z 122


Hope this helps,

Arno




> Hi,
> I have a short code hope to print the character of a string one by one. but 
> there are some errors.
> 
> if I declare srting s1, is s1 a pointer? are there some difference between C 
> and C++?
> #include <iostream>
> #include <string>
> 
> using namespace std;
> 
> int main(){
> 
> string s1("0123456789abcdefghijklmnopqrstuvwxyz");
> for(s1; s1!=NULL; ++s1)
> cout <<*s1<<" " <<int(*s1)<<"  ";
> 
> return 0;
> 
> }
> printc.cpp: In function `int main()':
> printc.cpp:9: error: no match for `std::string& != long int' operator
> printc.cpp:9: error: no match for `++ std::string&' operator
> printc.cpp:10: error: no match for `* std::string&' operator
> printc.cpp:10: error: no match for `* std::string&' operator
> printc.cpp:9: warning: statement with no effect
> 
> _________________________________________________________________
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-- 
Arno Wilhelm <arno.wilhelm@profile.co.at>
proFILE Computersysteme GmbH



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