[Bug c++/47634] Incorrect checking of attribute format printf on constructor of derived class with virtual base

cvs-commit at gcc dot gnu.org gcc-bugzilla@gcc.gnu.org
Sat May 7 14:44:12 GMT 2022


--- Comment #2 from CVS Commits <cvs-commit at gcc dot gnu.org> ---
The trunk branch has been updated by Marek Polacek <mpolacek@gcc.gnu.org>:


commit r13-167-g0c723bb4be2a67657828b692997855afcdc5d286
Author: Marek Polacek <polacek@redhat.com>
Date:   Thu Mar 31 18:31:39 2022 -0400

    c, c++: attribute format on a ctor with a vbase [PR101833, PR47634]

    Attribute format takes three arguments: archetype, string-index, and
    first-to-check.  The last two specify the position in the function
    parameter list.  r63030 clarified that "Since non-static C++ methods have
    an implicit this argument, the arguments of such methods should be counted
    from two, not one, when giving values for string-index and first-to-check."
    Therefore one has to write

      struct D {
        D(const char *, ...) __attribute__((format(printf, 2, 3)));

    However -- and this is the problem in this PR -- ctors with virtual
    bases also get two additional parameters: the in-charge parameter and
    the VTT parameter (added in maybe_retrofit_in_chrg).  In fact we'll end up
    with two clones of the ctor: an in-charge and a not-in-charge version (see
    build_cdtor_clones).  That means that the argument position the user
    specified in the attribute argument will refer to different arguments,
    depending on which constructor we're currently dealing with.  This can
    cause a range of problems: wrong errors, confusing warnings, or crashes.

    This patch corrects that; for C we don't have to do anything, and in C++
    we can use num_artificial_parms_for.  It would be wrong to rewrite the
    attributes the user supplied, so I've changed POS to be passed by
    reference so that we don't have to change all the call sites of
    positional_argument and we still get the default_conversion adjustment.

    Attribute format_arg is not affected, because it requires that the
    function returns "const char *" which will never be the case for cdtors.

            PR c++/101833
            PR c++/47634


            * c-attribs.cc (positional_argument): Pass POS by reference.  Deal
            with FN being either a function declaration or function type.  Use
            * c-common.cc (check_function_arguments): Maybe pass FNDECL down to
            * c-common.h (maybe_adjust_arg_pos_for_attribute): Declare.
            (positional_argument): Adjust.
            * c-format.cc (get_constant): Rename to ...
            (validate_constant): ... this.  Take EXPR by reference.  Return
            instead of tree.
            (handle_format_arg_attribute): Don't overwrite FORMAT_NUM_EXPR by
            return value of validate_constant.
            (decode_format_attr): Don't overwrite FORMAT_NUM_EXPR and
            FIRST_ARG_NUM_EXPR by the return value of validate_constant.
            (check_function_format): Adjust a parameter name.
            (handle_format_attribute): Maybe pass FNDECL down to


            * c-objc-common.cc (maybe_adjust_arg_pos_for_attribute): New.


            * tree.cc (maybe_adjust_arg_pos_for_attribute): New.


            * tree-core.h (struct attribute_spec): Update comment for HANDLER.


            * g++.dg/ext/attr-format-arg1.C: New test.
            * g++.dg/ext/attr-format1.C: New test.
            * g++.dg/ext/attr-format2.C: New test.
            * g++.dg/ext/attr-format3.C: New test.

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