[Bug lto/105876] use of -flto with g++ changes global extern const std::string initialization in unexpected manner

redi at gcc dot gnu.org gcc-bugzilla@gcc.gnu.org
Tue Jun 7 20:28:24 GMT 2022


--- Comment #9 from Jonathan Wakely <redi at gcc dot gnu.org> ---
(In reply to Kevin Hendricks from comment #3)
> I thought the C++ spec said that static initialization is done in two
> phases.  global (extern cost) variable are always initialized in the order
> they are declared first and local (dynamic) static initialization is always
> done second (and order across compilation units is undefined as your say).

No, that's not a correct description of what the standard says. You're mixing
up two separate concepts (which isn't entirely surprising because the standard
uses "static" to refer to too many different concepts).

> By definition isn't a global variable available in all translation units.

It can be referred to by name in all translation units, but that doesn't affect
when it is initialized.

Your extern const and your static const both have "static storage duration",
which describes their lifetime, i.e. when they are initialized and destroyed.

Their storage duration is orthogonal to whether the name is visible outside the
current translation unit, which is determined by their linkage. See 

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