[Bug c++/56782] New: [C++11] Regression with empty pack expansions

daniel.kruegler at googlemail dot com gcc-bugzilla@gcc.gnu.org
Fri Mar 29 13:44:00 GMT 2013


             Bug #: 56782
           Summary: [C++11] Regression with empty pack expansions
    Classification: Unclassified
           Product: gcc
           Version: 4.8.0
            Status: UNCONFIRMED
          Severity: normal
          Priority: P3
         Component: c++
        AssignedTo: unassigned@gcc.gnu.org
        ReportedBy: daniel.kruegler@googlemail.com

As of gcc 4.8.0 the following code is now rejected when compiled with flags

-std=c++11 -Wall -W -pedantic

template<class T>
T&& declval();

struct is_convertible_impl {
  template<class T>
  static void sink(T);

  template<class T, class U, class = decltype(sink<U>(declval<T>()))>
  static auto test(int) -> char;

  template<class, class>
  static auto test(...) -> char(&)[2];

template<class T, class U>
struct is_convertible : is_convertible_impl
  static const bool value = sizeof(test<T, U>(0)) == 1;

template<bool, class>
struct enable_if {};

template<class T>
struct enable_if<true, T> { typedef T type; };

template<bool, class If, class Else>
struct conditional { typedef If type; };

template<class If, class Else>
struct conditional<false, If, Else> { typedef Else type; };

struct and_;

struct and_<>
  static const bool value = true;

template<class P>
struct and_<P> : P

template<class P1, class P2>
struct and_<P1, P2> : conditional<P1::value, P2, P1>::type

template<class... T>
struct Tuple {
  template<class... U,
    class = typename enable_if<and_<
      is_convertible<U, T>...
    >::value, int>::type

static_assert(is_convertible<Tuple<int>, Tuple<int>>::value, "Ouch"); // OK

static_assert(is_convertible<Tuple<>, Tuple<>>::value, "Ouch"); // Error

The diagnostics being:

Compilation finished with errors:
source.cpp:18:48: error: template instantiation depth exceeds maximum of 900
(use -ftemplate-depth= to increase the maximum) substituting 'template<class,
class> static char (& is_convertible_impl::test(...))[2] [with
<template-parameter-1-1> = Tuple<>; <template-parameter-1-2> = Tuple<>]'
static const bool value = sizeof(test<T, U>(0)) == 1;
source.cpp:55:5: recursively required from 'const bool is_convertible<Tuple<>,
Tuple<> >::value'
source.cpp:55:5: required from 'const bool is_convertible<Tuple<>, Tuple<>
source.cpp:64:49: required from here

source.cpp:18:48: error: no matching function for call to
'is_convertible<Tuple<>, Tuple<> >::test(int)'
source.cpp:18:48: note: candidates are:
source.cpp:9:15: note: template<class T, class U, class> static char
static auto test(int) -> char;
source.cpp:9:15: note: template argument deduction/substitution failed:
source.cpp:12:15: note: template<class, class> static char (&
static auto test(...) -> char(&)[2];
source.cpp:12:15: note: substitution of deduced template arguments resulted in
errors seen above
source.cpp:64:1: error: non-constant condition for static assertion
static_assert(is_convertible<Tuple<>, Tuple<>>::value, "Ouch"); // Error
source.cpp:64:1: error: the value of 'is_convertible<Tuple<>, Tuple<> >::value'
is not usable in a constant expression
source.cpp:18:21: note: 'is_convertible<Tuple<>, Tuple<> >::value' was not
initialized with a constant expression
static const bool value = sizeof(test<T, U>(0)) == 1;

The code is accepted with gcc 4.7.2 and with Clang 3.2.

It seems that for empty expansions the compiler erroneously does enter into the
actually empty expansion:

is_convertible<U, T>...

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