[Bug lto/53808] New: Undefined symbol when building a library with lto

rafael.espindola at gmail dot com gcc-bugzilla@gcc.gnu.org
Fri Jun 29 18:20:00 GMT 2012


             Bug #: 53808
           Summary: Undefined symbol when building a library with lto
    Classification: Unclassified
           Product: gcc
           Version: unknown
            Status: UNCONFIRMED
          Severity: normal
          Priority: P3
         Component: lto
        AssignedTo: unassigned@gcc.gnu.org
        ReportedBy: rafael.espindola@gmail.com

The gcc lto plugin can drop a symbol that another translation unit has an
undefined reference to.

This might also be a bug in gcc (>= 4.6, with and without lto) producing an
undefined reference, the ABI is not very clear.

$ cat test.h
struct foo {
 virtual ~foo();
struct bar : public foo {
 virtual void zed();
$ cat def.cpp
#include "test.h"
void bar::zed() {
$ cat undef.cpp
#include "test.h"
void f() {
 foo *x(new bar);
 delete x;

Compile with:

$ ~/gcc/build/gcc/xgcc -B ~/gcc/build/gcc/ -c undef.cpp -o undef.o -O3 -fPIC
$ nm undef.o | grep D0
                U _ZN3barD0Ev

$ ~/gcc/build/gcc/xgcc -B ~/gcc/build/gcc/ -c def.cpp -o def.o -O3 -flto -fPIC
$ ~/gcc/build/gcc/xgcc -B ~/gcc/build/gcc/ def.o -o def.so -shared
$ readelf  -sDW def.so | grep bar
  12   7: 0000000000000931     5 OBJECT  WEAK   DEFAULT  13 _ZTS3bar
  11  10: 0000000000001ca0    40 OBJECT  WEAK   DEFAULT  24 _ZTV3bar
  13  14: 0000000000001cd0    24 OBJECT  WEAK   DEFAULT  24 _ZTI3bar
   8  15: 00000000000008b0    10 FUNC    GLOBAL DEFAULT  11 _ZN3bar3zedEv

Note that we have the vtable, but no the destructor.

$ g++ -shared -o foo.so undef.o def.so -Wl,-z,defs
undef.o:undef.cpp:function f(): error: undefined reference to 'bar::~bar()'

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