The input text may contain preprocessor conditional inclusion lines, as well as general symbol substitution sequences.
The preprocessor conditional inclusion commands have the form:
#if <expression> [then] lines #elsif <expression> [then] lines #elsif <expression> [then] lines ... #else lines #end if;
In this example, <expression> is defined by the following grammar:
<expression> ::= <symbol> <expression> ::= <symbol> = "<value>" <expression> ::= <symbol> = <symbol> <expression> ::= <symbol> = <integer> <expression> ::= <symbol> > <integer> <expression> ::= <symbol> >= <integer> <expression> ::= <symbol> < <integer> <expression> ::= <symbol> <= <integer> <expression> ::= <symbol> 'Defined <expression> ::= not <expression> <expression> ::= <expression> and <expression> <expression> ::= <expression> or <expression> <expression> ::= <expression> and then <expression> <expression> ::= <expression> or else <expression> <expression> ::= ( <expression> )
Note the following restriction: it is not allowed to have “and” or “or” following “not” in the same expression without parentheses. For example, this is not allowed:
not X or Y
This can be expressed instead as one of the following forms:
(not X) or Y not (X or Y)
For the first test (<expression> ::= <symbol>) the symbol must have
either the value true or false, that is to say the right-hand of the
symbol definition must be one of the (case-insensitive) literals
False. If the value is true, then the
corresponding lines are included, and if the value is false, they are
When comparing a symbol to an integer, the integer is any non negative literal integer as defined in the Ada Reference Manual, such as 3, 16#FF# or 2#11#. The symbol value must also be a non negative integer. Integer values in the range 0 .. 2**31-1 are supported.
The test (<expression> ::= <symbol>’Defined) is true only if
the symbol has been defined in the definition file or by a
switch on the command line. Otherwise, the test is false.
The equality tests are case insensitive, as are all the preprocessor lines.
If the symbol referenced is not defined in the symbol definitions file,
then the effect depends on whether or not switch
is specified. If so, then the symbol is treated as if it had the value
false and the test fails. If this switch is not specified, then
it is an error to reference an undefined symbol. It is also an error to
reference a symbol that is defined with a value other than
The use of the
not operator inverts the sense of this logical test.
not operator cannot be combined with the
operators, without parentheses. For example, “if not X or Y then” is not
allowed, but “if (not X) or Y then” and “if not (X or Y) then” are.
then keyword is optional as shown
# must be the first non-blank character on a line, but
otherwise the format is free form. Spaces or tabs may appear between
# and the keyword. The keywords and the symbols are case
insensitive as in normal Ada code. Comments may be used on a
preprocessor line, but other than that, no other tokens may appear on a
preprocessor line. Any number of
elsif clauses can be present,
including none at all. The
else is optional, as in Ada.
# marking the start of a preprocessor line must be the first
non-blank character on the line, i.e., it must be preceded only by
spaces or horizontal tabs.
Symbol substitution outside of preprocessor lines is obtained by using the sequence:
anywhere within a source line, except in a comment or within a
string literal. The identifier
$ must match one of the symbols defined in the symbol
definition file, and the result is to substitute the value of the
symbol in place of
$symbol in the output file.
Note that although the substitution of strings within a string literal
is not possible, it is possible to have a symbol whose defined value is
a string literal. So instead of setting XYZ to
hello and writing:
Header : String := "$XYZ";
you should set XYZ to
"hello" and write:
Header : String := $XYZ;
and then the substitution will occur as desired.