The Fortran standard describes how a conforming program shall behave; however, the exact implementation is not standardized. In order to allow the user to choose specific implementation details, compiler directives can be used to set attributes of variables and procedures which are not part of the standard. Whether a given attribute is supported and its exact effects depend on both the operating system and on the processor; see C Extensions in Using the GNU Compiler Collection (GCC) for details.
For procedures and procedure pointers, the following attributes can be used to change the calling convention:
CDECL– standard C calling convention
STDCALL– convention where the called procedure pops the stack
FASTCALL– part of the arguments are passed via registers instead using the stack
Besides changing the calling convention, the attributes also influence the decoration of the symbol name, e.g., by a leading underscore or by a trailing at-sign followed by the number of bytes on the stack. When assigning a procedure to a procedure pointer, both should use the same calling convention.
On some systems, procedures and global variables (module variables and
COMMON blocks) need special handling to be accessible when they
are in a shared library. The following attributes are available:
DLLEXPORT– provide a global pointer to a pointer in the DLL
DLLIMPORT– reference the function or variable using a global pointer
For dummy arguments, the
NO_ARG_CHECK attribute can be used; in
other compilers, it is also known as
IGNORE_TKR. For dummy arguments
with this attribute actual arguments of any type and kind (similar to
TYPE(*)), scalars and arrays of any rank (no equivalent
in Fortran standard) are accepted. As with
TYPE(*), the argument
is unlimited polymorphic and no type information is available.
Additionally, the argument may only be passed to dummy arguments
NO_ARG_CHECK attribute and as argument to the
PRESENT intrinsic function and to
C_LOC of the
NO_ARG_CHECK attribute shall be of assumed-type
TYPE(*); recommended) or of type
COMPLEX. They shall not have the
attribute; furthermore, they shall be either scalar or of assumed-size
requires an explicit interface.
NO_ARG_CHECK– disable the type, kind and rank checking
DEPRECATED– print a warning when using a such-tagged deprecated procedure, variable or parameter; the warning can be suppressed with -Wno-deprecated-declarations.
The attributes are specified using the syntax
!GCC$ ATTRIBUTES attribute-list
where in free-form source code only whitespace is allowed before
and in fixed-form source code
start in the first column.
For procedures, the compiler directives shall be placed into the body of the procedure; for variables and procedure pointers, they shall be in the same declaration part as the variable or procedure pointer.