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18.15.1 Representation of condition codes using registers

Macro: SELECT_CC_MODE (op, x, y)

On many machines, the condition code may be produced by other instructions than compares, for example the branch can use directly the condition code set by a subtract instruction. However, on some machines when the condition code is set this way some bits (such as the overflow bit) are not set in the same way as a test instruction, so that a different branch instruction must be used for some conditional branches. When this happens, use the machine mode of the condition code register to record different formats of the condition code register. Modes can also be used to record which compare instruction (e.g. a signed or an unsigned comparison) produced the condition codes.

If other modes than CCmode are required, add them to machine-modes.def and define SELECT_CC_MODE to choose a mode given an operand of a compare. This is needed because the modes have to be chosen not only during RTL generation but also, for example, by instruction combination. The result of SELECT_CC_MODE should be consistent with the mode used in the patterns; for example to support the case of the add on the SPARC discussed above, we have the pattern

(define_insn ""
  [(set (reg:CCNZ 0)
          (plus:SI (match_operand:SI 0 "register_operand" "%r")
                   (match_operand:SI 1 "arith_operand" "rI"))
          (const_int 0)))]

together with a SELECT_CC_MODE that returns CCNZmode for comparisons whose argument is a plus:

#define SELECT_CC_MODE(OP,X,Y) \
  (GET_MODE_CLASS (GET_MODE (X)) == MODE_FLOAT           \
   ? ((OP == LT || OP == LE || OP == GT || OP == GE)     \
      ? CCFPEmode : CCFPmode)                            \
   : ((GET_CODE (X) == PLUS || GET_CODE (X) == MINUS     \
       || GET_CODE (X) == NEG || GET_CODE (x) == ASHIFT) \
      ? CCNZmode : CCmode))

Another reason to use modes is to retain information on which operands were used by the comparison; see REVERSIBLE_CC_MODE later in this section.

You should define this macro if and only if you define extra CC modes in machine-modes.def.

Target Hook: void TARGET_CANONICALIZE_COMPARISON (int *code, rtx *op0, rtx *op1, bool op0_preserve_value)

On some machines not all possible comparisons are defined, but you can convert an invalid comparison into a valid one. For example, the Alpha does not have a GT comparison, but you can use an LT comparison instead and swap the order of the operands.

On such machines, implement this hook to do any required conversions. code is the initial comparison code and op0 and op1 are the left and right operands of the comparison, respectively. If op0_preserve_value is true the implementation is not allowed to change the value of op0 since the value might be used in RTXs which aren’t comparisons. E.g. the implementation is not allowed to swap operands in that case.

GCC will not assume that the comparison resulting from this macro is valid but will see if the resulting insn matches a pattern in the md file.

You need not to implement this hook if it would never change the comparison code or operands.


A C expression whose value is one if it is always safe to reverse a comparison whose mode is mode. If SELECT_CC_MODE can ever return mode for a floating-point inequality comparison, then REVERSIBLE_CC_MODE (mode) must be zero.

You need not define this macro if it would always returns zero or if the floating-point format is anything other than IEEE_FLOAT_FORMAT. For example, here is the definition used on the SPARC, where floating-point inequality comparisons are given either CCFPEmode or CCFPmode:

   ((MODE) != CCFPEmode && (MODE) != CCFPmode)
Macro: REVERSE_CONDITION (code, mode)

A C expression whose value is reversed condition code of the code for comparison done in CC_MODE mode. The macro is used only in case REVERSIBLE_CC_MODE (mode) is nonzero. Define this macro in case machine has some non-standard way how to reverse certain conditionals. For instance in case all floating point conditions are non-trapping, compiler may freely convert unordered compares to ordered ones. Then definition may look like:

   ((MODE) != CCFPmode ? reverse_condition (CODE) \
    : reverse_condition_maybe_unordered (CODE))
Target Hook: bool TARGET_FIXED_CONDITION_CODE_REGS (unsigned int *p1, unsigned int *p2)

On targets which use a hard register rather than a pseudo-register to hold condition codes, the regular CSE passes are often not able to identify cases in which the hard register is set to a common value. Use this hook to enable a small pass which optimizes such cases. This hook should return true to enable this pass, and it should set the integers to which its arguments point to the hard register numbers used for condition codes. When there is only one such register, as is true on most systems, the integer pointed to by p2 should be set to INVALID_REGNUM.

The default version of this hook returns false.

Target Hook: machine_mode TARGET_CC_MODES_COMPATIBLE (machine_mode m1, machine_mode m2)

On targets which use multiple condition code modes in class MODE_CC, it is sometimes the case that a comparison can be validly done in more than one mode. On such a system, define this target hook to take two mode arguments and to return a mode in which both comparisons may be validly done. If there is no such mode, return VOIDmode.

The default version of this hook checks whether the modes are the same. If they are, it returns that mode. If they are different, it returns VOIDmode.

Target Hook: unsigned int TARGET_FLAGS_REGNUM

If the target has a dedicated flags register, and it needs to use the post-reload comparison elimination pass, or the delay slot filler pass, then this value should be set appropriately.

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