The functions to query the information about loops are declared in
cfgloop.h. Some of the information can be taken directly from
loop_father field of each basic block contains
the innermost loop to that the block belongs. The most useful fields of
loop structure (that are kept up-to-date at all times) are:
latch: Header and latch basic blocks of the loop.
num_nodes: Number of basic blocks in the loop (including the basic blocks of the sub-loops).
next: The super-loop, the first sub-loop, and the sibling of the loop in the loops tree.
There are other fields in the loop structures, many of them used only by some of the passes, or not updated during CFG changes; in general, they should not be accessed directly.
The most important functions to query loop structures are:
loop_depth: The depth of the loop in the loops tree, i.e., the number of super-loops of the loop.
flow_loops_dump: Dumps the information about loops to a file.
verify_loop_structure: Checks consistency of the loop structures.
loop_latch_edge: Returns the latch edge of a loop.
loop_preheader_edge: If loops have preheaders, returns the preheader edge of a loop.
flow_loop_nested_p: Tests whether loop is a sub-loop of another loop.
flow_bb_inside_loop_p: Tests whether a basic block belongs to a loop (including its sub-loops).
find_common_loop: Finds the common super-loop of two loops.
superloop_at_depth: Returns the super-loop of a loop with the given depth.
num_loop_insns: Estimates the number of insns in the loop, on GIMPLE and on RTL.
loop_exit_edge_p: Tests whether edge is an exit from a loop.
mark_loop_exit_edges: Marks all exit edges of all loops with
get_loop_body_in_bfs_order: Enumerates the basic blocks in the loop in depth-first search order in reversed CFG, ordered by dominance relation, and breath-first search order, respectively.
single_exit: Returns the single exit edge of the loop, or
NULLif the loop has more than one exit. You can only use this function if LOOPS_HAVE_MARKED_SINGLE_EXITS property is used.
get_loop_exit_edges: Enumerates the exit edges of a loop.
just_once_each_iteration_p: Returns true if the basic block is executed exactly once during each iteration of a loop (that is, it does not belong to a sub-loop, and it dominates the latch of the loop).