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3.18.39 RISC-V Options

These command-line options are defined for RISC-V targets:

-mbranch-cost=n

Set the cost of branches to roughly n instructions.

-mplt
-mno-plt

When generating PIC code, do or don’t allow the use of PLTs. Ignored for non-PIC. The default is -mplt.

-mabi=ABI-string

Specify integer and floating-point calling convention. ABI-string contains two parts: the size of integer types and the registers used for floating-point types. For example ‘-march=rv64ifd -mabi=lp64d’ means that ‘long’ and pointers are 64-bit (implicitly defining ‘int’ to be 32-bit), and that floating-point values up to 64 bits wide are passed in F registers. Contrast this with ‘-march=rv64ifd -mabi=lp64f’, which still allows the compiler to generate code that uses the F and D extensions but only allows floating-point values up to 32 bits long to be passed in registers; or ‘-march=rv64ifd -mabi=lp64’, in which no floating-point arguments will be passed in registers.

The default for this argument is system dependent, users who want a specific calling convention should specify one explicitly. The valid calling conventions are: ‘ilp32’, ‘ilp32f’, ‘ilp32d’, ‘lp64’, ‘lp64f’, and ‘lp64d’. Some calling conventions are impossible to implement on some ISAs: for example, ‘-march=rv32if -mabi=ilp32d’ is invalid because the ABI requires 64-bit values be passed in F registers, but F registers are only 32 bits wide. There is also the ‘ilp32e’ ABI that can only be used with the ‘rv32e’ architecture. This ABI is not well specified at present, and is subject to change.

-mfdiv
-mno-fdiv

Do or don’t use hardware floating-point divide and square root instructions. This requires the F or D extensions for floating-point registers. The default is to use them if the specified architecture has these instructions.

-mdiv
-mno-div

Do or don’t use hardware instructions for integer division. This requires the M extension. The default is to use them if the specified architecture has these instructions.

-march=ISA-string

Generate code for given RISC-V ISA (e.g. ‘rv64im’). ISA strings must be lower-case. Examples include ‘rv64i’, ‘rv32g’, ‘rv32e’, and ‘rv32imaf’.

-mtune=processor-string

Optimize the output for the given processor, specified by microarchitecture name.

-mpreferred-stack-boundary=num

Attempt to keep the stack boundary aligned to a 2 raised to num byte boundary. If -mpreferred-stack-boundary is not specified, the default is 4 (16 bytes or 128-bits).

Warning: If you use this switch, then you must build all modules with the same value, including any libraries. This includes the system libraries and startup modules.

-msmall-data-limit=n

Put global and static data smaller than n bytes into a special section (on some targets).

-msave-restore
-mno-save-restore

Do or don’t use smaller but slower prologue and epilogue code that uses library function calls. The default is to use fast inline prologues and epilogues.

-mstrict-align
-mno-strict-align

Do not or do generate unaligned memory accesses. The default is set depending on whether the processor we are optimizing for supports fast unaligned access or not.

-mcmodel=medlow

Generate code for the medium-low code model. The program and its statically defined symbols must lie within a single 2 GiB address range and must lie between absolute addresses -2 GiB and +2 GiB. Programs can be statically or dynamically linked. This is the default code model.

-mcmodel=medany

Generate code for the medium-any code model. The program and its statically defined symbols must be within any single 2 GiB address range. Programs can be statically or dynamically linked.

-mexplicit-relocs
-mno-exlicit-relocs

Use or do not use assembler relocation operators when dealing with symbolic addresses. The alternative is to use assembler macros instead, which may limit optimization.

-mrelax
-mno-relax

Take advantage of linker relaxations to reduce the number of instructions required to materialize symbol addresses. The default is to take advantage of linker relaxations.


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