Next: , Up: Basic PowerPC Built-in Functions   [Contents][Index]


6.58.21.1 Basic PowerPC Built-in Functions Available on all Configurations

Built-in Function: void __builtin_cpu_init (void)

This function is a nop on the PowerPC platform and is included solely to maintain API compatibility with the x86 builtins.

Built-in Function: int __builtin_cpu_is (const char *cpuname)

This function returns a value of 1 if the run-time CPU is of type cpuname and returns 0 otherwise

The __builtin_cpu_is function requires GLIBC 2.23 or newer which exports the hardware capability bits. GCC defines the macro __BUILTIN_CPU_SUPPORTS__ if the __builtin_cpu_supports built-in function is fully supported.

If GCC was configured to use a GLIBC before 2.23, the built-in function __builtin_cpu_is always returns a 0 and the compiler issues a warning.

The following CPU names can be detected:

power9

IBM POWER9 Server CPU.

power8

IBM POWER8 Server CPU.

power7

IBM POWER7 Server CPU.

power6x

IBM POWER6 Server CPU (RAW mode).

power6

IBM POWER6 Server CPU (Architected mode).

power5+

IBM POWER5+ Server CPU.

power5

IBM POWER5 Server CPU.

ppc970

IBM 970 Server CPU (ie, Apple G5).

power4

IBM POWER4 Server CPU.

ppca2

IBM A2 64-bit Embedded CPU

ppc476

IBM PowerPC 476FP 32-bit Embedded CPU.

ppc464

IBM PowerPC 464 32-bit Embedded CPU.

ppc440

PowerPC 440 32-bit Embedded CPU.

ppc405

PowerPC 405 32-bit Embedded CPU.

ppc-cell-be

IBM PowerPC Cell Broadband Engine Architecture CPU.

Here is an example:

#ifdef __BUILTIN_CPU_SUPPORTS__
  if (__builtin_cpu_is ("power8"))
    {
       do_power8 (); // POWER8 specific implementation.
    }
  else
#endif
    {
       do_generic (); // Generic implementation.
    }
Built-in Function: int __builtin_cpu_supports (const char *feature)

This function returns a value of 1 if the run-time CPU supports the HWCAP feature feature and returns 0 otherwise.

The __builtin_cpu_supports function requires GLIBC 2.23 or newer which exports the hardware capability bits. GCC defines the macro __BUILTIN_CPU_SUPPORTS__ if the __builtin_cpu_supports built-in function is fully supported.

If GCC was configured to use a GLIBC before 2.23, the built-in function __builtin_cpu_suports always returns a 0 and the compiler issues a warning.

The following features can be detected:

4xxmac

4xx CPU has a Multiply Accumulator.

altivec

CPU has a SIMD/Vector Unit.

arch_2_05

CPU supports ISA 2.05 (eg, POWER6)

arch_2_06

CPU supports ISA 2.06 (eg, POWER7)

arch_2_07

CPU supports ISA 2.07 (eg, POWER8)

arch_3_00

CPU supports ISA 3.0 (eg, POWER9)

archpmu

CPU supports the set of compatible performance monitoring events.

booke

CPU supports the Embedded ISA category.

cellbe

CPU has a CELL broadband engine.

darn

CPU supports the darn (deliver a random number) instruction.

dfp

CPU has a decimal floating point unit.

dscr

CPU supports the data stream control register.

ebb

CPU supports event base branching.

efpdouble

CPU has a SPE double precision floating point unit.

efpsingle

CPU has a SPE single precision floating point unit.

fpu

CPU has a floating point unit.

htm

CPU has hardware transaction memory instructions.

htm-nosc

Kernel aborts hardware transactions when a syscall is made.

htm-no-suspend

CPU supports hardware transaction memory but does not support the tsuspend. instruction.

ic_snoop

CPU supports icache snooping capabilities.

ieee128

CPU supports 128-bit IEEE binary floating point instructions.

isel

CPU supports the integer select instruction.

mmu

CPU has a memory management unit.

notb

CPU does not have a timebase (eg, 601 and 403gx).

pa6t

CPU supports the PA Semi 6T CORE ISA.

power4

CPU supports ISA 2.00 (eg, POWER4)

power5

CPU supports ISA 2.02 (eg, POWER5)

power5+

CPU supports ISA 2.03 (eg, POWER5+)

power6x

CPU supports ISA 2.05 (eg, POWER6) extended opcodes mffgpr and mftgpr.

ppc32

CPU supports 32-bit mode execution.

ppc601

CPU supports the old POWER ISA (eg, 601)

ppc64

CPU supports 64-bit mode execution.

ppcle

CPU supports a little-endian mode that uses address swizzling.

scv

Kernel supports system call vectored.

smt

CPU support simultaneous multi-threading.

spe

CPU has a signal processing extension unit.

tar

CPU supports the target address register.

true_le

CPU supports true little-endian mode.

ucache

CPU has unified I/D cache.

vcrypto

CPU supports the vector cryptography instructions.

vsx

CPU supports the vector-scalar extension.

Here is an example:

#ifdef __BUILTIN_CPU_SUPPORTS__
  if (__builtin_cpu_supports ("fpu"))
    {
       asm("fadd %0,%1,%2" : "=d"(dst) : "d"(src1), "d"(src2));
    }
  else
#endif
    {
       dst = __fadd (src1, src2); // Software FP addition function.
    }

The following built-in functions are also available on all PowerPC processors:

uint64_t __builtin_ppc_get_timebase ();
unsigned long __builtin_ppc_mftb ();
__ibm128 __builtin_unpack_ibm128 (__ibm128, int);
__ibm128 __builtin_pack_ibm128 (double, double);
double __builtin_mffs (void);
void __builtin_mtfsb0 (const int);
void __builtin_mtfsb1 (const int);
void __builtin_set_fpscr_rn (int);

The __builtin_ppc_get_timebase and __builtin_ppc_mftb functions generate instructions to read the Time Base Register. The __builtin_ppc_get_timebase function may generate multiple instructions and always returns the 64 bits of the Time Base Register. The __builtin_ppc_mftb function always generates one instruction and returns the Time Base Register value as an unsigned long, throwing away the most significant word on 32-bit environments. The __builtin_mffs return the value of the FPSCR register. Note, ISA 3.0 supports the __builtin_mffsl() which permits software to read the control and non-sticky status bits in the FSPCR without the higher latency associated with accessing the sticky status bits. The __builtin_mtfsb0 and __builtin_mtfsb1 take the bit to change as an argument. The valid bit range is between 0 and 31. The builtins map to the mtfsb0 and mtfsb1 instructions which take the argument and add 32. Hence these instructions only modify the FPSCR[32:63] bits by changing the specified bit to a zero or one respectively. The __builtin_set_fpscr_rn builtin allows changing both of the floating point rounding mode bits. The argument is a 2-bit value. The argument can either be a const int or stored in a variable. The builtin uses the ISA 3.0 instruction mffscrn if available, otherwise it reads the FPSCR, masks the current rounding mode bits out and OR’s in the new value.


Next: , Up: Basic PowerPC Built-in Functions   [Contents][Index]