The form of the `gnatlink' command is
$ gnatlink [`switches`] `mainprog`[.ali] [`non-Ada objects`] [`linker options`]
The arguments of `gnatlink' (switches, main
or linker options) may be in any order, provided that no non-Ada object may
be mistaken for a main
Any file name
F without the
extension will be taken as the main
ALI file if a file exists
whose name is the concatenation of
mainprog.ali references the ALI file of the main program.
.ali extension of this file can be omitted. From this
reference, `gnatlink' locates the corresponding binder file
b~mainprog.adb and, using the information in this file along
with the list of non-Ada objects and linker options, constructs a
linker command file to create the executable.
The arguments other than the `gnatlink' switches and the main
ALI file are passed to the linker uninterpreted.
They typically include the names of
object files for units written in other languages than Ada and any library
references required to resolve references in any of these foreign language
units, or in Import pragmas in any Ada units.
linker options is an optional list of linker specific switches. The default linker called by gnatlink is `gcc' which in turn calls the appropriate system linker.
One useful option for the linker is `-s': it reduces the size of the executable by removing all symbol table and relocation information from the executable.
Standard options for the linker such as `-lmy_lib' or `-Ldir' can be added as is. For options that are not recognized by `gcc' as linker options, use the `gcc' switches `-Xlinker' or `-Wl,'.
Refer to the GCC documentation for details.
Here is an example showing how to generate a linker map:
$ gnatlink my_prog -Wl,-Map,MAPFILE
Using linker options it is possible to set the program stack and heap size. See Setting Stack Size from gnatlink and Setting Heap Size from gnatlink.
`gnatlink' determines the list of objects required by the Ada program and prepends them to the list of objects passed to the linker. `gnatlink' also gathers any arguments set by the use of pragma Linker_Options and adds them to the list of arguments presented to the linker.