4.4 Binding with gnatbind
This chapter describes the GNAT binder, gnatbind, which is used
to bind compiled GNAT objects.
Note: to invoke gnatbind with a project file, use the gnat
driver (see The GNAT Driver and Project Files).
The gnatbind program performs four separate functions:
- Checks that a program is consistent, in accordance with the rules in
Chapter 10 of the Ada Reference Manual. In particular, error
messages are generated if a program uses inconsistent versions of a
- Checks that an acceptable order of elaboration exists for the program
and issues an error message if it cannot find an order of elaboration
that satisfies the rules in Chapter 10 of the Ada Language Manual.
- Generates a main program incorporating the given elaboration order.
This program is a small Ada package (body and spec) that
must be subsequently compiled
using the GNAT compiler. The necessary compilation step is usually
performed automatically by `gnatlink'. The two most important
functions of this program
are to call the elaboration routines of units in an appropriate order
and to call the main program.
- Determines the set of object files required by the given main program.
This information is output in the forms of comments in the generated program,
to be read by the `gnatlink' utility used to link the Ada application.