Compilation can involve up to four stages: preprocessing, compilation proper, assembly and linking, always in that order. GCC is capable of preprocessing and compiling several files either into several assembler input files, or into one assembler input file; then each assembler input file produces an object file, and linking combines all the object files (those newly compiled, and those specified as input) into an executable file.
For any given input file, the file name suffix determines what kind of compilation is done:
libobjc.ato make an Objective-C program work.
.cxx, the last two letters must both be literally
.Crefers to a literal capital C.
See Options Controlling the Kind of Output, for more details of the handling of
Fortran input files.
You can specify the input language explicitly with the
-xoption. Possible values for language are:
c c-header cpp-output c++ c++-header c++-cpp-output objective-c objective-c-header objc-cpp-output assembler assembler-with-cpp ada f77 f77-cpp-input ratfor java treelang
-xhas not been used at all).
gccprogram will exit with the code of 1 if any phase of the compiler returns a non-success return code. If you specify
gccprogram will instead return with numerically highest error produced by any phase that returned an error indication.
If you only want some of the stages of compilation, you can use
-x (or filename suffixes) to tell
gcc where to start, and
one of the options
-E to say where
gcc is to stop. Note that some combinations (for example,
-x cpp-output -E) instruct
gcc to do nothing at all.
By default, the object file name for a source file is made by replacing
.s, etc., with
Unrecognized input files, not requiring compilation or assembly, are
By default, the assembler file name for a source file is made by
replacing the suffix
.i, etc., with
Input files that don't require compilation are ignored.
Input files which don't require preprocessing are ignored.
If you specify
-o when compiling more than one input file, or
you are producing an executable file as output, all the source files
on the command line will be compiled at once.
-o is not specified, the default is to put an executable file
a.out, the object file for
.o, its assembler file in
all preprocessed C source on standard output.
-vexcept the commands are not executed and all command arguments are quoted. This is useful for shell scripts to capture the driver-generated command lines.
gcc. If the
-voption is also specified then
--helpwill also be passed on to the various processes invoked by
gcc, so that they can display the command line options they accept. If the
-Wextraoption is also specified then command line options which have no documentation associated with them will also be displayed.