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2.90 Pragma Invariant


pragma Invariant
  ([Entity =>]    private_type_LOCAL_NAME,
   [Check  =>]    EXPRESSION
   [,[Message =>] String_Expression]);

This pragma provides exactly the same capabilities as the Type_Invariant aspect defined in AI05-0146-1, and in the Ada 2012 Reference Manual. The Type_Invariant aspect is fully implemented in Ada 2012 mode, but since it requires the use of the aspect syntax, which is not available except in 2012 mode, it is not possible to use the Type_Invariant aspect in earlier versions of Ada. However the Invariant pragma may be used in any version of Ada. Also note that the aspect Invariant is a synonym in GNAT for the aspect Type_Invariant, but there is no pragma Type_Invariant.

The pragma must appear within the visible part of the package specification, after the type to which its Entity argument appears. As with the Invariant aspect, the Check expression is not analyzed until the end of the visible part of the package, so it may contain forward references. The Message argument, if present, provides the exception message used if the invariant is violated. If no Message parameter is provided, a default message that identifies the line on which the pragma appears is used.

It is permissible to have multiple Invariants for the same type entity, in which case they are and’ed together. It is permissible to use this pragma in Ada 2012 mode, but you cannot have both an invariant aspect and an invariant pragma for the same entity.

For further details on the use of this pragma, see the Ada 2012 documentation of the Type_Invariant aspect.

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