PACK— Pack an array into an array of rank one
Stores the elements of ARRAY in an array of rank one.
The beginning of the resulting array is made up of elements whose MASK
TRUE. Afterwards, positions are filled with elements taken from
Fortran 90 and later
RESULT = PACK(ARRAY, MASK[,VECTOR])
|ARRAY||Shall be an array of any type.|
|MASK||Shall be an array of type |
|VECTOR||(Optional) shall be an array of the same type as ARRAY and of rank one. If present, the number of elements in VECTOR shall be equal to or greater than the number of true elements in MASK. If MASK is scalar, the number of elements in VECTOR shall be equal to or greater than the number of elements in ARRAY.|
The result is an array of rank one and the same type as that of ARRAY.
If VECTOR is present, the result size is that of VECTOR, the
TRUE values in MASK otherwise.
Gathering nonzero elements from an array:
PROGRAM test_pack_1 INTEGER :: m(6) m = (/ 1, 0, 0, 0, 5, 0 /) WRITE(*, FMT="(6(I0, ' '))") pack(m, m /= 0) ! "1 5" END PROGRAM
Gathering nonzero elements from an array and appending elements from VECTOR:
PROGRAM test_pack_2 INTEGER :: m(4) m = (/ 1, 0, 0, 2 /) ! The following results in "1 2 3 4" WRITE(*, FMT="(4(I0, ' '))") pack(m, m /= 0, (/ 0, 0, 3, 4 /)) END PROGRAM