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Re: C++ PATCH for c++/91264 - detect modifying const objects in constexpr


On Fri, Aug 16, 2019 at 05:40:39PM -0700, Jason Merrill wrote:
> On 8/16/19 5:11 AM, Marek Polacek wrote:
> > On Thu, Aug 15, 2019 at 08:21:25PM -0400, Jason Merrill wrote:
> > > On 8/15/19 5:34 PM, Marek Polacek wrote:
> > > > On Wed, Aug 14, 2019 at 02:50:13PM -0400, Jason Merrill wrote:
> > > > > On Thu, Aug 8, 2019 at 3:25 PM Marek Polacek <polacek@redhat.com> wrote:
> > > > > > 
> > > > > > On Thu, Aug 08, 2019 at 11:06:17AM -0400, Jason Merrill wrote:
> > > > > > > On 8/6/19 3:20 PM, Marek Polacek wrote:
> > > > > > > > On Mon, Aug 05, 2019 at 03:54:19PM -0400, Jason Merrill wrote:
> > > > > > > > > On 7/31/19 3:26 PM, Marek Polacek wrote:
> > > > > > > > > > One of the features of constexpr is that it doesn't allow UB; and such UB must
> > > > > > > > > > be detected at compile-time.  So running your code in a context that requires
> > > > > > > > > > a constant expression should ensure that the code in question is free of UB.
> > > > > > > > > > In effect, constexpr can serve as a sanitizer.  E.g. this article describes in
> > > > > > > > > > in more detail:
> > > > > > > > > > <https://shafik.github.io/c++/undefined%20behavior/2019/05/11/explporing_undefined_behavior_using_constexpr.html>
> > > > > > > > > > 
> > > > > > > > > > [dcl.type.cv]p4 says "Any attempt to modify a const object during its lifetime
> > > > > > > > > > results in undefined behavior." However, as the article above points out, we
> > > > > > > > > > aren't detecting that case in constexpr evaluation.
> > > > > > > > > > 
> > > > > > > > > > This patch fixes that.  It's not that easy, though, because we have to keep in
> > > > > > > > > > mind [class.ctor]p5:
> > > > > > > > > > "A constructor can be invoked for a const, volatile or const volatile object.
> > > > > > > > > > const and volatile semantics are not applied on an object under construction.
> > > > > > > > > > They come into effect when the constructor for the most derived object ends."
> > > > > > > > > > 
> > > > > > > > > > I handled this by keeping a hash set which tracks objects under construction.
> > > > > > > > > > I considered other options, such as going up call_stack, but that wouldn't
> > > > > > > > > > work with trivial constructor/op=.  It was also interesting to find out that
> > > > > > > > > > the definition of TREE_HAS_CONSTRUCTOR says "When appearing in a FIELD_DECL,
> > > > > > > > > > it means that this field has been duly initialized in its constructor" though
> > > > > > > > > > nowhere in the codebase do we set TREE_HAS_CONSTRUCTOR on a FIELD_DECL as far
> > > > > > > > > > as I can see.  Unfortunately, using this bit proved useless for my needs here.
> > > > > > > > > 
> > > > > > > > > > Also, be mindful of mutable subobjects.
> > > > > > > > > > 
> > > > > > > > > > Does this approach look like an appropriate strategy for tracking objects'
> > > > > > > > > > construction?
> > > > > > > > > 
> > > > > > > > > For scalar objects, we should be able to rely on INIT_EXPR vs. MODIFY_EXPR
> > > > > > > > > to distinguish between initialization and modification; for class objects, I
> > > > > > > > 
> > > > > > > > This is already true: only class object go into the hash set.
> > > > > > > > 
> > > > > > > > > wonder about setting a flag on the CONSTRUCTOR after initialization is
> > > > > > > > > complete to indicate that the value is now constant.
> > > > > > > > 
> > > > > > > > But here we're not dealing with CONSTRUCTORs in the gcc sense (i.e. exprs with
> > > > > > > > TREE_CODE == CONSTRUCTOR).  We have a CALL_EXPR like Y::Y ((struct Y *) &y),
> > > > > > > > which initializes the object "y".  Setting a flag on the CALL_EXPR or its underlying
> > > > > > > > function decl wouldn't help.
> > > > > > > > 
> > > > > > > > Am I missing something?
> > > > > > > 
> > > > > > > I was thinking that where in your current patch you call
> > > > > > > remove_object_under_construction, we could instead mark the object's value
> > > > > > > CONSTRUCTOR as immutable.
> > > > > > 
> > > > > > Ah, what you meant was to look at DECL_INITIAL of the object we're
> > > > > > constructing, which could be a CONSTRUCTOR.  Unfortunately, this
> > > > > > DECL_INITIAL is null (in all the new tests when doing
> > > > > > remove_object_under_construction), so there's nothing to mark as TREE_READONLY :/.
> > > > > 
> > > > > There's a value in ctx->values, isn't there?
> > > > 
> > > > Doesn't seem to be the case for e.g.
> > > > 
> > > > struct A {
> > > >     int n;
> > > >     constexpr A() : n(1) { n = 2; }
> > > > };
> > > > 
> > > > struct B {
> > > >     const A a;
> > > >     constexpr B(bool b) {
> > > >       if (b)
> > > >         const_cast<A &>(a).n = 3; // { dg-error "modifying a const object" }
> > > >       }
> > > > };
> > > > 
> > > > constexpr B b(false);
> > > > static_assert(b.a.n == 2, "");
> > > > 
> > > > Here we're constructing "b", its ctx->values->get(new_obj) is initially
> > > > "{}".  In the middle of constructing "b", we construct "b.a", but that
> > > > has nothing in ctx->values.
> > > 
> > > Right, subobjects aren't in ctx->values.  In cxx_eval_call_expression we
> > > have
> > > 
> > >            if (DECL_CONSTRUCTOR_P (fun))
> > >              /* This can be null for a subobject constructor call, in
> > > 
> > >                 which case what we care about is the initialization
> > > 
> > >                 side-effects rather than the value.  We could get at the
> > > 
> > >                 value by evaluating *this, but we don't bother; there's
> > > 
> > >                 no need to put such a call in the hash table.  */
> > >              result = lval ? ctx->object : ctx->ctor;
> > > 
> > > Your patch already finds *this (b.a) and puts it in new_obj; if it's const
> > > we can evaluate it to get the CONSTRUCTOR to set TREE_READONLY on.
> > 
> > Ah, got it!  This patch uses setting TREE_READONLY to achieve what I was after.
> > I also needed to set TREE_READONLY in cxx_eval_constant_expression/DECL_EXPR.
> > The additional evaluating will only happen for const-qual objects so I hope not
> > very often.
> > 
> > Any further comments?  Thanks,
> > 
> > @@ -1910,6 +1958,29 @@ cxx_eval_call_expression (const constexpr_ctx *ctx, tree t,
> > 
> > +	  /* At this point, the object's constructor will have run, so
> > +	     the object is no longer under construction, and its possible
> > +	     'const' semantics now apply.  Make a note of this fact by
> > +	     marking the CONSTRUCTOR TREE_READONLY.  */
> > +	  if (new_obj
> > +	      && CLASS_TYPE_P (TREE_TYPE (new_obj))
> > +	      && CP_TYPE_CONST_P (TREE_TYPE (new_obj)))
> > +	    {
> > +	      tree *ctor = ctx->values->get (new_obj);
> 
> I don't think trying ctx->values->get first is a win, let's go straight to
> cxx_eval_constant_expression.

Done.

> > +/* Return true if we are modifying something that is const during constant
> > +   expression evaluation.  CODE is the code of the statement, OBJ is the
> > +   object in question, MUTABLE_P is true if one of the subobjects were
> > +   declared mutable.  */
> > +
> > +static bool
> > +modifying_const_object_p (const constexpr_ctx *ctx, tree_code code, tree obj,
> > +			  bool mutable_p)
> > +{
> > +  /* If this is initialization, there's no problem.  */
> > +  if (code != MODIFY_EXPR)
> > +    return false;
> > +
> > +  tree type = TREE_TYPE (obj);
> > +
> > +  /* [basic.type.qualifier] "A const object is an object of type
> > +     const T or a non-mutable subobject of a const object."  */
> > +  return ((TREE_READONLY (obj) || CP_TYPE_CONST_P (type)
> > +	   /* If it's an aggregate and any field is const, then it is
> > +	      effectively const.  */
> > +	   || (CLASS_TYPE_P (type) && C_TYPE_FIELDS_READONLY (type)))
> 
> This seems wrong; if one field is const, we can still modify other fields. I
> don't see a test for that case.

I took it from cp_build_modify_expr but it's not really needed, so dropped.

> > @@ -3783,6 +3885,17 @@ cxx_eval_store_expression (const constexpr_ctx *ctx, tree t,
> >   	  {
> >   	    tree ob = TREE_OPERAND (probe, 0);
> >   	    tree elt = TREE_OPERAND (probe, 1);
> > +	    if (DECL_P (elt) && DECL_MUTABLE_P (elt))
> > +	      mutable_p = true;
> > +	    if (evaluated
> > +		&& modifying_const_object_p (ctx, TREE_CODE (t), probe,
> > +					     mutable_p))
> > +	      {
> > +		if (!ctx->quiet)
> > +		  modifying_const_object_error (t, probe);
> > +		*non_constant_p = true;
> > +		return t;
> > +	      }
> 
> What if there's a mutable member further down, i.e.
> 
> struct A { mutable int i; };
> struct B { A a; };
> const B b;
> b.a.i = 42;
> 
> ?  And also...

This works.  We check mutable going from the innermost object to the outermost,
so if we have b.a.n, we check n first.  Some of the new tests are exercising this.

> > @@ -3811,6 +3924,14 @@ cxx_eval_store_expression (const constexpr_ctx *ctx, tree t,
> > +  if (modifying_const_object_p (ctx, TREE_CODE (t), object, mutable_p))
> > +    {
> > +      if (!ctx->quiet)
> > +	modifying_const_object_error (t, object);
> > +      *non_constant_p = true;
> > +      return t;
> > +    }
> 
> ...we are already collecting the CONSTRUCTORs that we're dealing with in the
> "ctors" stack, we shouldn't need to evaluate object at this point. I'd
> expect the topmost class-type CONSTRUCTOR on the stack (if any) to be the
> one we want to look at. I'd think you could do away with much of
> modifying_const_object_p.

Oh, got it; wish I'd thought of that sooner.  We can't just check the topmost
CONSTRUCTOR though, the yuge comment I've added has an example when that would
not be enough.

And yes, I could 86 most of modifying_const_object_p.

> > @@ -4650,6 +4772,11 @@ cxx_eval_constant_expression (const constexpr_ctx *ctx, tree t,
> >   						 non_constant_p, overflow_p);
> >   	    /* Don't share a CONSTRUCTOR that might be changed.  */
> >   	    init = unshare_constructor (init);
> > +	    /* Remember that a constant object's constructor has already
> > +	       ran.  */
> 
> "has...run"

Yikes.

Thanks for the review, it allowed me to make the patch more concise.

Bootstrapped/regtested on x86_64-linux, ok for trunk?

2019-08-18  Marek Polacek  <polacek@redhat.com>

	PR c++/91264 - detect modifying const objects in constexpr.
	* constexpr.c (modifying_const_object_error): New function.
	(cxx_eval_call_expression): Set TREE_READONLY on a CONSTRUCTOR of
	a const-qualified object after it's been fully constructed.
	(modifying_const_object_p): New function.
	(cxx_eval_store_expression): Detect modifying a const object
	during constant expression evaluation.
	(cxx_eval_increment_expression): Use a better location when building
	up the store.
	(cxx_eval_constant_expression) <case DECL_EXPR>: Mark a constant
	object's constructor TREE_READONLY.

	* g++.dg/cpp1y/constexpr-tracking-const1.C: New test.
	* g++.dg/cpp1y/constexpr-tracking-const2.C: New test.
	* g++.dg/cpp1y/constexpr-tracking-const3.C: New test.
	* g++.dg/cpp1y/constexpr-tracking-const4.C: New test.
	* g++.dg/cpp1y/constexpr-tracking-const5.C: New test.
	* g++.dg/cpp1y/constexpr-tracking-const6.C: New test.
	* g++.dg/cpp1y/constexpr-tracking-const7.C: New test.
	* g++.dg/cpp1y/constexpr-tracking-const8.C: New test.
	* g++.dg/cpp1y/constexpr-tracking-const9.C: New test.
	* g++.dg/cpp1y/constexpr-tracking-const10.C: New test.
	* g++.dg/cpp1y/constexpr-tracking-const11.C: New test.
	* g++.dg/cpp1y/constexpr-tracking-const12.C: New test.
	* g++.dg/cpp1y/constexpr-tracking-const13.C: New test.
	* g++.dg/cpp1y/constexpr-tracking-const14.C: New test.

diff --git gcc/cp/constexpr.c gcc/cp/constexpr.c
index 23f2a027e2f..e5ed326efca 100644
--- gcc/cp/constexpr.c
+++ gcc/cp/constexpr.c
@@ -1575,6 +1575,19 @@ clear_no_implicit_zero (tree ctor)
     }
 }
 
+/* Complain about a const object OBJ being modified in a constant expression.
+   EXPR is the MODIFY_EXPR expression performing the modification.  */
+
+static void
+modifying_const_object_error (tree expr, tree obj)
+{
+  location_t loc = cp_expr_loc_or_input_loc (expr);
+  auto_diagnostic_group d;
+  error_at (loc, "modifying a const object %qE is not allowed in "
+	    "a constant expression", TREE_OPERAND (expr, 0));
+  inform (location_of (obj), "originally declared %<const%> here");
+}
+
 /* Subroutine of cxx_eval_constant_expression.
    Evaluate the call expression tree T in the context of OLD_CALL expression
    evaluation.  */
@@ -1775,6 +1788,19 @@ cxx_eval_call_expression (const constexpr_ctx *ctx, tree t,
 
   depth_ok = push_cx_call_context (t);
 
+  /* Remember the object we are constructing.  */
+  tree new_obj = NULL_TREE;
+  if (DECL_CONSTRUCTOR_P (fun))
+    {
+      /* In a constructor, it should be the first `this' argument.
+	 At this point it has already been evaluated in the call
+	 to cxx_bind_parameters_in_call.  */
+      new_obj = TREE_VEC_ELT (new_call.bindings, 0);
+      STRIP_NOPS (new_obj);
+      if (TREE_CODE (new_obj) == ADDR_EXPR)
+	new_obj = TREE_OPERAND (new_obj, 0);
+    }
+
   tree result = NULL_TREE;
 
   constexpr_call *entry = NULL;
@@ -1910,6 +1936,23 @@ cxx_eval_call_expression (const constexpr_ctx *ctx, tree t,
 		}
 	    }
 
+	  /* At this point, the object's constructor will have run, so
+	     the object is no longer under construction, and its possible
+	     'const' semantics now apply.  Make a note of this fact by
+	     marking the CONSTRUCTOR TREE_READONLY.  */
+	  if (new_obj
+	      && CLASS_TYPE_P (TREE_TYPE (new_obj))
+	      && CP_TYPE_CONST_P (TREE_TYPE (new_obj)))
+	    {
+	      /* Subobjects might not be stored in ctx->values but we can
+		 get its CONSTRUCTOR by evaluating *this.  */
+	      tree e = cxx_eval_constant_expression (ctx, new_obj,
+						     /*lval*/false,
+						     non_constant_p,
+						     overflow_p);
+	      TREE_READONLY (e) = true;
+	    }
+
 	  /* Forget the saved values of the callee's SAVE_EXPRs.  */
 	  unsigned int i;
 	  tree save_expr;
@@ -3724,6 +3767,26 @@ maybe_simplify_trivial_copy (tree &target, tree &init)
     }
 }
 
+/* Return true if we are modifying something that is const during constant
+   expression evaluation.  CODE is the code of the statement, OBJ is the
+   object in question, MUTABLE_P is true if one of the subobjects were
+   declared mutable.  */
+
+static bool
+modifying_const_object_p (tree_code code, tree obj, bool mutable_p)
+{
+  /* If this is initialization, there's no problem.  */
+  if (code != MODIFY_EXPR)
+    return false;
+
+  /* [basic.type.qualifier] "A const object is an object of type
+     const T or a non-mutable subobject of a const object."  */
+  if (mutable_p)
+    return false;
+
+  return (TREE_READONLY (obj) || CP_TYPE_CONST_P (TREE_TYPE (obj)));
+}
+
 /* Evaluate an INIT_EXPR or MODIFY_EXPR.  */
 
 static tree
@@ -3773,6 +3836,9 @@ cxx_eval_store_expression (const constexpr_ctx *ctx, tree t,
   /* Find the underlying variable.  */
   releasing_vec refs;
   tree object = NULL_TREE;
+  /* If we're modifying a const object, save it.  */
+  tree const_object_being_modified = NULL_TREE;
+  bool mutable_p = false;
   for (tree probe = target; object == NULL_TREE; )
     {
       switch (TREE_CODE (probe))
@@ -3783,6 +3849,12 @@ cxx_eval_store_expression (const constexpr_ctx *ctx, tree t,
 	  {
 	    tree ob = TREE_OPERAND (probe, 0);
 	    tree elt = TREE_OPERAND (probe, 1);
+	    if (DECL_P (elt) && DECL_MUTABLE_P (elt))
+	      mutable_p = true;
+	    if (evaluated
+		&& modifying_const_object_p (TREE_CODE (t), probe, mutable_p)
+		&& const_object_being_modified == NULL_TREE)
+	      const_object_being_modified = probe;
 	    if (TREE_CODE (probe) == ARRAY_REF)
 	      {
 		elt = eval_and_check_array_index (ctx, probe, false,
@@ -3811,6 +3883,10 @@ cxx_eval_store_expression (const constexpr_ctx *ctx, tree t,
 	}
     }
 
+  if (modifying_const_object_p (TREE_CODE (t), object, mutable_p)
+      && const_object_being_modified == NULL_TREE)
+    const_object_being_modified = object;
+
   /* And then find/build up our initializer for the path to the subobject
      we're initializing.  */
   tree *valp;
@@ -3950,6 +4026,61 @@ cxx_eval_store_expression (const constexpr_ctx *ctx, tree t,
       valp = &cep->value;
     }
 
+  /* Detect modifying a constant object in constexpr evaluation.
+     We have found a const object that is being modified.  Figure out
+     if we need to issue an error.  Consider
+
+     struct A {
+       int n;
+       constexpr A() : n(1) { n = 2; } // #1
+     };
+     struct B {
+       const A a;
+       constexpr B() { a.n = 3; } // #2
+     };
+    constexpr B b{};
+
+    #1 is OK, since we're modifying an object under construction, but
+    #2 is wrong, since "a" is const and has been fully constructed.
+    We track the "under construction" state by using the TREE_READONLY
+    bit in the object's CONSTRUCTOR.  For the example above, the *ctors
+    stack at the point of #2 will look like:
+
+      ctors[0] = {.a={.n=2}}  TREE_READONLY = 0
+      ctors[1] = {.n=2}       TREE_READONLY = 1
+
+    and we're modifying "b.a", so we search the stack and see that the
+    constructor for "b.a" has already run.  */
+  if (const_object_being_modified)
+    {
+      bool fail = false;
+      if (!CLASS_TYPE_P (TREE_TYPE (const_object_being_modified)))
+	fail = true;
+      else
+	{
+	  /* [class.ctor]p5 "A constructor can be invoked for a const,
+	     volatile, or const volatile object.  const and volatile
+	     semantics are not applied on an object under construction.
+	     They come into effect when the constructor for the most
+	     derived object ends."  */
+	  tree elt;
+	  unsigned int i;
+	  FOR_EACH_VEC_ELT (*ctors, i, elt)
+	    if (CLASS_TYPE_P (TREE_TYPE (elt)) && TREE_READONLY (elt))
+	      {
+		fail = true;
+		break;
+	      }
+	}
+      if (fail)
+	{
+	  if (!ctx->quiet)
+	    modifying_const_object_error (t, const_object_being_modified);
+	  *non_constant_p = true;
+	  return t;
+	}
+    }
+
   if (!preeval)
     {
       /* Create a new CONSTRUCTOR in case evaluation of the initializer
@@ -4063,7 +4194,8 @@ cxx_eval_increment_expression (const constexpr_ctx *ctx, tree t,
     VERIFY_CONSTANT (mod);
 
   /* Storing the modified value.  */
-  tree store = build2 (MODIFY_EXPR, type, op, mod);
+  tree store = build2_loc (cp_expr_loc_or_loc (t, input_location),
+			   MODIFY_EXPR, type, op, mod);
   cxx_eval_constant_expression (ctx, store,
 				true, non_constant_p, overflow_p);
   ggc_free (store);
@@ -4650,6 +4782,11 @@ cxx_eval_constant_expression (const constexpr_ctx *ctx, tree t,
 						 non_constant_p, overflow_p);
 	    /* Don't share a CONSTRUCTOR that might be changed.  */
 	    init = unshare_constructor (init);
+	    /* Remember that a constant object's constructor has already
+	       run.  */
+	    if (CLASS_TYPE_P (TREE_TYPE (r))
+		&& CP_TYPE_CONST_P (TREE_TYPE (r)))
+	      TREE_READONLY (init) = true;
 	    ctx->values->put (r, init);
 	  }
 	else if (ctx == &new_ctx)
diff --git gcc/testsuite/g++.dg/cpp1y/constexpr-tracking-const1.C gcc/testsuite/g++.dg/cpp1y/constexpr-tracking-const1.C
new file mode 100644
index 00000000000..e081a535659
--- /dev/null
+++ gcc/testsuite/g++.dg/cpp1y/constexpr-tracking-const1.C
@@ -0,0 +1,72 @@
+// PR c++/91264
+// { dg-do compile { target c++14 } }
+
+constexpr void
+mod (int &r)
+{
+  r = 99; // { dg-error "modifying a const object" }
+}
+
+constexpr int
+fn1 ()
+{
+  const int i = 0; // { dg-message "originally declared" }
+  mod (const_cast<int &>(i)); // { dg-message "in .constexpr. expansion of " }
+  return i;
+}
+
+constexpr int i1 = fn1 (); // { dg-message "in .constexpr. expansion of " }
+
+constexpr int
+fn2 ()
+{
+  const int i = 5; // { dg-message "originally declared" }
+  const_cast<int &>(i) = 10; // { dg-error "modifying a const object" }
+  return i;
+}
+
+constexpr int i2 = fn2 (); // { dg-message "in .constexpr. expansion of " }
+
+constexpr int
+fn3 ()
+{
+  const int i = 5; // { dg-message "originally declared" }
+  ++const_cast<int &>(i); // { dg-error "modifying a const object" }
+  return i;
+}
+
+constexpr int i3 = fn3 (); // { dg-message "in .constexpr. expansion of " }
+
+constexpr int
+fn4 ()
+{
+  const int i = 5; // { dg-message "originally declared" }
+  const_cast<int &>(i)--; // { dg-error "modifying a const object" }
+  return i;
+}
+
+constexpr int i4 = fn4 (); // { dg-message "in .constexpr. expansion of " }
+
+constexpr int
+fn5 ()
+{
+  const int i = 5; // { dg-message "originally declared" }
+  const_cast<int &>(i) += 2; // { dg-error "modifying a const object" }
+  return i;
+}
+
+constexpr int i5 = fn5 (); // { dg-message "in .constexpr. expansion of " }
+
+constexpr int
+fn6 ()
+{
+  // This is OK.
+  int i = 3;
+  const int *cip = &i;
+  int *ip = const_cast<int *>(cip);
+  *ip = 4;
+  return i;
+}
+
+constexpr int i6 = fn6 ();
+static_assert(i6 == 4, "");
diff --git gcc/testsuite/g++.dg/cpp1y/constexpr-tracking-const10.C gcc/testsuite/g++.dg/cpp1y/constexpr-tracking-const10.C
new file mode 100644
index 00000000000..53acb37beb8
--- /dev/null
+++ gcc/testsuite/g++.dg/cpp1y/constexpr-tracking-const10.C
@@ -0,0 +1,22 @@
+// PR c++/91264
+// { dg-do compile { target c++14 } }
+
+struct B {
+  B() = default;
+  int i;
+};
+
+constexpr B bar()
+{
+    constexpr B b = B(); // { dg-message "originally declared" }
+    B *p = const_cast<B*>(&b);
+
+    p->i = 11; // { dg-error "modifying a const object" }
+
+   return *p;
+}
+
+void foo()
+{  
+   constexpr B y = bar(); // { dg-message "in .constexpr. expansion of" }
+}
diff --git gcc/testsuite/g++.dg/cpp1y/constexpr-tracking-const11.C gcc/testsuite/g++.dg/cpp1y/constexpr-tracking-const11.C
new file mode 100644
index 00000000000..2b351cd013a
--- /dev/null
+++ gcc/testsuite/g++.dg/cpp1y/constexpr-tracking-const11.C
@@ -0,0 +1,16 @@
+// PR c++/91264
+// { dg-do compile { target c++14 } }
+
+struct S {
+    int a = 1;
+    int * ptr = &a;
+};
+
+constexpr bool f() {
+    auto const s = S{}; // { dg-message "originally declared" }
+    *s.ptr = 2; // { dg-error "modifying a const object" }
+    return s.a == 2;
+}
+
+static_assert(f(), ""); // { dg-error "non-constant condition" }
+// { dg-message "in 'constexpr' expansion of" "" { target *-*-* } .-1 }
diff --git gcc/testsuite/g++.dg/cpp1y/constexpr-tracking-const12.C gcc/testsuite/g++.dg/cpp1y/constexpr-tracking-const12.C
new file mode 100644
index 00000000000..d83e2794f7f
--- /dev/null
+++ gcc/testsuite/g++.dg/cpp1y/constexpr-tracking-const12.C
@@ -0,0 +1,17 @@
+// PR c++/91264
+// { dg-do compile { target c++14 } }
+
+struct A {
+  const int n;
+  int m;
+  constexpr A() : n(1), m(2) { }
+};
+struct B {
+  A a;
+  constexpr B() {
+    int *p = &a.m;
+    *p = 3;
+  }
+};
+constexpr B b;
+static_assert(b.a.m == 3, "");
diff --git gcc/testsuite/g++.dg/cpp1y/constexpr-tracking-const13.C gcc/testsuite/g++.dg/cpp1y/constexpr-tracking-const13.C
new file mode 100644
index 00000000000..bc7faa3c250
--- /dev/null
+++ gcc/testsuite/g++.dg/cpp1y/constexpr-tracking-const13.C
@@ -0,0 +1,20 @@
+// PR c++/91264
+// { dg-do compile { target c++14 } }
+
+struct A {
+  mutable int i;
+  constexpr A() : i(0) { }
+};
+struct B {
+  A a;
+  constexpr B() : a{} { }
+};
+
+constexpr void
+g ()
+{
+  const B b;
+  b.a.i = 42;
+}
+
+static_assert((g(), 1), "");
diff --git gcc/testsuite/g++.dg/cpp1y/constexpr-tracking-const14.C gcc/testsuite/g++.dg/cpp1y/constexpr-tracking-const14.C
new file mode 100644
index 00000000000..45c4fcf50be
--- /dev/null
+++ gcc/testsuite/g++.dg/cpp1y/constexpr-tracking-const14.C
@@ -0,0 +1,38 @@
+// PR c++/91264
+// { dg-do compile { target c++14 } }
+
+struct F {
+  const int f;
+  constexpr F() : f(9) { }
+};
+
+struct C {
+  int n;
+  const F f;
+  constexpr C() : n(1) { n = 66; }
+};
+
+struct A {
+  int r;
+  const C c;
+  constexpr A() : r(11) { r = 14; const_cast<C &>(c).n = 42; } // { dg-error "modifying a const object" }
+};
+
+struct D {
+  const A a;
+  constexpr D() { } // { dg-message "in .constexpr. expansion of" }
+};
+
+struct E {
+  const D d;
+  constexpr E() { } // { dg-message "in .constexpr. expansion of" }
+};
+
+struct B {
+  const E e;
+  constexpr B(bool) { } // { dg-message "in .constexpr. expansion of" }
+};
+
+constexpr B b(false); // { dg-message "in .constexpr. expansion of" }
+// { dg-message "originally declared" "" { target *-*-* } .-1 }
+static_assert(b.e.d.a.c.n == 2, ""); // { dg-error "non-constant condition" }
diff --git gcc/testsuite/g++.dg/cpp1y/constexpr-tracking-const2.C gcc/testsuite/g++.dg/cpp1y/constexpr-tracking-const2.C
new file mode 100644
index 00000000000..9803309cace
--- /dev/null
+++ gcc/testsuite/g++.dg/cpp1y/constexpr-tracking-const2.C
@@ -0,0 +1,23 @@
+// PR c++/91264
+// { dg-do compile { target c++14 } }
+
+struct X {
+  int j;
+  constexpr X() : j(0) { }
+};
+
+struct Y {
+  X x;
+  constexpr Y() : x{} { }
+};
+
+constexpr void
+g ()
+{
+  const Y y; // { dg-message "originally declared" }
+  Y *p = const_cast<Y *>(&y);
+  p->x.j = 99; // { dg-error "modifying a const object" }
+}
+
+static_assert((g() , 1), ""); // { dg-error "non-constant condition" }
+// { dg-message "in 'constexpr' expansion of" "" { target *-*-* } .-1 }
diff --git gcc/testsuite/g++.dg/cpp1y/constexpr-tracking-const3.C gcc/testsuite/g++.dg/cpp1y/constexpr-tracking-const3.C
new file mode 100644
index 00000000000..6853775c1e2
--- /dev/null
+++ gcc/testsuite/g++.dg/cpp1y/constexpr-tracking-const3.C
@@ -0,0 +1,22 @@
+// PR c++/91264
+// { dg-do compile { target c++14 } }
+
+struct A {
+  int n;
+  constexpr A() : n(1) { n = 2; }
+};
+
+struct B {
+  const A a;
+  constexpr B(bool b) {
+    if (b)
+      const_cast<A &>(a).n = 3; // { dg-error "modifying a const object" }
+    }
+};
+
+constexpr B b(false);
+static_assert(b.a.n == 2, "");
+
+constexpr B b2(true); // { dg-message "in .constexpr. expansion of " }
+// { dg-message "originally declared" "" { target *-*-* } .-1 } 
+static_assert((b2.a.n, 1), "");
diff --git gcc/testsuite/g++.dg/cpp1y/constexpr-tracking-const4.C gcc/testsuite/g++.dg/cpp1y/constexpr-tracking-const4.C
new file mode 100644
index 00000000000..8263a7cc505
--- /dev/null
+++ gcc/testsuite/g++.dg/cpp1y/constexpr-tracking-const4.C
@@ -0,0 +1,17 @@
+// PR c++/91264
+// { dg-do compile { target c++14 } }
+
+struct A {
+  const int n;
+  constexpr A() : n(1) { }
+};
+struct B {
+  A a;
+  constexpr B() {
+    int *p = const_cast<int *>(&a.n);
+    *p = 3; // { dg-error "modifying a const object" }
+  }
+};
+constexpr B b; // { dg-message "in .constexpr. expansion of " }
+// { dg-message "originally declared" "" { target *-*-* } .-1 }
+static_assert((b.a.n, 1), "");
diff --git gcc/testsuite/g++.dg/cpp1y/constexpr-tracking-const5.C gcc/testsuite/g++.dg/cpp1y/constexpr-tracking-const5.C
new file mode 100644
index 00000000000..bea54fb4fde
--- /dev/null
+++ gcc/testsuite/g++.dg/cpp1y/constexpr-tracking-const5.C
@@ -0,0 +1,17 @@
+// PR c++/91264
+// { dg-do compile { target c++14 } }
+
+struct A {
+  mutable int n;
+  constexpr A() : n(1) { n = 2; }
+};
+
+struct B {
+  const A a;
+  constexpr B() {
+    const_cast<A &>(a).n = 3;
+  }
+};
+
+constexpr B b{};
+static_assert((b.a.n, 1), "");
diff --git gcc/testsuite/g++.dg/cpp1y/constexpr-tracking-const6.C gcc/testsuite/g++.dg/cpp1y/constexpr-tracking-const6.C
new file mode 100644
index 00000000000..54d83b17d39
--- /dev/null
+++ gcc/testsuite/g++.dg/cpp1y/constexpr-tracking-const6.C
@@ -0,0 +1,22 @@
+// PR c++/91264
+// { dg-do compile { target c++14 } }
+
+struct X {
+  mutable int j;
+  constexpr X() : j(0) { }
+};
+
+struct Y {
+  X x;
+  constexpr Y() : x{} { }
+};
+
+constexpr void
+g ()
+{
+  const Y y;
+  Y *p = const_cast<Y *>(&y);
+  p->x.j = 99;
+}
+
+static_assert((g(), 1), "");
diff --git gcc/testsuite/g++.dg/cpp1y/constexpr-tracking-const7.C gcc/testsuite/g++.dg/cpp1y/constexpr-tracking-const7.C
new file mode 100644
index 00000000000..922e8ff126f
--- /dev/null
+++ gcc/testsuite/g++.dg/cpp1y/constexpr-tracking-const7.C
@@ -0,0 +1,23 @@
+// PR c++/91264
+// { dg-do compile { target c++14 } }
+
+struct D { int n; };
+
+struct C { const D d; };
+
+struct A {
+  C c;
+  constexpr A() : c{} { }
+};
+
+struct B {
+  A a;
+  constexpr B() {
+    int &r = const_cast<int &>(a.c.d.n);
+    r = 3; // { dg-error "modifying a const object" }
+  }
+};
+
+constexpr B b{}; // { dg-message "in .constexpr. expansion of " }
+// { dg-message "originally declared" "" { target *-*-* } .-1 }
+static_assert((b.a.c.d.n, 1), "");
diff --git gcc/testsuite/g++.dg/cpp1y/constexpr-tracking-const8.C gcc/testsuite/g++.dg/cpp1y/constexpr-tracking-const8.C
new file mode 100644
index 00000000000..2b3fe793f83
--- /dev/null
+++ gcc/testsuite/g++.dg/cpp1y/constexpr-tracking-const8.C
@@ -0,0 +1,23 @@
+// PR c++/91264
+// { dg-do compile { target c++14 } }
+
+struct B {
+  int i;
+  double d;
+};
+
+constexpr B bar()
+{
+    constexpr B b = {10,10.10}; // { dg-message "originally declared" }
+    B *p = const_cast<B*>(&b);
+
+    p->i = 11; // { dg-error "modifying a const object" }
+    p->d = 11.11;
+
+   return *p;
+}
+
+void foo()
+{  
+   constexpr B y = bar(); // { dg-message "in .constexpr. expansion of" }
+}
diff --git gcc/testsuite/g++.dg/cpp1y/constexpr-tracking-const9.C gcc/testsuite/g++.dg/cpp1y/constexpr-tracking-const9.C
new file mode 100644
index 00000000000..0edec4d05cf
--- /dev/null
+++ gcc/testsuite/g++.dg/cpp1y/constexpr-tracking-const9.C
@@ -0,0 +1,23 @@
+// PR c++/91264
+// { dg-do compile { target c++14 } }
+
+struct B {
+  int i;
+  double d;
+};
+
+constexpr B bar()
+{
+    constexpr B b{}; // { dg-message "originally declared" }
+    B *p = const_cast<B*>(&b);
+
+    p->i = 11; // { dg-error "modifying a const object" }
+    p->d = 11.11;
+
+   return *p;
+}
+
+void foo()
+{  
+   constexpr B y = bar(); // { dg-message "in .constexpr. expansion of" }
+}


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