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[PATCH, debug] Add fkeep-vars-live


On Tue, Jul 24, 2018 at 02:34:26PM +0200, Tom de Vries wrote:
> On 07/24/2018 01:46 PM, Jakub Jelinek wrote:
> > On Tue, Jul 24, 2018 at 01:37:32PM +0200, Tom de Vries wrote:
> >> Another drawback is that the fake uses confuse the unitialized warning
> >> analysis, so that is switched off for -fkeep-vars-live.
> > 
> > Is that really needed?  I.e. can't you for the purpose of uninitialized
> > warning analysis ignore the clobber = var uses?
> > 
> 
> This seems to work on the test-case that failed during testing
> (g++.dg/uninit-pred-4.C):
> ...
> diff --git a/gcc/tree-ssa-uninit.c b/gcc/tree-ssa-uninit.c
> index 77f090bfa80..953db9ed02d 100644
> --- a/gcc/tree-ssa-uninit.c
> +++ b/gcc/tree-ssa-uninit.c
> @@ -132,6 +132,9 @@ warn_uninit (enum opt_code wc, tree t, tree expr,
> tree var,
>    if (is_gimple_assign (context)
>        && gimple_assign_rhs_code (context) == COMPLEX_EXPR)
>      return;
> +  if (gimple_assign_single_p (context)
> +      && TREE_CLOBBER_P (gimple_assign_lhs (context)))
> +    return;
>    if (!has_undefined_value_p (t))
>      return;
> ...
> But I don't know the pass well enough to know whether this is a
> sufficient fix.
> 

Updated and re-tested patch.

> +Add artificial use for each local variable at the end of the
> declaration scope

Is this a better option description?


OK for trunk?

Thanks,
- Tom

[debug] Add fkeep-vars-live

This patch adds fake uses of user variables at the point where they go out of
scope, to keep user variables inspectable throughout the application.

This approach will generate sub-optimal code: in some cases, the executable
code will go through efforts to keep a var alive, while var-tracking can
easily compute the value of the var from something else.

Also, the compiler treats the fake use as any other use, so it may keep an
expensive resource like a register occupied (if we could mark the use as a
cold use or some such, we could tell optimizers that we need the value, but
it's ok if getting the value is expensive, so it could be spilled instead of
occupying a register).

The current implementation is expected to increase register pressure, and
therefore spilling, but we'd still expect less memory accesses then with O0.

2018-07-24  Tom de Vries  <tdevries@suse.de>

	PR debug/78685
	* cfgexpand.c (expand_use): New function.
	(expand_gimple_stmt_1): Handle TREE_CLOBBER_P as lhs of assignment.
	* common.opt (fkeep-vars-live): New option.
	* function.c (instantiate_virtual_regs): Instantiate in USEs as well.
	* gimplify.c (gimple_build_uses): New function.
	(gimplify_bind_expr): Build clobber uses for variables that don't have
	to be in memory.
	(gimplify_body): Build clobber uses for arguments.
	* tree-cfg.c (verify_gimple_assign_single): Handle TREE_CLOBBER_P as lhs
	of assignment.
	* tree-sra.c (sra_modify_assign): Same.
	* tree-ssa-alias.c (refs_may_alias_p_1): Same.
	* tree-ssa-structalias.c (find_func_aliases): Same.
	* tree-ssa-uninit.c (warn_uninit): Same.

	* gcc.dg/guality/pr54200-2.c: Update.

---
 gcc/cfgexpand.c                          | 11 ++++++++
 gcc/common.opt                           |  4 +++
 gcc/function.c                           |  5 ++--
 gcc/gimplify.c                           | 46 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++-----
 gcc/testsuite/gcc.dg/guality/pr54200-2.c |  3 +--
 gcc/tree-cfg.c                           |  1 +
 gcc/tree-sra.c                           |  7 +++++
 gcc/tree-ssa-alias.c                     |  4 +++
 gcc/tree-ssa-structalias.c               |  3 ++-
 gcc/tree-ssa-uninit.c                    |  3 +++
 10 files changed, 76 insertions(+), 11 deletions(-)

diff --git a/gcc/cfgexpand.c b/gcc/cfgexpand.c
index d6e3c382085..e28e8ceec75 100644
--- a/gcc/cfgexpand.c
+++ b/gcc/cfgexpand.c
@@ -3533,6 +3533,15 @@ expand_clobber (tree lhs)
     }
 }
 
+/* Expand a use of RHS.  */
+
+static void
+expand_use (tree rhs)
+{
+  rtx target = expand_expr (rhs, NULL_RTX, VOIDmode, EXPAND_NORMAL);
+  emit_use (target);
+}
+
 /* A subroutine of expand_gimple_stmt, expanding one gimple statement
    STMT that doesn't require special handling for outgoing edges.  That
    is no tailcalls and no GIMPLE_COND.  */
@@ -3632,6 +3641,8 @@ expand_gimple_stmt_1 (gimple *stmt)
 	      /* This is a clobber to mark the going out of scope for
 		 this LHS.  */
 	      expand_clobber (lhs);
+	    else if (TREE_CLOBBER_P (lhs))
+	      expand_use (rhs);
 	    else
 	      expand_assignment (lhs, rhs,
 				 gimple_assign_nontemporal_move_p (
diff --git a/gcc/common.opt b/gcc/common.opt
index 984b351cd79..a29e320ba45 100644
--- a/gcc/common.opt
+++ b/gcc/common.opt
@@ -1496,6 +1496,10 @@ fdebug-nops
 Common Report Var(flag_debug_nops) Optimization
 Insert nops if that might improve debugging of optimized code.
 
+fkeep-vars-live
+Common Report Var(flag_keep_vars_live) Optimization
+Add artificial uses of local vars at end of scope.
+
 fkeep-gc-roots-live
 Common Undocumented Report Var(flag_keep_gc_roots_live) Optimization
 ; Always keep a pointer to a live memory block
diff --git a/gcc/function.c b/gcc/function.c
index dee303cdbdd..b6aa1eb60d1 100644
--- a/gcc/function.c
+++ b/gcc/function.c
@@ -1964,11 +1964,12 @@ instantiate_virtual_regs (void)
       {
 	/* These patterns in the instruction stream can never be recognized.
 	   Fortunately, they shouldn't contain virtual registers either.  */
-        if (GET_CODE (PATTERN (insn)) == USE
-	    || GET_CODE (PATTERN (insn)) == CLOBBER
+	if (GET_CODE (PATTERN (insn)) == CLOBBER
 	    || GET_CODE (PATTERN (insn)) == ASM_INPUT
 	    || DEBUG_MARKER_INSN_P (insn))
 	  continue;
+	else if (GET_CODE (PATTERN (insn)) == USE)
+	  instantiate_virtual_regs_in_rtx (&PATTERN (insn));
 	else if (DEBUG_BIND_INSN_P (insn))
 	  instantiate_virtual_regs_in_rtx (INSN_VAR_LOCATION_PTR (insn));
 	else
diff --git a/gcc/gimplify.c b/gcc/gimplify.c
index 4a109aee27a..afe1fc836d1 100644
--- a/gcc/gimplify.c
+++ b/gcc/gimplify.c
@@ -1264,6 +1264,25 @@ asan_poison_variables (hash_set<tree> *variables, bool poison, gimple_seq *seq_p
     }
 }
 
+/* Return clobber uses for VARS.  */
+
+static gimple_seq
+gimple_build_uses (tree vars)
+{
+  gimple_seq seq = NULL;
+
+  for (tree var = vars; var; var = DECL_CHAIN (var))
+    {
+      if (DECL_ARTIFICIAL (var))
+	continue;
+
+      gimple *stmt = gimple_build_assign (build_clobber (TREE_TYPE (var)), var);
+      gimple_seq_add_stmt (&seq, stmt);
+    }
+
+  return seq;
+}
+
 /* Gimplify a BIND_EXPR.  Just voidify and recurse.  */
 
 static enum gimplify_status
@@ -1363,7 +1382,7 @@ gimplify_bind_expr (tree *expr_p, gimple_seq *pre_p)
       gimplify_seq_add_stmt (&cleanup, stack_restore);
     }
 
-  /* Add clobbers for all variables that go out of scope.  */
+  /* Add clobbers/uses for all variables that go out of scope.  */
   for (t = BIND_EXPR_VARS (bind_expr); t ; t = DECL_CHAIN (t))
     {
       if (VAR_P (t)
@@ -1376,14 +1395,17 @@ gimplify_bind_expr (tree *expr_p, gimple_seq *pre_p)
 	      /* Only care for variables that have to be in memory.  Others
 		 will be rewritten into SSA names, hence moved to the
 		 top-level.  */
-	      && !is_gimple_reg (t)
+	      && (flag_keep_vars_live || !is_gimple_reg (t))
 	      && flag_stack_reuse != SR_NONE)
 	    {
 	      tree clobber = build_clobber (TREE_TYPE (t));
-	      gimple *clobber_stmt;
-	      clobber_stmt = gimple_build_assign (t, clobber);
-	      gimple_set_location (clobber_stmt, end_locus);
-	      gimplify_seq_add_stmt (&cleanup, clobber_stmt);
+	      gimple *stmt;
+	      if (is_gimple_reg (t))
+		stmt = gimple_build_assign (clobber, t);
+	      else
+		stmt = gimple_build_assign (t, clobber);
+	      gimple_set_location (stmt, end_locus);
+	      gimplify_seq_add_stmt (&cleanup, stmt);
 	    }
 
 	  if (flag_openacc && oacc_declare_returns != NULL)
@@ -12763,6 +12785,10 @@ gimplify_body (tree fndecl, bool do_parms)
   gimple *outer_stmt;
   gbind *outer_bind;
 
+  gimple_seq cleanup = NULL;
+  if (flag_keep_vars_live)
+    cleanup = gimple_build_uses (DECL_ARGUMENTS (fndecl));
+
   timevar_push (TV_TREE_GIMPLIFY);
 
   init_tree_ssa (cfun);
@@ -12798,6 +12824,14 @@ gimplify_body (tree fndecl, bool do_parms)
   /* Gimplify the function's body.  */
   seq = NULL;
   gimplify_stmt (&DECL_SAVED_TREE (fndecl), &seq);
+
+  if (cleanup)
+    {
+      gtry *gs = gimple_build_try (seq, cleanup, GIMPLE_TRY_FINALLY);
+      seq = NULL;
+      gimplify_seq_add_stmt (&seq, gs);
+    }
+
   outer_stmt = gimple_seq_first_stmt (seq);
   if (!outer_stmt)
     {
diff --git a/gcc/testsuite/gcc.dg/guality/pr54200-2.c b/gcc/testsuite/gcc.dg/guality/pr54200-2.c
index e30e3c92b94..646790af65a 100644
--- a/gcc/testsuite/gcc.dg/guality/pr54200-2.c
+++ b/gcc/testsuite/gcc.dg/guality/pr54200-2.c
@@ -1,6 +1,5 @@
 /* { dg-do run } */
-/* { dg-skip-if "" { *-*-* }  { "*" } { "-Og" "-Os" "-O0" } } */
-/* { dg-options "-g -fdebug-nops -DMAIN" } */
+/* { dg-options "-g -fdebug-nops -fkeep-vars-live -DMAIN" } */
 
 #include "prevent-optimization.h"
 
diff --git a/gcc/tree-cfg.c b/gcc/tree-cfg.c
index 14d66b7a728..d3a4465fe25 100644
--- a/gcc/tree-cfg.c
+++ b/gcc/tree-cfg.c
@@ -4484,6 +4484,7 @@ verify_gimple_assign_single (gassign *stmt)
     case PARM_DECL:
       if (!is_gimple_reg (lhs)
 	  && !is_gimple_reg (rhs1)
+	  && !TREE_CLOBBER_P (lhs)
 	  && is_gimple_reg_type (TREE_TYPE (lhs)))
 	{
 	  error ("invalid rhs for gimple memory store");
diff --git a/gcc/tree-sra.c b/gcc/tree-sra.c
index 3e30f6bc3d4..f6488b90378 100644
--- a/gcc/tree-sra.c
+++ b/gcc/tree-sra.c
@@ -3536,6 +3536,13 @@ sra_modify_assign (gimple *stmt, gimple_stmt_iterator *gsi)
       sra_stats.exprs++;
     }
 
+  if (modify_this_stmt && TREE_CLOBBER_P (gimple_assign_lhs (stmt)))
+    {
+      gimple_assign_set_rhs1 (stmt, rhs);
+      gimple_assign_set_lhs (stmt, build_clobber (TREE_TYPE (rhs)));
+      return SRA_AM_MODIFIED;
+    }
+
   if (modify_this_stmt)
     {
       if (!useless_type_conversion_p (TREE_TYPE (lhs), TREE_TYPE (rhs)))
diff --git a/gcc/tree-ssa-alias.c b/gcc/tree-ssa-alias.c
index 7b25778307f..03f378fa4b2 100644
--- a/gcc/tree-ssa-alias.c
+++ b/gcc/tree-ssa-alias.c
@@ -1368,6 +1368,10 @@ refs_may_alias_p_1 (ao_ref *ref1, ao_ref *ref2, bool tbaa_p)
   poly_int64 max_size1 = -1, max_size2 = -1;
   bool var1_p, var2_p, ind1_p, ind2_p;
 
+  if ((ref1->ref && TREE_CLOBBER_P (ref1->ref))
+      || (ref2->ref && TREE_CLOBBER_P (ref2->ref)))
+    return false;
+
   gcc_checking_assert ((!ref1->ref
 			|| TREE_CODE (ref1->ref) == SSA_NAME
 			|| DECL_P (ref1->ref)
diff --git a/gcc/tree-ssa-structalias.c b/gcc/tree-ssa-structalias.c
index fd24f84fb14..d83579a09c5 100644
--- a/gcc/tree-ssa-structalias.c
+++ b/gcc/tree-ssa-structalias.c
@@ -4883,7 +4883,8 @@ find_func_aliases (struct function *fn, gimple *origt)
       tree lhsop = gimple_assign_lhs (t);
       tree rhsop = (gimple_num_ops (t) == 2) ? gimple_assign_rhs1 (t) : NULL;
 
-      if (rhsop && TREE_CLOBBER_P (rhsop))
+      if ((rhsop && TREE_CLOBBER_P (rhsop))
+	  || (lhsop && TREE_CLOBBER_P (lhsop)))
 	/* Ignore clobbers, they don't actually store anything into
 	   the LHS.  */
 	;
diff --git a/gcc/tree-ssa-uninit.c b/gcc/tree-ssa-uninit.c
index 8ccbc85970a..953db9ed02d 100644
--- a/gcc/tree-ssa-uninit.c
+++ b/gcc/tree-ssa-uninit.c
@@ -132,6 +132,9 @@ warn_uninit (enum opt_code wc, tree t, tree expr, tree var,
   if (is_gimple_assign (context)
       && gimple_assign_rhs_code (context) == COMPLEX_EXPR)
     return;
+  if (gimple_assign_single_p (context)
+      && TREE_CLOBBER_P (gimple_assign_lhs (context)))
+    return;
   if (!has_undefined_value_p (t))
     return;
 


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