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Re: [GCC][PATCH][Aarch64] Exploiting BFXIL when OR-ing two AND-operations with appropriate bitmasks

Hi Richard,

Thanks for the feedback. I find that using "is_left_consecutive" is more descriptive than checking for it being a power of 2 - 1, since it describes the requirement (having consecutive ones from the MSB) more explicitly. I would be happy to change it though if that is the consensus.

I have addressed your point about just returning the string instead of using output_asm_insn and have changed it locally. I'll send an updated patch soon.

On 07/17/2018 02:33 AM, Richard Henderson wrote:
On 07/16/2018 10:10 AM, Sam Tebbs wrote:
+++ b/gcc/config/aarch64/aarch64.c
@@ -1439,6 +1439,14 @@ aarch64_hard_regno_caller_save_mode (unsigned regno, unsigned,
      return SImode;
+/* Implement IS_LEFT_CONSECUTIVE. Check if an integer's bits are consecutive
+   ones from the MSB.  */
+aarch64_is_left_consecutive (HOST_WIDE_INT i)
+  return (i | (i - 1)) == HOST_WIDE_INT_M1;
+(define_insn "*aarch64_bfxil"
+  [(set (match_operand:DI 0 "register_operand" "=r")
+    (ior:DI (and:DI (match_operand:DI 1 "register_operand" "r")
+		    (match_operand 3 "const_int_operand"))
+	    (and:DI (match_operand:DI 2 "register_operand" "0")
+		    (match_operand 4 "const_int_operand"))))]
+  "INTVAL (operands[3]) == ~INTVAL (operands[4])
+    && aarch64_is_left_consecutive (INTVAL (operands[4]))"
Better is to use a define_predicate to merge both that second test and the

(I'm not sure about the "left_consecutive" language either.
Isn't it more descriptive to say that op3 is a power of 2 minus 1?)

(define_predicate "pow2m1_operand"
   (and (match_code "const_int")
        (match_test "exact_pow2 (INTVAL(op) + 1) > 0")))

and use

   (match_operand:DI 3 "pow2m1_operand")

and then just the

   INTVAL (operands[3]) == ~INTVAL (operands[4])


Also, don't omit the modes for the constants.
Also, there's no reason this applies only to DI mode;
use the GPI iterator and %<w> in the output template.

+    HOST_WIDE_INT op3 = INTVAL (operands[3]);
+    operands[3] = GEN_INT (ceil_log2 (op3));
+    output_asm_insn ("bfxil\\t%0, %1, 0, %3", operands);
+    return "";
You can just return the string that you passed to output_asm_insn.

+  }
+  [(set_attr "type" "bfx")]
The other aliases of the BFM insn use type "bfm";
"bfx" appears to be aliases of UBFM and SBFM.
Not that it appears to matter to the scheduling
descriptions, but it is inconsistent.


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