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Re: [PATCH/AARCH64] Improve/correct ThunderX 1 cost model for Arith_shift

On Fri, Dec 30, 2016 at 10:05:26PM -0800, Andrew Pinski wrote:
> Hi,
>   Currently for the following function:
> int f(int a, int b)
> {
>   return a + (b <<7);
> }
> GCC produces:
> add     w0, w0, w1, lsl 7
> But for ThunderX 1, it is better if the instruction was split allowing
> better scheduling to happen in most cases, the latency is the same.  I
> get a small improvement in coremarks, ~1%.
> Currently the code does not take into account Arith_shift even though
> the comment:
>   /* Strip any extend, leave shifts behind as we will
>     cost them through mult_cost.  */
> Say it does not strip out the shift, aarch64_strip_extend does and has
> always has since the back-end was added to GCC.
> Once I fixed the code around aarch64_strip_extend, I got a regression
> for ThunderX 1 as some shifts/extends (left shifts <=4 and/or zero
> extends) are considered free so I needed to add a new tuning flag.
> Note I will get an even more improvement for ThunderX 2 CN99XX, but I
> have not measured it yet as I have not made the change to
> aarch64-cost-tables.h yet as I am waiting for approval of the renaming
> patch first before submitting any of the cost table changes.  Also I
> noticed this problem with this tuning first and then looked back at
> what I needed to do for ThunderX 1.
> OK?  Bootstrapped and tested on aarch64-linux-gnu without any
> regressions (both with and without --with-cpu=thunderx).

This is mostly OK, but I don't like the name "easy"_shift_extend. Cheap
or free seems better. I have some other minor points below.

> Index: config/aarch64/aarch64-tuning-flags.def
> ===================================================================
> --- config/aarch64/aarch64-tuning-flags.def	(revision 243974)
> +++ config/aarch64/aarch64-tuning-flags.def	(working copy)
> @@ -35,4 +35,8 @@ two load/stores are not at least 8 byte
>  pairs.   */
> +/* Logical shift left <=4 with/without zero extend are considered easy
> +   extended, also zero extends without the shift. */

I'm struggling to parse this comment. "also zero extends without the shift"
is what is getting me. I'm also not certain I follow when I should set this
flag. If all shifts are cheap/free on my platform, should I set this flag?

> +

> +
> +/* Return true iff X is an easy shift without a sign extend. */
> +

Again I don't like calling <= 4 "easy", it feels imprecise.


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