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Re: [GOOGLE] Disable -fdevirtualize by default

> >
> > I am surprised you hit the size limits with 4.9 only - for quite some time
> > we keep all virtual functions in callgarph until inlining. In fact 4.9 is first
> > that works harder to drop them early (because I hit the problem with LTO
> > where they artifically bloat the size of LTO object files)
> We can dig it more to later understand why only 4.9 hits the problem.

This would be very interesting, because 4.9 ought to be better here
(removing more virtuals early) than previous compilers.
There was number of changes in 4.9 that may affect this - some fixes at
C++ side giving middle end more inline candidates and also this change
So perhaps most of your virtual functions are !COMDAT&&!EXTERNAL, but that
does not seem to make much sense to me either :(
> My size results with -fno-devirtualize-speculatively is out. It
> shrinks size by 1.68% -- slightly more than -fdevirtualize can do in
> O2 compile.

Hmm, this is interesting, too. 1.68% is definitly a lot more than I would
expect or have I seen on other testcases.  You can take a look at summaries in
-fdump-ipa-devirt pass.

In opts.c I have:
    case OPT_fprofile_use:
      if (!opts_set->x_flag_branch_probabilities)
      /* Indirect call profiling should do all useful transformations
         speculative devirtualization does.  */
      if (!opts_set->x_flag_devirtualize_speculatively
          && opts->x_flag_value_profile_transformations)
        opts->x_flag_devirtualize_speculatively = false;

so perhaps this hunk is somehow skipped with LIPO?

Speculative devirtualization is somehwat less useful (may have more falce
positives) without LTO depending on how your headers are constructed.
It would be interesting to see if it does a lot of mistakes on your codebase.
(this can be easily done by forcing it to run with profile feedback, too and
it will tell you when its speculation differs from speculation already there).
> By the way, you mentioned 'hacking the
> ipa.c:walk_polymorphic_call_targets to not make the possible targets
> as
> reachable' -- is that something worth doing in trunk?   With that, we
> can probably just turn off speculative devirtualization.

Well, the check is there to enable inlining. Disabling it for
-fprofile-generate will result in lost profile samples for virtual functions.
Disabling it by default will prevent inlining of devirtualized calls making
devirtualization not really useful.
Perhaps with LIPO situation is bit different because you bring in the other
module just to inline the call as you describe.

One thing I can imagine doing is to make inliner consider the reachable
(in post-inlining sense, that is after removing extern inlines and virtual
functions) calls with priority and account only those to unit growth model.
This would make it more consistent over -fdevirtualize and more realistic
about resulting code size.

I sort of considered this option but did not have any good data suggesting
I should implement it.

In general it would be nice to understand this problem.  Also I plan to do
some retunning for 5.0 so it would be nice to know if you have other issues
with 4.9? (I did not closely followed Google branch changes, so if you can
point out those that are relevant for IPA tuning, I would be very interested
to see what problems you hit).

> David
> >
> > Honza
> >>
> >> David
> >>
> >>
> >> >
> >> > Honza
> >> >>
> >> >> David
> >> >>
> >> >>
> >> >> On Sat, Oct 18, 2014 at 10:10 AM, Jan Hubicka <> wrote:
> >> >> >> Disabling devirtualization reduces code size, both for instrumentation (because
> >> >> >> many more virtual functions are kept longer and therefore instrumented) and for
> >> >> >> normal optimization.
> >> >> >
> >> >> > OK, with profile instrumentation (that you seem to try to minimize) i can see
> >> >> > how you get noticeably more counters because virtual functions are kept longer.
> >> >> > (note that 4.9 is a lot more agressive on removing unreacable virtual functions
> >> >> > than earlier compilers).
> >> >> >
> >> >> > Instead of disabling -fdevirtualize completely (that will get you more indirect
> >> >> > calls and thus more topn profiling) you may consider just hacking
> >> >> > ipa.c:walk_polymorphic_call_targets to not make the possible targets as
> >> >> > reachable. (see the conditional on before_inlining_p).
> >> >> >
> >> >> > Of course this will get you less devirtualization (but with LTO the difference
> >> >> > should not be big - perhaps I could make switch for that for mainline) and less
> >> >> > accurate profiles when you get speculative devirtualization via topn.
> >> >> >
> >> >> > I would be very interested to see how much difference this makes.
> >> >> >
> >> >> > Honza

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