This is the mail archive of the mailing list for the GCC project.

Index Nav: [Date Index] [Subject Index] [Author Index] [Thread Index]
Message Nav: [Date Prev] [Date Next] [Thread Prev] [Thread Next]
Other format: [Raw text]

Re: extend fwprop optimization


On Sat, Mar 16, 2013 at 3:48 PM, Steven Bosscher <> wrote:
> On Tue, Mar 12, 2013 at 8:18 AM, Wei Mi wrote:
>> For the motivational case, I need insn splitting to get the cost
>> right. insn splitting is not very intrusive. All I need is to call
>> split_insns func.
> It may not look very intrusive, but there's a lot happening in the
> back ground. You're creating a lot of new RTL, and then just throw it
> away again. You fake the compiler into thinking you're much deeper in
> the pipeline than you really are. You're assuming there are no
> side-effects other than that some insn gets split, but there are back
> ends where splitters may have side-effects.

Ok, then I will remove the split_insns call.

> Even though I've asked twice now, you still have not explained this
> motivational case, except to say that there is one. *What* are you
> trying to do, *what* is not happening without the splits, and *what*
> happens if you split. Only if you explain that in a lot more detail
> than "I have a motivational case" then we can look into what is a
> proper solution.

:-). Sorry, I didn't say it clearly. The motivational case is the one
mentioned in the following posts (split_insns changes a << (b & 63) to
a << b).

If I remove the split_insns call and related cost estimation
adjustment, the fwprop 18-->22 and 18-->23 will punt, because fwprop
here looks like a reverse process of cse, the total cost after fwprop
change is increased.

Def insn 18:
        Use insn 23
        Use insn 22

If we include the split_insns cost estimation adjustment.
  extra benefit by removing def insn 18 = 5
  change[0]: benefit = 0, verified - ok  // The cost of insn 22 will
not change after fwprop + insn splitting.
  change[1]: benefit = 0, verified - ok  // The insn 23 is the same with insn 22
Total benefit is 5, fwprop will go on.

If we remove the split_insns cost estimation adjustment.
  extra benefit by removing def insn 18 = 5
  change[0]: benefit = -4, verified - ok   // The costs of insn 22 and
insn 23 will increase after fwprop.
  change[1]: benefit = -4, verified - ok   // The insn 23 is the same
with insn 22
Total benefit is -3, fwprop will punt.

How about adding the (a << (b&63) ==> a << b) transformation in
simplify_binary_operation_1, becuase (a << (b&63) ==> a << b) is a
kind of architecture specific expr simplification? Then fwprop could
do the propagation as I expect.

> The problem with some of the splitters is that they exist to break up
> RTL from 'expand' to initially keep some pattern together to allow the
> code transformation passes to handle the pattern as one instruction.
> This made sense when RTL was the only intermediate representation and
> splitting too early would inhibit some optimizations. But I would
> expect most (if not all) such cases to be less relevant because of the
> GIMPLE middle-end work. The only splitters you can trigger are the
> pre-reload splitters (all the reload_completed conditions obviously
> can't trigger if you're splitting from fwprop). Perhaps those
> splitters can/should run earlier, or be made obsolete by expanding
> directly to the post-splitting insns.
> Unfortunately, it's not possible to tell for your case, because you
> haven't explained it yet...
>> So how about keep split_insns and remove peephole in the cost estimation func?
> I'd strongly oppose this. I do not believe this is necessary, and I
> think it's conceptually wrong.
>>> What happens if you propagate into an insn that uses the same register
>>> twice? Will the DU chains still be valid (I don't think that's
>>> guaranteed)?
>> I think the DU chains still be valid. If propagate into the insn that
>> uses the same register twice, the two uses will be replaced when the
>> first use is seen (propagate_rtx_1 will propagate all the occurrances
>> of the same reg in the use insn).  When the second use is seen, the
>> df_use and use insn in its insn_info are still available.
>> forward_propagate_into will early return after check reg_mentioned_p
>> (DF_REF_REG (use), parent) and find out no reg is used  any more.
> With reg_mentioned_p you cannot verify that the DF_REF_LOC of USE is
> still valid.

I think DF_REF_LOC of USE may be invalid if dangling rtx will be
recycled by garbage collection very soon (I don't know when GC will
happen). Although DF_REF_LOC of USE maybe invalid, the early return in
forward_propagate_into ensure it will not cause any correctness

> In any case, returning to the RD problem for DU/UD chains is probably
> a good idea, now that RD is not such a hog anymore. In effect fwprop.c
> would return to what it looked like before the patch of r149010.

I remove MD problem and use DU/UD instead.

> As a way forward on all of this, I'd suggest the following steps, each
> with a separate patch:

Thanks for the suggestion!

> 1. replace the MD problem with RD again, and build full DU/UD chains.

I include patch.1 attached.

> 2. post all the recog changes separately, with minimum impact on the
> parts of the compiler you don't really change. (For apply_change_group
> you could even choose to overload it, or use a NUM argument with a
> default value -- not sure if default argument values are OK for GCC
> tho'.)

patch.2 attached.

> 3. implement propagation into multiple USEs, but without the splitting
> and peepholing.

patch.3 attached.

> 4. see about fixing the back end to either split earlier or expand to
> the desired patterns directly.

I havn't included this part. If you agree with the proposal to add the
transformation (a << (b&63) ==> a << b) in
simplify_binary_operation_1, I will send out another patch about it.


Attachment: ChangeLog.1
Description: Binary data

Attachment: ChangeLog.2
Description: Binary data

Attachment: ChangeLog.3
Description: Binary data

Attachment: patch.1
Description: Binary data

Attachment: patch.2
Description: Binary data

Attachment: patch.3
Description: Binary data

Index Nav: [Date Index] [Subject Index] [Author Index] [Thread Index]
Message Nav: [Date Prev] [Date Next] [Thread Prev] [Thread Next]