This is the mail archive of the mailing list for the GCC project.

Index Nav: [Date Index] [Subject Index] [Author Index] [Thread Index]
Message Nav: [Date Prev] [Date Next] [Thread Prev] [Thread Next]
Other format: [Raw text]

Re: Patch: New GTY ((atomic)) option

>> Â Â Â Â* gengtype.c (walk_type): Implemented "atomic" GTY option.
>> Â Â Â Â* doc/gty.texi (GTY Options): Document "atomic" GTY option.
> The patch is OK, with difference between "skip" and "atomic" options
> documented. (Can be done as a follow-up patch).

Thanks for the quick review.  Here's an updated patch with revised

Ok to go ?


Index: gcc/doc/gty.texi
--- gcc/doc/gty.texi    (revision 173917)
+++ gcc/doc/gty.texi    (working copy)
@@ -383,6 +383,51 @@
   size_t size = sizeof (struct sorted_fields_type) + n * sizeof (tree);
 @end smallexample
+@findex atomic
+@item atomic
+The @code{atomic} option can only be used with pointers.  It informs
+the GC machinery that the memory that the pointer points to does not
+contain any pointers, and hence it should be treated by the GC and PCH
+machinery as an ``atomic'' block of memory that does not need to be
+examined when scanning memory for pointers.  In particular, the
+machinery will not scan that memory for pointers to mark them as
+reachable (when marking pointers for GC) or to relocate them (when
+writing a PCH file).
+The @code{atomic} option differs from the @code{skip} option.
+@code{atomic} keeps the memory under Garbage Collection, but makes the
+GC ignore the contents of the memory.  @code{skip} is more drastic in
+that it causes the pointer and the memory to be completely ignored by
+the Garbage Collector.  So, memory marked as @code{atomic} is
+automatically freed when no longer reachable, while memory marked as
+@code{skip} is not.
+The @code{atomic} option must be used with great care, because all
+sorts of problem can occur if used incorrectly, that is, if the memory
+the pointer points to does actually contain a pointer.
+Here is an example of how to use it:
+struct GTY(()) my_struct @{
+  int number_of_elements;
+  unsigned int GTY ((atomic)) * elements;
+@end smallexample
+In this case, @code{elements} is a pointer under GC, and the memory it
+points to needs to be allocated using the Garbage Collector, and will
+be freed automatically by the Garbage Collector when it is no longer
+referenced.  But the memory that the pointer points to is an array of
+@code{unsigned int} elements, and the GC must not try to scan it to
+find pointers to mark or relocate, which is why it is marked with the
+@code{atomic} option.
+Note that, currently, global variables can not be marked with
+@code{atomic}; only fields of a struct can.  This is a known
+limitation.  It would be useful to be able to mark global pointers
+with @code{atomic} to make the PCH machinery aware of them so that
+they are saved and restored correctly to PCH files.
 @findex special
 @item special ("@var{name}")
Index: gcc/gengtype.c
--- gcc/gengtype.c      (revision 173917)
+++ gcc/gengtype.c      (working copy)
@@ -2386,6 +2386,7 @@
   int maybe_undef_p = 0;
   int use_param_num = -1;
   int use_params_p = 0;
+  int atomic_p = 0;
   options_p oo;
   const struct nested_ptr_data *nested_ptr_d = NULL;
@@ -2415,6 +2416,8 @@
     else if (strcmp (oo->name, "skip") == 0)
+    else if (strcmp (oo->name, "atomic") == 0)
+      atomic_p = 1;
     else if (strcmp (oo->name, "default") == 0)
     else if (strcmp (oo->name, "param_is") == 0)
@@ -2480,6 +2483,12 @@
+  if (atomic_p && (t->kind != TYPE_POINTER))
+    {
+      error_at_line (d->line, "field `%s' has invalid option `atomic'\n", d->val);
+      return;
+    }
   switch (t->kind)
     case TYPE_SCALAR:
@@ -2495,6 +2504,25 @@
+       /* If a pointer type is marked as "atomic", we process the
+          field itself, but we don't walk the data that they point to.
+          There are two main cases where we walk types: to mark
+          pointers that are reachable, and to relocate pointers when
+          writing a PCH file.  In both cases, an atomic pointer is
+          itself marked or relocated, but the memory that it points
+          to is left untouched.  In the case of PCH, that memory will
+          be read/written unchanged to the PCH file.  */
+       if (atomic_p)
+         {
+           oprintf (d->of, "%*sif (%s != NULL) {\n", d->indent, "", d->val);
+           d->indent += 2;
+           d->process_field (t, d);
+           d->indent -= 2;
+           oprintf (d->of, "%*s}\n", d->indent, "");
+           break;
+         }
        if (!length)
            if (!UNION_OR_STRUCT_P (t->u.p)
Index: gcc/ChangeLog
--- gcc/ChangeLog       (revision 173917)
+++ gcc/ChangeLog       (working copy)
@@ -1,3 +1,8 @@
+2011-05-20  Nicola Pero  <>
+       * gengtype.c (walk_type): Implemented "atomic" GTY option.
+       * doc/gty.texi (GTY Options): Document "atomic" GTY option.
 2011-05-19  Joseph Myers  <>
        * config/arm/arm-fpus.def: New.

Index Nav: [Date Index] [Subject Index] [Author Index] [Thread Index]
Message Nav: [Date Prev] [Date Next] [Thread Prev] [Thread Next]