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[Bug c/61904] New: Incorrect stack red-zoning on x86-64 code generation


https://gcc.gnu.org/bugzilla/show_bug.cgi?id=61904

            Bug ID: 61904
           Summary: Incorrect stack red-zoning on x86-64 code generation
           Product: gcc
           Version: 4.9.0
            Status: UNCONFIRMED
          Severity: critical
          Priority: P3
         Component: c
          Assignee: unassigned at gcc dot gnu.org
          Reporter: torvalds@linux-foundation.org

gcc-4.9.0 in Debian seems to miscompile the linux kernel for x86-64 in certain
configurations, creating accesses to below the stack pointer even though the
kernel uses -mno-red-zone.

The kernel cannot use the x86-64 stack red-zoning, because the hardware only
switches stacks on privilege transfers, so interrupts that happen in kernel
mode will not honor the normal 128-byte stack red-zone.

Attached is the pre-processed C code of the current kernel file

   kernel/sched/fair.c

which apparently on gcc-4.9.0 will miscompile the function "load_balance()",
creating code like this:

load_balance:
.LFB2408:
        .loc 2 6487 0
        .cfi_startproc
.LVL1355:
        pushq   %rbp    #
        .cfi_def_cfa_offset 16
        .cfi_offset 6, -16
        movq    %rsp, %rbp      #,
        .cfi_def_cfa_register 6
        pushq   %r15    #
        pushq   %r14    #
        pushq   %r13    #
        pushq   %r12    #
        .cfi_offset 15, -24
        .cfi_offset 14, -32
        .cfi_offset 13, -40
        .cfi_offset 12, -48
        movq    %rdx, %r12      # sd, sd
        pushq   %rbx    #
.LBB2877:
        .loc 2 6493 0
        movq    $load_balance_mask, -136(%rbp)  #, %sfp
.LBE2877:
        .loc 2 6487 0
        subq    $184, %rsp      #,
        .cfi_offset 3, -56
        .loc 2 6489 0
     ....


Note the "subq    $184, %rsp" *after* the compiler has already spilled to the
stack (the spill is insane, btw, since it's spilling a constant value!)

The second attachement is the reported mis-compiled result. I don't personally
have the affected gcc version, but you can see the options passed into the
compiler in the resulting "fair.s" file. The "-Os" in particular seems to be
important, with the bug not happening with "-O2".


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