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Re: GCC missing -flto optimizations? SPEC lbm benchmark

I never could understand, why field reordering was removed from GCC? I
mean, I know that it's prohibited in C and C++, but, sure, GCC can
detect whether it possibly can influence application behavior, and if
not, just do the reorder.

The veto is important to C/C++ as programming languages, but not to
machine code that is being generated from them. As long as app can't
detect that its fields were reordered through means defined by C/C++,
field reordering by compiler is fine, isn't it?

On Fri, 15 Feb 2019 at 12:49, Jun Ma <> wrote:
> Bin.Cheng <> 于2019年2月15日周五 下午5:12写道:
> > On Fri, Feb 15, 2019 at 3:30 AM Steve Ellcey <> wrote:
> > >
> > > I have a question about SPEC CPU 2017 and what GCC can and cannot do
> > > with -flto.  As part of some SPEC analysis I am doing I found that with
> > > -Ofast, ICC and GCC were not that far apart (especially spec int rate,
> > > spec fp rate was a slightly larger difference).
> > >
> > > But when I added -ipo to the ICC command and -flto to the GCC command,
> > > the difference got larger.  In particular the 519.lbm_r was more than
> > > twice as fast with ICC and -ipo, but -flto did not help GCC at all.
> > >
> > > There are other tests that also show this type of improvement with -ipo
> > > like 538.imagick_r, 544.nab_r, 525.x264_r, 531.deepsjeng_r, and
> > > 548.exchange2_r, but none are as dramatic as 519.lbm_r.  Anyone have
> > > any idea on what ICC is doing that GCC is missing?  Is GCC just not
> > > agressive enough with its inlining?
> >
> > IIRC Jun did some investigation before? CCing.
> >
> > Thanks,
> > bin
> > >
> > > Steve Ellcey
> > >
> ICC is doing much more than GCC in ipo, especially memory layout
> optimizations. See
> ICC is more aggressive in array transposition/structure splitting
> /field reordering. However, these optimizations have been removed
> from GCC long time ago.
> As for case lbm_r, IIRC a loop with memory access which stride is 20 is
> most time-consuming.  ICC will optimize the array(maybe structure?)
> and vectorize the loop under ipo.
> Thanks
> Jun

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