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Re: Visibility and C++ Classes/Templates

Jason Merrill <> writes:

> Gabriel Dos Reis wrote:
> > Mark Mitchell <> writes:
> > | I'm just not comfortable with the idea of #pragmas affecting
> > | instantiations.  (I'm OK with them affecting specializations, though; in
> > | that case, the original template has basically no impact, so I think
> > | it's fine to treat the specialization case as if it were any other
> > | function.)
> > I'm undecided whether #pragmas should not affect explicit
> > instantiations.  They really are not like implicit instantiations
> > (which, I agree with you, should not be affected).  Explicit
> > instantiations behave more like real declarations than implicit
> > instantiations.
> Yep.  I'm sympathetic to Mark's position, but still tend to believe
> that the #pragma should affect explicit instantiations.  Explicit
> instantiations are a way to make template instantiations conform more
> to the traditional declaration/definition model.  We ignore the
> #pragmas for implicit instantiations because the user doesn't control
> the point of instantiation; with explicit instantiations, they do.
> Explicit instantiations don't behave just like implicit
> instantiations; there are other differences.

A consequence of this is that if a user instantiates a template that
they don't 'own' (that is, a template from a different module), they
must make sure that no #pragma is in effect, because the other module
may have a specific idea about what visibility should be used.

I'm not sure how exactly they can do this.  Is there a visibility
pragma for "no setting"?

It seems like this would be a common enough mistake that there should
be a way to get a warning about it.

In the traditional declaration/definition model, if you try to change
the linkage of something you get an error...

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