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Re: Make assemble_real generate canonical CONST_INTs


Richard Biener <richard.guenther@gmail.com> writes:
> On Tue, Sep 17, 2019 at 4:33 PM Richard Sandiford
> <richard.sandiford@arm.com> wrote:
>>
>> assemble_real used GEN_INT to create integers directly from the
>> longs returned by real_to_target.  assemble_integer then went on
>> to interpret the const_ints as though they had the mode corresponding
>> to the accompanying size parameter:
>>
>>       imode = mode_for_size (size * BITS_PER_UNIT, mclass, 0).require ();
>>
>>       for (i = 0; i < size; i += subsize)
>>         {
>>           rtx partial = simplify_subreg (omode, x, imode, i);
>>
>> But in the assemble_real case, X might not be canonical for IMODE.
>>
>> If the interface to assemble_integer is supposed to allow outputting
>> (say) the low 4 bytes of a DImode integer, then the simplify_subreg
>> above is wrong.  But if the number of bytes passed to assemble_integer
>> is supposed to be the number of bytes that the integer actually contains,
>> assemble_real is wrong.
>>
>> This patch takes the latter interpretation and makes assemble_real
>> generate const_ints that are canonical for the number of bytes passed.
>>
>> The flip_storage_order handling assumes that each long is a full
>> SImode, which e.g. excludes BITS_PER_UNIT != 8 and float formats
>> whose memory size is not a multiple of 32 bits (which includes
>> HFmode at least).  The patch therefore leaves that code alone.
>> If interpreting each integer as SImode is correct, the const_ints
>> that it generates are also correct.
>>
>> Tested on aarch64-linux-gnu and x86_64-linux-gnu.  Also tested
>> by making sure that there were no new errors from a range of
>> cross-built targets.  OK to install?
>>
>> Richard
>>
>>
>> 2019-09-17  Richard Sandiford  <richard.sandiford@arm.com>
>>
>> gcc/
>>         * varasm.c (assemble_real): Generate canonical const_ints.
>>
>> Index: gcc/varasm.c
>> ===================================================================
>> --- gcc/varasm.c        2019-09-05 08:49:30.829739618 +0100
>> +++ gcc/varasm.c        2019-09-17 15:30:10.400740515 +0100
>> @@ -2873,25 +2873,27 @@ assemble_real (REAL_VALUE_TYPE d, scalar
>>    real_to_target (data, &d, mode);
>>
>>    /* Put out the first word with the specified alignment.  */
>> +  unsigned int chunk_nunits = MIN (nunits, units_per);
>>    if (reverse)
>>      elt = flip_storage_order (SImode, gen_int_mode (data[nelts - 1], SImode));
>>    else
>> -    elt = GEN_INT (data[0]);
>> -  assemble_integer (elt, MIN (nunits, units_per), align, 1);
>> -  nunits -= units_per;
>> +    elt = GEN_INT (sext_hwi (data[0], chunk_nunits * BITS_PER_UNIT));
>
> why the appearant difference between the storage-order flipping
> variant using gen_int_mode vs. the GEN_INT with sext_hwi?
> Can't we use gen_int_mode in the non-flipping path and be done with that?

Yeah, I mentioned this in the covering note.  The flip_storage_order
stuff only seems to work for floats that are a multiple of 32 bits in
size, so it doesn't e.g. handle HFmode or 80-bit floats, whereas the
new "else" does.  Hard-coding SImode also hard-codes BITS_PER_UNIT==8,
unlike the "else".

So if anything, it's flip_storage_order that might need to change
to avoid hard-coding SImode.  That doesn't look like a trivial change
though.  E.g. the number of bytes passed to assemble_integer would need
to match the number of bytes in data[nelts - 1] rather than data[0].
The alignment code below would also need to be adjusted.  Fixing that
(if it is a bug) seems like a separate change and TBH I'd rather not
touch it here.

Thanks,
Richard

>
>> +  assemble_integer (elt, chunk_nunits, align, 1);
>> +  nunits -= chunk_nunits;
>>
>>    /* Subsequent words need only 32-bit alignment.  */
>>    align = min_align (align, 32);
>>
>>    for (int i = 1; i < nelts; i++)
>>      {
>> +      chunk_nunits = MIN (nunits, units_per);
>>        if (reverse)
>>         elt = flip_storage_order (SImode,
>>                                   gen_int_mode (data[nelts - 1 - i], SImode));
>>        else
>> -       elt = GEN_INT (data[i]);
>> -      assemble_integer (elt, MIN (nunits, units_per), align, 1);
>> -      nunits -= units_per;
>> +       elt = GEN_INT (sext_hwi (data[i], chunk_nunits * BITS_PER_UNIT));
>> +      assemble_integer (elt, chunk_nunits, align, 1);
>> +      nunits -= chunk_nunits;
>>      }
>>  }
>>


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