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[PATCH] DWARF: add DW_AT_count to zero-length arrays


This fixes the issue that it is impossible to distinguish a zero-length array
type from a flexible array type given the DWARF produced by GCC (which I
reported here [1]). We do so by adding a DW_AT_count attribute with a value of
zero only for zero-length arrays (this is what clang does in this case, too).


The reproducer from the PR now produces the expected output:

$ ~/gcc-build/gcc/xgcc -B ~/gcc-build/gcc -g -c zero_length.c
$ ~/gcc-build/gcc/xgcc -B ~/gcc-build/gcc -g -c flexible.c
$ gdb -batch -ex 'ptype baz' zero_length.o
type = struct {
    int foo;
    int bar[0];
$ gdb -batch -ex 'ptype baz' flexible.o
type = struct {
    int foo;
    int bar[];

This was bootstrapped and tested on x86_64-pc-linux-gnu.

I don't have commit rights (first time contributor), so if this change is okay
could it please be applied?


2018-08-16  Omar Sandoval  <>

	* dwarf2out.c (is_c_family): New.
	(add_subscript_info): Add DW_AT_count of 0 for C zero-length arrays.

diff --git a/gcc/dwarf2out.c b/gcc/dwarf2out.c
index 5a74131d332..b638942c156 100644
--- a/gcc/dwarf2out.c
+++ b/gcc/dwarf2out.c
@@ -3671,6 +3671,7 @@ static const char *get_AT_string (dw_die_ref, enum dwarf_attribute);
 static int get_AT_flag (dw_die_ref, enum dwarf_attribute);
 static unsigned get_AT_unsigned (dw_die_ref, enum dwarf_attribute);
 static inline dw_die_ref get_AT_ref (dw_die_ref, enum dwarf_attribute);
+static bool is_c_family (void);
 static bool is_cxx (void);
 static bool is_cxx (const_tree);
 static bool is_fortran (void);
@@ -5434,6 +5435,21 @@ get_AT_file (dw_die_ref die, enum dwarf_attribute attr_kind)
   return a ? AT_file (a) : NULL;
+/* Return TRUE if the language is C or C++.  */
+static inline bool
+is_c_family (void)
+  unsigned int lang = get_AT_unsigned (comp_unit_die (), DW_AT_language);
+  return (lang == DW_LANG_C || lang == DW_LANG_C89 || lang == DW_LANG_C99
+	  || lang == DW_LANG_C11 || lang == DW_LANG_C_plus_plus
+	  || lang == DW_LANG_ObjC_plus_plus || lang == DW_LANG_C_plus_plus_11
+	  || lang == DW_LANG_C_plus_plus_14);
 /* Return TRUE if the language is C++.  */
 static inline bool
@@ -20918,12 +20934,24 @@ add_subscript_info (dw_die_ref type_die, tree type, bool collapse_p)
 	       dimension arr(N:*)
 	     Since the debugger is definitely going to need to know N
 	     to produce useful results, go ahead and output the lower
-	     bound solo, and hope the debugger can cope.  */
+	     bound solo, and hope the debugger can cope.
+	     For C and C++, if upper is NULL, this may be a zero-length array
+	     or a flexible array; we'd like to be able to distinguish between
+	     the two.  Set DW_AT_count to 0 for the former.  TYPE_SIZE is NULL
+	     for the latter.  */
 	  if (!get_AT (subrange_die, DW_AT_lower_bound))
 	    add_bound_info (subrange_die, DW_AT_lower_bound, lower, NULL);
-	  if (upper && !get_AT (subrange_die, DW_AT_upper_bound))
-	    add_bound_info (subrange_die, DW_AT_upper_bound, upper, NULL);
+	  if (!get_AT (subrange_die, DW_AT_upper_bound)
+	      && !get_AT (subrange_die, DW_AT_count))
+	    {
+	      if (upper)
+		add_bound_info (subrange_die, DW_AT_upper_bound, upper, NULL);
+	      else if (is_c_family () && TYPE_SIZE (type))
+		add_bound_info (subrange_die, DW_AT_count,
+				build_int_cst (TREE_TYPE (lower), 0), NULL);
+	    }
       /* Otherwise we have an array type with an unspecified length.  The

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