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Re: [PATCH] Make strlen range computations more conservative
On 08/06/2018 11:40 AM, Jeff Law wrote:
On 08/06/2018 11:15 AM, Martin Sebor wrote:
These examples do not aim to be valid C, they just point out limitations
of the middle-end design, and a good deal of the problems are due
to trying to do things that are not safe within the boundaries given
by the middle-end design.
I really think this is important -- and as such I think we need to move
away from trying to describe scenarios in C because doing so keeps
bringing us back to the "C doesn't allow XYZ" kinds of arguments when
what we're really discussing are GIMPLE semantic issues.
So examples should be GIMPLE. You might start with (possibly invalid) C
code to generate the GIMPLE, but the actual discussion needs to be
looking at GIMPLE. We might include the C code in case someone wants to
look at things in a debugger, but bringing the focus to GIMPLE is really
I don't understand the goal of this exercise. Unless the GIMPLE
code is the result of a valid test case (in some language GCC
supports), what does it matter what it looks like? The basis of
every single transformation done by a compiler is that the source
code is correct. If it isn't then all bets are off. I'm no GIMPLE
expert but even I can come up with any number of GIMPLE expressions
that have undefined behavior. What would that prove?
The GIMPLE IL is less restrictive than the original source language.
The process of translation into GIMPLE and optimization can create
situations in the GIMPLE IL that can't be validly represented in the
original source language. Subobject crossing being one such case, there
are certainly others. We have to handle these scenarios correctly.
Sure, but a valid C test case still needs to exist to show that
such a transformation is possible. Until someone comes up with
one it's all speculation.
Under normal circumstances the burden of proof that there is
a problem is on the reporter. In this case, the requirement
has turned into one to prove a negative. Effectively, you
are asking for a proof that there is no bug, either in
the assumptions behind the strlen optimization, or somewhere
else in GCC that would lead the optimization to invalidate
a valid piece of code. That's impossible.