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Re: PATCH] PR target/65612: Multiversioning doesn't work with DSO nor PIE

* H.J. Lu <> [2015-04-17 05:36:30 -0700]:
> On Fri, Apr 17, 2015 at 4:59 AM, Jakub Jelinek <> wrote:
> > On Fri, Apr 17, 2015 at 04:48:48AM -0700, H.J. Lu wrote:
> >> > I don't like it.  Nonshared libgcc is libgcc.a, period.  No sense in
> >> > creating yet another library for that.
> >> > So, IMHO beyond making the __cpu* entrypoints compat symbols only (@ instead
> >> > of @@ symbol versions) the right fix is simply tweak init_gcc_spec, so that
> >> > static_name is always linked in, in the switch combinations that it isn't
> >> > right now of course after shared_name rather than before that.
> >> > I thought we've fixed that years ago...
> >> >

I think the patch committed for this is suboptimal.
(it breaks with musl libc on x86 if libgcc_s is linked into a binary)

the patch:
original thread:

The symbol versioning hack for __cpu_model and __cpu_indicator_init
makes them invisible to the musl dynamic linker so their relocation
fails with 'symbol not found' error.
(affects anything linked with -lgcc_s)

I don't yet understand all the constraints, what I gathered is

* x86 multi-versioning was broken with libgcc_s because ifunc
resolution tried to use a libgcc_s function before it was relocated.
(mv dispatch uses ifunc before relocation is finished, that calls
__builtin_cpu_init that turns into a call to __cpu_indicator_init
that is a constructor in to initialize __cpu_model).

* old binaries that happened to work still have to work with new so __cpu_* must have a definition there.

* new binaries must get their own definition of __cpu_*
(ie statically linked from libgcc.a) to avoid the ifunc issue.

I would rename the __cpu_* symbols and put those only in libgcc.a
while keeping the old __cpu_* symbols still available in old binaries work with new gcc, new binaries get the
right definitions (so they work on old systems and new systems
too, and yes -lgcc should be passed to c++ dso linking).
Did i miss something?

(This is not in the gcc-5 branch so I assume It is OK to work
on a less intrusive fix.)

PS.: It would be nice if there was a specification for the ifunc
interface contract before any ifunc/multiversioned interface gets
into the compiler runtime (see to avoid similar bugs
and incompatibilities between the dynamic linker/loader and compiler,
the dynamic linker cannot guarantee arbitrary ifunc calls to work.

> >>
> >> We never pass -lgcc to linker when building C++ DSO:
> >>
> >>  /usr/libexec/gcc/x86_64-redhat-linux/4.9.2/collect2 -plugin
> >> /usr/libexec/gcc/x86_64-redhat-linux/4.9.2/
> >> -plugin-opt=/usr/libexec/gcc/x86_64-redhat-linux/4.9.2/lto-wrapper
> >> -plugin-opt=-fresolution=/tmp/ccZC7iqy.res
> >> -plugin-opt=-pass-through=-lgcc_s -plugin-opt=-pass-through=-lc
> >> -plugin-opt=-pass-through=-lgcc_s --build-id --no-add-needed
> >> --eh-frame-hdr --hash-style=gnu -m elf_x86_64 -shared
> >> /usr/lib/gcc/x86_64-redhat-linux/4.9.2/../../../../lib64/crti.o
> >> /usr/lib/gcc/x86_64-redhat-linux/4.9.2/crtbeginS.o
> >> -L/usr/lib/gcc/x86_64-redhat-linux/4.9.2
> >> -L/usr/lib/gcc/x86_64-redhat-linux/4.9.2/../../../../lib64
> >> -L/lib/../lib64 -L/usr/lib/../lib64
> >> -L/usr/lib/gcc/x86_64-redhat-linux/4.9.2/../../.. x.o -lstdc++ -lm
> >> -lgcc_s -lc -lgcc_s /usr/lib/gcc/x86_64-redhat-linux/4.9.2/crtendS.o
> >> /usr/lib/gcc/x86_64-redhat-linux/4.9.2/../../../../lib64/crtn.o
> >> [hjl@gnu-32 tmp]$
> >>
> >> That is why libgcc_nonshared.a is needed.
> >
> > See what I wrote.  I think it is a bug that we don't do that, in your case
> > we should pass -lgcc_s -lgcc -lc -lgcc_s -lgcc.
> > Or, if you don't want to change that, as the multi-versioning change is
> > i386/x86_64 only change, just ensure that those targets have
> > t-slibgcc-libgcc in libgcc/ and thus behave like most other linux
> > targets where -lgcc is linked in always after -lgcc_s.
> >
> >         Jakub
> This patch works for me.  OK for trunk?
> gcc/testsuite/
> PR target/65612
> * g++.dg/ext/mv18.C: New test.
> * g++.dg/ext/mv19.C: Likewise.
> * g++.dg/ext/mv20.C: Likewise.
> * g++.dg/ext/mv21.C: Likewise.
> * g++.dg/ext/mv22.C: Likewise.
> * g++.dg/ext/mv23.C: Likewise.
> libgcc/
> PR target/65612
> * (tmake_file): Add t-slibgcc-libgcc for Linux/x86.
> * config/i386/cpuinfo.c (__cpu_model): Initialize.
> (__cpu_indicator_init@GCC_4.8.0): New.
> (__cpu_model@GCC_4.8.0): Likewise.
> * config/i386/t-linux (HOST_LIBGCC2_CFLAGS): Add
> Thanks.
> -- 
> H.J.

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