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Re: [PATCH 2/6] Andes nds32: machine description of nds32 porting (2).

On 2013/10/6 äå 06:33, Richard Sandiford wrote:
> Chung-Lin Tang <> writes:
>> On 2013/10/6 05:57 PM, Richard Sandiford wrote:
>>>>> But case 16 is different.
>>>>> This case is only produced at prologue/epilogue phase, using a temporary
>>>>> register $r15 to hold a large constant for adjusting stack pointer. 
>>>>> Since prologue/epilogue is after split1/split2 phase, we can only
>>>>> output "sethi" + "ori" directly.
>>>>> (The "addi" instruction with $r15 is a 32-bit instruction.)
>>> But this code is in the output template of the define_insn.  That code
>>> is only executed during final, after all passes have been run.  If the
>>> template returns "#", final will split the instruction itself, which is
>>> possible even at that late stage.  "#" doesn't have any effect on the
>>> passes themselves.
>>> (FWIW, there's also a split3 pass that runs after prologue/epilogue
>>> generation but before sched2.)
>>> However, ISTR there is/was a rule that prologue instructions shouldn't
>>> be split, since they'd lose their RTX_FRAME_RELATED_P bit or something.
>>> Maybe you hit an ICE because of that?
>>> Another way to handle this would be to have the movsi expander split
>>> large constant moves.  When can_create_pseudo_p (), the intermediate
>>> results can be stored in new registers, otherwise they should reuse
>>> operands[0].  Two advantages to doing it that way are that high parts
>>> can be shared before RA, and that calls to emit_move_insn from the
>>> prologue code will split the move automatically.  I think many ports
>>> do it that way (including MIPS FWIW).
>> FWIW, most ports usually just handle such "large adjustment" cases in
>> the prologue/epilogue code manually; either multiple SP-adjustments, or
>> use of a temp register (better control of RTX_FRAME_RELATED_P anyways).
>> You might be able to get it to work, but trying to rely on the splitter
>> does not seem like best practice...
> To be clear, I wasn't talking about relying on the splitter in the
> define_split sense.  I was saying that the move expanders could
> split large constants.

Okay, I sort of missed the context.

> MIPS prologue code does use emit_move_insn to move large constants,
> which automatically produces a split form from the outset.  I don't
> really agree that it's bad practice.

I think that's mostly the same as what I meant by "manually"; it seems
that there's lots of MIPS backend machinery starting from
mips_legitimize_move(), so it's not really "automatic" ;)


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