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Re: [google/integration] Extend C++11 UDLs to be compatible with inttypes.h macros (issue6104051)


Could you try to get this into mainline instead of just the google
branches? In http://gcc.gnu.org/PR52538, Jonathan sounded like he'd
consider accepting it.

On Sun, Apr 22, 2012 at 7:54 PM, Ollie Wild <aaw@google.com> wrote:
> Add new option, -Wreserved-user-defined-literal.
>
> This option, which is enabled by default, causes the preprocessor to warn
> when a string or character literal is followed by a ud-suffix which does
> not begin with an underscore. ?According to [lex.ext]p10, this is
> ill-formed.
>
> Also modifies the preprocessor to treat such ill-formed suffixes as separate
> preprocessing tokens. ?This is consistent with the Clang front end (see
> http://llvm.org/viewvc/llvm-project?view=rev&revision=152287), and enables
> backwards compatibility with code that uses formatting macros from
> <inttypes.h>, as in the following code block:
>
> ?int main() {
> ? ?int64_t i64 = 123;
> ? ?printf("My int64: %"PRId64"\n", i64);
> ?}
>
> Google ref b/6377711.
>
> 2012-04-22 ? Ollie Wild ?<aaw@google.com>
>
> ? ? ? ?* gcc/c-family/c-common.c:
> ? ? ? ?* gcc/c-family/c-opts.c (c_common_handle_option):
> ? ? ? ?* gcc/c-family/c.opt:
> ? ? ? ?* gcc/doc/invoke.texi (struct A):
> ? ? ? ?* gcc/testsuite/g++.dg/cpp0x/Wreserved-user-defined-literal.C (test):
> ? ? ? ?(main):
> ? ? ? ?* libcpp/include/cpplib.h (struct cpp_options):
> ? ? ? ?* libcpp/init.c (cpp_create_reader):
> ? ? ? ?* libcpp/lex.c (lex_raw_string):
> ? ? ? ?(lex_string):
>
> diff --git a/gcc/c-family/c-common.c b/gcc/c-family/c-common.c
> index 1d19251..915dc25 100644
> --- a/gcc/c-family/c-common.c
> +++ b/gcc/c-family/c-common.c
> @@ -8724,6 +8724,7 @@ static const struct reason_option_codes_t option_codes[] = {
> ? {CPP_W_NORMALIZE, ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ?OPT_Wnormalized_},
> ? {CPP_W_INVALID_PCH, ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ?OPT_Winvalid_pch},
> ? {CPP_W_WARNING_DIRECTIVE, ? ? ? ? ? ?OPT_Wcpp},
> + ?{CPP_W_RESERVED_USER_LITERALS, ? ? ? OPT_Wreserved_user_defined_literal},
> ? {CPP_W_NONE, ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? 0}
> ?};
>
> diff --git a/gcc/c-family/c-opts.c b/gcc/c-family/c-opts.c
> index 5118928..dab6ce5 100644
> --- a/gcc/c-family/c-opts.c
> +++ b/gcc/c-family/c-opts.c
> @@ -509,6 +509,10 @@ c_common_handle_option (size_t scode, const char *arg, int value,
> ? ? ? ? ?break;
> ? ? ? ?}
>
> + ? ?case OPT_Wreserved_user_defined_literal:
> + ? ? ?cpp_opts->warn_reserved_user_literals = value;
> + ? ? ?break;
> +
> ? ? case OPT_Wreturn_type:
> ? ? ? warn_return_type = value;
> ? ? ? break;
> diff --git a/gcc/c-family/c.opt b/gcc/c-family/c.opt
> index 40ff96c..f610513 100644
> --- a/gcc/c-family/c.opt
> +++ b/gcc/c-family/c.opt
> @@ -589,6 +589,10 @@ Wreorder
> ?C++ ObjC++ Var(warn_reorder) Warning
> ?Warn when the compiler reorders code
>
> +Wreserved-user-defined-literal
> +C++ ObjC++ Warning
> +Warn when a string or character literal is followed by a ud-suffix which does not begin with an underscore.
> +
> ?Wreturn-type
> ?C ObjC C++ ObjC++ Var(warn_return_type) Warning
> ?Warn whenever a function's return type defaults to \"int\" (C), or about inconsistent return types (C++)
> diff --git a/gcc/doc/invoke.texi b/gcc/doc/invoke.texi
> index 1b61e76..d425079 100644
> --- a/gcc/doc/invoke.texi
> +++ b/gcc/doc/invoke.texi
> @@ -198,7 +198,7 @@ in the following sections.
> ?-fvisibility-ms-compat @gol
> ?-Wabi ?-Wconversion-null ?-Wctor-dtor-privacy @gol
> ?-Wdelete-non-virtual-dtor -Wnarrowing -Wnoexcept @gol
> --Wnon-virtual-dtor ?-Wreorder @gol
> +-Wnon-virtual-dtor ?-Wreorder -Wreserved-user-defined-literal @gol
> ?-Weffc++ ?-Wstrict-null-sentinel @gol
> ?-Wno-non-template-friend ?-Wold-style-cast @gol
> ?-Woverloaded-virtual ?-Wno-pmf-conversions @gol
> @@ -2474,6 +2474,30 @@ struct A @{
> ?The compiler will rearrange the member initializers for @samp{i}
> ?and @samp{j} to match the declaration order of the members, emitting
> ?a warning to that effect. ?This warning is enabled by @option{-Wall}.
> +
> +@item -Wreserved-user-defined-literal @r{(C++ and Objective-C++ only)}
> +@opindex Wreserved-user-defined-literal
> +@opindex Wno-reserved-user-defined-literal
> +Warn when a string or character literal is followed by a ud-suffix which does
> +not begin with an underscore. ?As a conforming extension, GCC treats such
> +suffixes as separate preprocessing tokens in order to maintain backwards
> +compatibility with code that uses formatting macros from @code{<inttypes.h>}.
> +For example:
> +
> +@smallexample
> +#define __STDC_FORMAT_MACROS
> +#include <inttypes.h>
> +#include <stdio.h>
> +
> +int main() @{
> + ?int64_t i64 = 123;
> + ?printf("My int64: %"PRId64"\n", i64);
> +@}
> +@end smallexample
> +
> +In this case, @code{PRId64} is treated as a separate preprocessing token.
> +
> +This warning is enabled by default.
> ?@end table
>
> ?The following @option{-W@dots{}} options are not affected by @option{-Wall}.
> diff --git a/gcc/testsuite/g++.dg/cpp0x/Wreserved-user-defined-literal.C b/gcc/testsuite/g++.dg/cpp0x/Wreserved-user-defined-literal.C
> new file mode 100644
> index 0000000..66de5c0
> --- /dev/null
> +++ b/gcc/testsuite/g++.dg/cpp0x/Wreserved-user-defined-literal.C
> @@ -0,0 +1,29 @@
> +// { dg-do run }
> +// { dg-options "-std=c++0x" }
> +
> +// Make sure -Wreserved-user-defined-literal is enabled by default and
> +// triggers as expected.
> +
> +#define BAR "bar"
> +#define PLUS_ONE + 1
> +
> +#include <cstdint>
> +#include <cassert>
> +
> +
> +void
> +test()
> +{
> + ?char c = '3'PLUS_ONE; ? ? ? ? ?// { dg-warning "invalid suffix on literal" }
> + ?char s[] = "foo"BAR; ? // { dg-warning "invalid suffix on literal" }
> +
> + ?assert(c == '4');
> + ?assert(s[3] != '\0');
> + ?assert(s[3] == 'b');
> +}
> +
> +int
> +main()
> +{
> + ?test();
> +}
> diff --git a/libcpp/include/cpplib.h b/libcpp/include/cpplib.h
> index bf59d01..84cacb0 100644
> --- a/libcpp/include/cpplib.h
> +++ b/libcpp/include/cpplib.h
> @@ -427,6 +427,10 @@ struct cpp_options
> ? /* Nonzero for C++ 2011 Standard user-defnied literals. ?*/
> ? unsigned char user_literals;
>
> + ?/* Nonzero means warn when a string or character literal is followed by a
> + ? ? ud-suffix which does not beging with an underscore. ?*/
> + ?unsigned char warn_reserved_user_literals;
> +
> ? /* Holds the name of the target (execution) character set. ?*/
> ? const char *narrow_charset;
>
> @@ -906,7 +910,8 @@ enum {
> ? CPP_W_CXX_OPERATOR_NAMES,
> ? CPP_W_NORMALIZE,
> ? CPP_W_INVALID_PCH,
> - ?CPP_W_WARNING_DIRECTIVE
> + ?CPP_W_WARNING_DIRECTIVE,
> + ?CPP_W_RESERVED_USER_LITERALS
> ?};
>
> ?/* Output a diagnostic of some kind. ?*/
> diff --git a/libcpp/init.c b/libcpp/init.c
> index 5fa82ca..2688699 100644
> --- a/libcpp/init.c
> +++ b/libcpp/init.c
> @@ -175,6 +175,7 @@ cpp_create_reader (enum c_lang lang, hash_table *table,
> ? CPP_OPTION (pfile, warn_variadic_macros) = 1;
> ? CPP_OPTION (pfile, warn_builtin_macro_redefined) = 1;
> ? CPP_OPTION (pfile, warn_normalize) = normalized_C;
> + ?CPP_OPTION (pfile, warn_reserved_user_literals) = 1;
>
> ? /* Default CPP arithmetic to something sensible for the host for the
> ? ? ?benefit of dumb users like fix-header. ?*/
> diff --git a/libcpp/lex.c b/libcpp/lex.c
> index 0ad9660..ba8ed9e 100644
> --- a/libcpp/lex.c
> +++ b/libcpp/lex.c
> @@ -1491,14 +1491,30 @@ lex_raw_string (cpp_reader *pfile, cpp_token *token, const uchar *base,
>
> ? if (CPP_OPTION (pfile, user_literals))
> ? ? {
> + ? ? ?/* According to C++11 [lex.ext]p10, a ud-suffix not starting with an
> + ? ? ? ?underscore is ill-formed. ?Since this breaks programs using macros
> + ? ? ? ?from inttypes.h, we generate a warning and treat the ud-suffix as a
> + ? ? ? ?separate preprocessing token. ?This approach is under discussion by
> + ? ? ? ?the standards committee, and has been adopted as a conforming
> + ? ? ? ?extension by other front ends such as clang. */
> + ? ? ?if (ISALPHA(*cur))
> + ? ? ? {
> + ? ? ? ? // Raise a warning, but do not consume subsequent tokens.
> + ? ? ? ? if (CPP_OPTION (pfile, warn_reserved_user_literals))
> + ? ? ? ? ? cpp_warning_with_line (pfile, CPP_W_RESERVED_USER_LITERALS,
> + ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ?token->src_loc, 0,
> + ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ?"invalid suffix on literal; C++11 requires "
> + ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ?"a space between literal and identifier");
> + ? ? ? }
> ? ? ? /* Grab user defined literal suffix. ?*/
> - ? ? ?if (ISIDST (*cur))
> + ? ? ?else if (*cur == '_')
> ? ? ? ?{
> ? ? ? ? ?type = cpp_userdef_string_add_type (type);
> ? ? ? ? ?++cur;
> +
> + ? ? ? ? while (ISIDNUM (*cur))
> + ? ? ? ? ? ++cur;
> ? ? ? ?}
> - ? ? ?while (ISIDNUM (*cur))
> - ? ? ? ++cur;
> ? ? }
>
> ? pfile->buffer->cur = cur;
> @@ -1606,15 +1622,31 @@ lex_string (cpp_reader *pfile, cpp_token *token, const uchar *base)
>
> ? if (CPP_OPTION (pfile, user_literals))
> ? ? {
> + ? ? ?/* According to C++11 [lex.ext]p10, a ud-suffix not starting with an
> + ? ? ? ?underscore is ill-formed. ?Since this breaks programs using macros
> + ? ? ? ?from inttypes.h, we generate a warning and treat the ud-suffix as a
> + ? ? ? ?separate preprocessing token. ?This approach is under discussion by
> + ? ? ? ?the standards committee, and has been adopted as a conforming
> + ? ? ? ?extension by other front ends such as clang. */
> + ? ? ?if (ISALPHA(*cur))
> + ? ? ? {
> + ? ? ? ? // Raise a warning, but do not consume subsequent tokens.
> + ? ? ? ? if (CPP_OPTION (pfile, warn_reserved_user_literals))
> + ? ? ? ? ? cpp_warning_with_line (pfile, CPP_W_RESERVED_USER_LITERALS,
> + ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ?token->src_loc, 0,
> + ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ?"invalid suffix on literal; C++11 requires "
> + ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ?"a space between literal and identifier");
> + ? ? ? }
> ? ? ? /* Grab user defined literal suffix. ?*/
> - ? ? ?if (ISIDST (*cur))
> + ? ? ?else if (*cur == '_')
> ? ? ? ?{
> ? ? ? ? ?type = cpp_userdef_char_add_type (type);
> ? ? ? ? ?type = cpp_userdef_string_add_type (type);
> ? ? ? ? ? ++cur;
> +
> + ? ? ? ? while (ISIDNUM (*cur))
> + ? ? ? ? ? ++cur;
> ? ? ? ?}
> - ? ? ?while (ISIDNUM (*cur))
> - ? ? ? ++cur;
> ? ? }
>
> ? pfile->buffer->cur = cur;
>
> --
> This patch is available for review at http://codereview.appspot.com/6104051


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